Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Common Name(s)

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Acute lymphocytic leukemia

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a quickly progressing (acute) cancer of the white blood cells. These white blood cells, also called lymphocytes, are produced in the bone marrow (inner part of the bones) and are part of our body’s immune system which fights infections. The bone marrow also makes red blood cells (which carry oxygen to all the cells of our body) and platelets (which help our blood clot). ALL occurs when cancerous, immature white blood cells are overproduced in the bone marrow, which limits the production of other blood cells, such as red blood cells and platelets. ALL is most common among children ages 2 through 5 and the elderly. The symptoms that result are fever, shortness of breath, coughing, chest pain, vomiting, increased bleeding, bleeding from the gums, and an increased risk of infections like pneumonia.

Diagnosis of ALL includes examining family history, a physical exam, blood counts, and a blood smear. A bone marrow biopsy may also be used to make a concrete diagnosis. Treatments have improved over the years, and about 80% of children diagnosed with ALL are cured. However, the prognosis for older individuals suffering from ALL are less positive. There are many treatment options such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy, and immunotherapy. These may be used alone or in combination with each other. While treatment and survival has improved, early detection is key. It is important to talk to your doctor as soon as possible if you think you or your child may have ALL.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Acute lymphoblastic leukemia" for support, advocacy or research.

National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Acute lymphoblastic leukemia" for support, advocacy or research.

National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

http://www.nbmtlink.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Acute lymphoblastic leukemia" returned 3137 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Osteolytic bone lesions, severe hypercalcemia without circulating blasts: unusual presentation of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
 

Author(s): Achour Bechir, Regaieg Haifa, Ben Abdelkader Atef, Bouslema Emna, Achour Asma, Ben Sayed Nesrine, Ben Youssef Yosra, Khelif Abdrrahim

Journal:

 

Hypercalcemia and severe osteolytic lesions are rare complications of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in childhood. We report a case of a 3 years old boy who presented with prolonged fever, nausea, vomiting and increasing lower limbs pain. Skeletal X-rays and CT scan showed severe ...

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2017

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Blinatumomab for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.
 

Author(s): Hagop Kantarjian, Elias Jabbour, Max S Topp

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2017 06;376(23):e49.

 

Last Updated: 7 Jun 2017

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Confirmation of involvement of new variants at CDKN2A/B in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia susceptibility in the Spanish population.
 

Author(s): Angela Gutierrez-Camino, Idoia Martin-Guerrero, Nagore Garcia de Andoin, Ana Sastre, Ana Carbone Bañeres, Itziar Astigarraga, Aurora Navajas, Africa Garcia-Orad

Journal:

 

The locus CDKN2A/B (9p21.3), which comprises the tumor suppressors genes CDKN2A and CDKN2B and the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) known as ANRIL (or CDKN2B-AS), was associated with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) susceptibility in several genome wide association studies ...

Last Updated: 8 May 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Acute lymphoblastic leukemia" returned 214 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

CD19-Targeted CAR T cells as novel cancer immunotherapy for relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
 

Author(s): Marco L Davila, Renier J Brentjens

Journal: Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2016 Oct;14(10):802-808.

 

Immunotherapy has demonstrated significant potential for the treatment of patients with chemotherapy-resistant hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. One type of immunotherapy involves the adoptive transfer of T cells that have been genetically modified with a chimeric antigen ...

Last Updated: 8 Dec 2016

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Complete response of extramedullary relapse in breast of acute T lymphoblastic leukemia after bone marrow transplantation to chemoradiotherapy: a case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Bailong Liu, Bin Liu, Xu Wang, Liang Guo, Xiaoliang Liu, Wei Han, Lihua Dong, Min Liu

Journal:

 

Relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) occurring in the breast after allografting is extremely rare, with only 22 reported cases in the literature thus far. Further, the lack of a systemic analysis provides little information about this entity. We present a case of isolated ...

Last Updated: 10 Nov 2016

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Osteonecrosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
 

Author(s): Marina Kunstreich, Sebastian Kummer, Hans-Juergen Laws, Arndt Borkhardt, Michaela Kuhlen

Journal: Haematologica. 2016 Nov;101(11):1295-1305.

 

The morbidity and toxicity associated with current intensive treatment protocols for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood become even more important as the vast majority of children can be cured and become long-term survivors. Osteonecrosis is one of the most common therapy-related ...

Last Updated: 15 Oct 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

D-ALBA Frontline Sequential Dasatinib and Blinatumomab in Adult Philadelphia Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

 

Last Updated: 21 Nov 2016

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Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children and Adolescents
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Pediatric

 

Last Updated: 25 Jul 2017

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Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Children and Adolescents With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2016

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