Acute renal failure

Common Name(s)

Acute renal failure, ARF, Acute kidney failure

Acute renal failure (ARF), or acute kidney failure, occurs when the kidneys are not able to remove waste from the blood. ARF develops quickly, within a few hours or days. It most often happens to people already in the hospital especially those who are seriously ill. Other risk factors include being older, having diabetes, high blood pressure, heart failure, kidney disease, liver disease or blockages in the blood vessels in your arms or legs (peripheral artery disease).

Common symptoms of ARF may include decreased urination, shortness of breath, nausea or vomiting, confusion, or feeling tired or lacking energy. Swelling may occur as a result of the body retaining water and may be visible in the legs, ankles, or feet. Chest pain or pressure may occur. In severe cases, seizures or a coma may result from ARF. Sometimes there are no signs or symptoms.

ARF may be diagnosed by measuring urine output, performing urine and blood tests as well as ultrasounds or CT scans of the kidney. Sometimes a kidney biopsy will be performed in which a doctor removes a small piece of kidney tissue using a small thin needle so the tissue can be tested. ARF is a serious illness which may be fatal but many people are able to recover fully with intensive medical care. Treatment and recovery depends on the underlying cause of the kidney failure, but may include diet and liquid restrictions, medication, and short term dialysis. Dialysis is a process in which your blood is filtered through a machine that removes waste so that your blood can then be returned to your body. It is used when kidney damage is severe. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with acute renal failure, talk to your physician and specialists about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Acute renal failure" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Acute renal failure" returned 1308 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Minimal change disease related to rifampicin presenting with acute renal failure during treatment for latent tuberculosis infection: A case report.
 

Author(s): Jee-Seon Kim, Kyong-Ju Kim, Eun-Young Choi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10556.

 

The standard drugs used to treat tuberculosis are rifampicin and isoniazid. These agents are usually safe and inexpensive for short-term use in treatment of latent tuberculosis infection, but sometimes cause adverse renal effects, including minimal change disease (MCD).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Acute renal failure in a patient with epidermolysis bullosa acquisita.
 

Author(s): Guowei Zhao, Qing Yang, Furen Zhang

Journal: An Bras Dermatol. 2017 ;92(5 Suppl 1):14-16.

 

Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a severe autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease. In this report, we described for the first time a patient with epidermolysis bullosa acquisita who developed acute renal failure. There is a possibility that epidermolysis bullosa acquisita and acute ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Protective Effects of on Glycerol-Induced Acute Renal Failure in Mice.
 

Author(s): Yanyan Zhang, Yaxi Du, Hong Yu, Yongchun Zhou, Feng Ge

Journal: J Immunol Res. 2017 ;2017():2012585.

 

Oxidative stress and immune response are associated with acute renal failure (ARF). (OL) might be an antioxidant and immunopotentiator. In this study, we explored the protective effects of OL on glycerol-induced ARF.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Acute renal failure" returned 124 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Myelosuppression, Bone Disease, and Acute Renal Failure: Evidence-Based Recommendations for Oncologic Emergencies.
 

Author(s): Kevin Brigle, Amy Pierre, Elizabeth Finley-Oliver, Beth Faiman, Joseph D Tariman, Teresa Miceli

Journal: Clin J Oncol Nurs. 2017 10;21(5 Suppl):60-76.

 

Oncologic emergencies associated with multiple myeloma include myelosuppression (anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia), bone-related emergencies, and acute renal failure. 
.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Serotonin Syndrome Induced by Combined Use of Mirtazapine and Olanzapine Complicated with Rhabdomyolysis, Acute Renal Failure, and Acute Pulmonary Edema-A Case Report.
 

Author(s): Chi-Shun Wu, Show-Hwa Tong, Cheung-Ter Ong, Sheng-Feng Sung

Journal: Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2015 Dec;24(4):117-21.

 

Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening complication of serotonergic agents. Although mirtazapine is a relatively safe antidepressant and has a comparatively low incidence of side effects, it still could induce serotonin syndrome.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A New Differential Diagnosis: Synthetic Cannabinoids-Associated Acute Renal Failure.
 

Author(s): Vineet S Gudsoorkar, Jose A Perez

Journal: Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J. ;11(3):189-91.

 

Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are herbal blends that use plant material with varying concentrations of synthetic analogues of cannabinoids. These products are sold as incense or potpourri and are labeled "Not for human use." Even so, rates of abuse are rapidly increasing worldwide, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Measurement of Iohexol Plasma Clearance in Patients Leaving ICU After Acute Renal Failure
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Renal Failure

 

Last Updated: 26 Jun 2017

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Venous Congestion and Acute Renal Failure in Cardiac Surgery Postoperative
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Renal Failure (ARF)

 

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2017

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Incidence of Acute Renal Failure Associated With Iodinated Contrast Agents in Pediatrics
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Renal Insufficiency

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2018

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