Adult congenital heart disease

Common Name(s)

Adult congenital heart disease

Adult congenital heart disease (CHD) is a heart abnormality that is present at birth (congenital) but causes complications in adulthood. The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood to all the tissues in your body through a network of blood vessels. The right side of the heart pumps blood through the lungs where it picks up oxygen. The left side of the heart receives the blood containing oxygen and pumps it to the rest of your body. Different types of CHDs include defects in the walls of the heart (known as a hole in the heart), which can cause oxygenated blood to mix with deoxygenated blood; defects in the valves between the chambers of the heart, which may cause abnormal blood flow; and heart muscle abnormalities, which can lead to heart failure. Most CHDs first appear while a baby is still developing in the womb.

Symptoms of a CHD may occur in adulthood for two reasons: they may recur many years after the initial repair or the CHD may be mild enough not to cause complications during infancy but can evolve into a more serious issue as an adult. Common CHD symptoms may include an abnormal heart rhythm, a bluish tint to the skin, shortness of breath, tiring quickly when active, dizziness, fainting, and development of swollen body tissues or organs.

To diagnose adult CHD, a physician will conduct a physical exam and several diagnostic tests. These may include an echocardiogram (image of the heart produced by sound waves), electrocardiogram (measurement of electrical activity in the heart), MRI (image of the heart produced by magnetic field and radio frequency), chest x-ray (electromagnetic image of the heart), or cardiac catheterization (measurement of blood flow and pressure in the heart). Treatment of CHD depends on the severity, as some mild heart defects do not require treatment while others may need medication or surgery. Talk with a physician about the right treatment for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Adult congenital heart disease" for support, advocacy or research.

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Congenital Heart Information Network

C.H.I.N. is a national organization that provides reliable information, advocacy, support services, financial assistance and resources to families of children with congenital heart defects and acquired heart disease, and adults with congenital heart defects.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Adult congenital heart disease" for support, advocacy or research.

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Congenital Heart Information Network

C.H.I.N. is a national organization that provides reliable information, advocacy, support services, financial assistance and resources to families of children with congenital heart defects and acquired heart disease, and adults with congenital heart defects.

http://tchin.org

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Adult congenital heart disease" returned 97 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Nationwide Hospitalization Trends in Adult Congenital Heart Disease Across 2003-2012.
 

Author(s): Shikhar Agarwal, Karan Sud, Venu Menon

Journal:

 

We aimed to assess trends in hospitalization, outcomes, and resource utilization among patients admitted with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD).

Last Updated: 20 Jan 2016

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An uncommon variant of cyanotic congenital heart disease in a young adult female: a rare case of right pulmonary artery to left atrial fistula (PALAF).
 

Author(s): Ram Sundar Twayana, Sanjaya Humagain, Rajendra Koju, Kriti Subas Joshi, Robin Man Karmarcharya, Sajana Kc, Navaraj Poudel

Journal:

 

Cyanotic congenital heart disease is not a rare entity, but fistula between the right pulmonary artery and the left atrium is an uncommon vascular anomaly. Although it is a real challenge to diagnose the case, detailed clinical evaluation and selective investigations are keys for ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2015

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Survival Prospects and Circumstances of Death in Contemporary Adult Congenital Heart Disease Patients Under Follow-Up at a Large Tertiary Centre.
 

Author(s): Gerhard-Paul Diller, Aleksander Kempny, Rafael Alonso-Gonzalez, Lorna Swan, Anselm Uebing, Wei Li, Sonya Babu-Narayan, Stephen J Wort, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Michael A Gatzoulis

Journal: Circulation. 2015 Dec;132(22):2118-25.

 

Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients have ongoing morbidity and reduced long-term survival. Recently, the importance of specialized follow-up at tertiary ACHD centers has been highlighted. We aimed to assess survival prospects and clarify causes of death in a large cohort ...

Last Updated: 1 Dec 2015

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Adult congenital heart disease" returned 21 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

COCATS 4 Task Force 14: Training in the Care of Adult Patients With Congenital Heart Disease.
 

Author(s): Carole A Warnes, Ami B Bhatt, Curtis J Daniels, Linda D Gillam, Karen K Stout

Journal: J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.. 2015 May;65(17):1887-98.

 

Last Updated: 7 May 2015

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Call for a disease-specific patient-reported outcome tool in adult congenital heart disease.
 

Author(s): Ari M Cedars, John A Spertus

Journal: Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2014 Nov;7(6):971-4.

 

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2014

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Safety and tolerability evaluation of oral bosentan in adult congenital heart disease associated pulmonary arterial hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): L Guo, Y-J Liu, Z-L Xie

Journal: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2014 ;18(5):638-45.

 

In this study, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of oral bosentan in adult congenital heart disease associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (CHD-PAH) to evaluate its safety and tolerability.

Last Updated: 26 Mar 2014

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

There are currently no related results available in Genetic Testing Registry.

 
 
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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Northwest Adult Congenital Heart Disease Observatory
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 7 Sep 2016

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Start-to-Sport - Home-based Exercise for Adolescents and Adults With Congenital Heart Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Defect

 

Last Updated: 18 Mar 2016

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Last Updated: 21 Dec 2015

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