Achondroplasia

Common Name(s)

Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is a disorder of bone growth that prevents the changing of cartilage (particularly in the long bones of the arms and legs) to bone. It is characterized by dwarfism, limited range of motion at the elbows, large head size, small fingers, and normal intelligence. Achondroplasia can cause health complications such as apnea, obesity, recurrent ear infections, and lordosis of the spine. Achondroplasia is caused by mutations in the FGFR3 gene. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Achondroplasia" for support, advocacy or research.

Little People of America, Inc.

Little People of America, Inc. (LPA), will assist dwarfs with their physical and developmental concerns resulting from short stature. By providing medical, environmental, educational, vocational, and parental guidance, short-statured individuals and their families may enhance their lives and lifestyles with minimal limitations. Through peer support and personal example, our members will be supportive of all those who reach out to LPA. Lastly, by networking with national and international growth-related and genetic-support groups, LPA will enhance knowledge and support of short-statured individuals.

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Achondroplasia" for support, advocacy or research.

Little People of America, Inc.

Little People of America, Inc. (LPA), will assist dwarfs with their physical and developmental concerns resulting from short stature. By providing medical, environmental, educational, vocational, and parental guidance, short-statured individuals and their families may enhance their lives and lifestyles with minimal limitations. Through peer support and personal example, our members will be supportive of all those who reach out to LPA. Lastly, by networking with national and international growth-related and genetic-support groups, LPA will enhance knowledge and support of short-statured individuals.

http://www.lpaonline.org

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Achondroplasia" returned 98 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Meckel's and condylar cartilages anomalies in achondroplasia result in defective development and growth of the mandible.
 

Author(s): Martin Biosse Duplan, Davide Komla-Ebri, Yann Heuzé, Valentin Estibals, Emilie Gaudas, Nabil Kaci, Catherine Benoist-Lasselin, Michel Zerah, Ina Kramer, Michaela Kneissel, Diana Grauss Porta, Federico Di Rocco, Laurence Legeai-Mallet

Journal: Hum. Mol. Genet.. 2016 Jul;25(14):2997-3010.

 

Activating FGFR3 mutations in human result in achondroplasia (ACH), the most frequent form of dwarfism, where cartilages are severely disturbed causing long bones, cranial base and vertebrae defects. Because mandibular development and growth rely on cartilages that guide or directly ...

Last Updated: 11 Jun 2016

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Effect of the achondroplasia mutation on FGFR3 dimerization and FGFR3 structural response to fgf1 and fgf2: A quantitative FRET study in osmotically derived plasma membrane vesicles.
 

Author(s): Sarvenaz Sarabipour, Kalina Hristova

Journal: Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 2016 Jul;1858(7 Pt A):1436-42.

 

The G380R mutation in the transmembrane domain of FGFR3 is a germline mutation responsible for most cases of Achondroplasia, a common form of human dwarfism. Here we use quantitative Fӧster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) and osmotically derived plasma membrane vesicles to study ...

Last Updated: 17 May 2016

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Droplet digital PCR combined with minisequencing, a new approach to analyze fetal DNA from maternal blood: application to the non-invasive prenatal diagnosis of achondroplasia.
 

Author(s): Lucie Orhant, Olivia Anselem, Mélanie Fradin, Pierre Hadrien Becker, Caroline Beugnet, Nathalie Deburgrave, Gilles Tafuri, Franck Letourneur, François Goffinet, Laïla Allach El Khattabi, France Leturcq, Thierry Bienvenu, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Juliette Nectoux

Journal: Prenat. Diagn.. 2016 May;36(5):397-406.

 

Achondroplasia is generally detected by abnormal prenatal ultrasound findings in the third trimester of pregnancy and then confirmed by molecular genetic testing of fetal genomic DNA obtained by aspiration of amniotic fluid. This invasive procedure presents a small but significant ...

Last Updated: 13 May 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Achondroplasia" returned 2 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Impact of three genetic musculoskeletal diseases: a comparative synthesis of achondroplasia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy and osteogenesis imperfecta.
 

Author(s): Maman Joyce Dogba, Frank Rauch, Erin Douglas, Christophe Bedos

Journal:

 

Achondroplasia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and osteogenesis imperfecta are among the most frequent rare genetic disorders affecting the musculoskeletal system in children. Rare genetic disorders are severely disabling and can have substantial impacts on families, children, and on ...

Last Updated: 14 Jul 2015

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Medical complications of achondroplasia: a multicentre patient review.
 

Author(s): A G Hunter, A Bankier, J G Rogers, D Sillence, C I Scott

Journal: J. Med. Genet.. 1998 Sep;35(9):705-12.

 

Achondroplasia is the most prevalent chondrodysplasia and numerous authors have documented the varied social and medical complications that may compromise a full and productive life. Complications include cervicomedullary compression, spinal stenosis, restrictive and obstructive lung ...

Last Updated: 10 Nov 1998

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.