Kawasaki Disease

Common Name(s)

Kawasaki Disease, Acute febrile mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, Kawasaki syndrome

Kawasaki disease, also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, is a serious condition that is characterized by the inflammation of the blood vessels in the body. The condition typically affects children under the age of five, primarily those of Asian and Pacific Island descent. However, the disease can also develop in individuals of different ages and ethnicities.

Symptoms of this condition generally come in stages. The early symptoms may include a high fever lasting more than five days, blood shot eyes, red cracked lips, swollen strawberry red colored tongue, and rashes on the chest and genital area. Later symptoms may include peeling of the skin on the hands and feet, joint pain, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting.

At this time, there is not an exact test to determine if someone is experiencing Kawasaki disease. After taking a health history, in addition to other tests to exclude other conditions, a doctor can make a formal diagnosis. Unfortunately, the official cause for this condition is unknown. The disease itself is usually manageable, but without treatment can cause very serious heart conditions for the affected individual. Therefore, if you or someone you know is experiencing the symptoms of Kawasaki disease, speak to your doctor immediately to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Kawasaki Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Kids with Heart National Association for Children's Heart Disorders

Our organization was formed in 1985 with the main mission of providing support, information, resources, and education for the families of the children living with congenital heart defects and to promote public awareness of the issues that these families live with on a day to day basis.

Last Updated: 4 May 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Kawasaki Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Kids with Heart National Association for Children's Heart Disorders

Our organization was formed in 1985 with the main mission of providing support, information, resources, and education for the families of the children living with congenital heart defects and to promote public awareness of the issues that these families live with on a day to day basis.

http://www.kidswithheart.org

Last Updated: 4 May 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Kawasaki Disease" returned 861 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Capillary leak syndrome and aseptic meningitis in a patient with Kawasaki disease: A case report.
 

Author(s): Yufeng Zhang, Han Wan, Maosheng Du, Huiling Deng, Jia Fu, Yu Zhang, Xiaoyan Wang, Ruiqing Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(23):e10716.

 

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis of childhood, coronary complications are the most serious and classic complications of this disease. However, simultaneous complications such as systemic capillary leak syndrome (CLS) and aseptic meningitis are rarely reported.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Rare ocular manifestations in an 11-year-old girl with incomplete Kawasaki disease: A case report.
 

Author(s): Yunxia Gao, Yifan Zhang, Fang Lu, Xiaoyue Wang, Ming Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10974.

 

Kawasaki disease is a necrotizing vasculitis featuring fever, erythema, conjunctivitis, and lymphadenopathy. Ocular manifestations in Kawasaki disease are commonly limited to anterior segment, posterior segment lesions are rarely reported.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Variants in the Gene EBF2 Are Associated with Kawasaki Disease in a Korean Population.
 

Author(s): Yoonsun Bae, Dongjik Shin, Jiho Nam, Hye Rim Lee, Jun Sung Kim, Kyu Yeun Kim, Dong Soo Kim, Yeun Jun Chung

Journal: Yonsei Med. J.. 2018 Jun;59(4):519-523.

 

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. It is mainly seen in young children under the age of five. KD is a multifactorial disorder that includes genetic variants. The present study investigated the association between KD and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Kawasaki Disease" returned 69 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Prolonged optic disc swelling in Kawasaki disease - A case report and literature review].
 

Author(s): Yusuke Tsumura, Hiroshi Masuda, Sachiko Nishina, Tohru Kobayashi, Hiroshi Ono, Hitoshi Kato, Jun Abe, Akira Ishiguro

Journal: Nihon Rinsho Meneki Gakkai Kaishi. 2017 ;40(5):377-381.

 

  Kawasaki disease (KD), an acute childhood panvasculitis, presents a variety of ocular complications as well as conjunctival injection among the principal symptoms. However, most pediatricians are unfamiliar with the ophthalmological complications of KD. A 2-year-old girl was referred ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Acetylsalicylic acid for children with Kawasaki disease.
 

Author(s): Teeranai Sakulchit, Susanne M Benseler, Ran D Goldman

Journal: Can Fam Physician. 2017 Aug;63(8):607-609.

 

A 7-year-old child in my office was recently discharged from the hospital after receiving intravenous immunoglobulin for Kawasaki disease. Should I continue treatment with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), and if so, what is the appropriate dose? The role of ASA for Kawasaki disease during ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dissecting Kawasaki disease: a state-of-the-art review.
 

Author(s): S M Dietz, D van Stijn, D Burgner, M Levin, I M Kuipers, B A Hutten, T W Kuijpers

Journal: Eur. J. Pediatr.. 2017 Aug;176(8):995-1009.

 

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a pediatric vasculitis with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) as its main complication. The diagnosis is based on the presence of persistent fever and clinical features including exanthema, lymphadenopathy, conjunctival injection, and changes to the mucosae ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 5 Mar 2018

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Anakinra in Infants and Children With Coronary Artery Abnormalities in Acute Kawasaki Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Kawasaki Disease

 

Last Updated: 24 Oct 2017

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KIDCARE (Kawasaki Disease Comparative Effectiveness Trial)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 21 Feb 2017

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