Arachnoiditis

Common Name(s)

Arachnoiditis

Arachnoiditis describes a pain disorder caused by the inflammation of the arachnoid, one of the membranes that surround and protect the nerves of the spinal cord. The arachnoid can become inflamed because of an irritation from chemicals, infection from bacteria or viruses, as the result of direct injury to the spine, chronic compression of spinal nerves, or complications from spinal surgery or other invasive spinal procedures. Inflammation can sometimes lead to the formation of scar tissue and adhesions, which cause the spinal nerves to ÒstickÓ together. If arachnoiditis begins to interfere with the function of one or more of these nerves, it can cause a number of symptoms, including numbness, tingling, and a characteristic stinging and burning pain in the lower back or legs. Arachnoiditis is difficult to treat and long-term outcomes are unpredictable.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Arachnoiditis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Arachnoiditis" returned 50 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Treatment of syringomyelia associated with adhesive arachnoiditis].
 

Author(s): A A Zuev, V B Lebedev, N V Pedyash, D S Epifanov, R S Levin

Journal: Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. ;81(3):39-47.

 

The prevalence of syringomyelia (SM) caused by adhesive arachnoiditis (AA) is 2 to 4 cases per 100000 population. Surgical treatment of this pathology usually includes implantation of shunts into the cyst cavity or opening and drainage of the cavity. In this case, SM continues to ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Spinal Arachnoiditis as a Complication of Cryptococcal Meningoencephalitis in Non-HIV Previously Healthy Adults.
 

Author(s): Anil A Panackal, Mika Komori, Peter Kosa, Omar Khan, Dima A Hammoud, Lindsey B Rosen, Sarah K Browne, Yen-Chih Lin, Elena Romm, Charu Ramaprasad, Bettina C Fries, John E Bennett, Bibiana Bielekova, Peter R Williamson

Journal: Clin. Infect. Dis.. 2017 Feb;64(3):275-283.

 

Cryptococcus can cause meningoencephalitis (CM) among previously healthy non-HIV adults. Spinal arachnoiditis is under-recognized, since diagnosis is difficult with concomitant central nervous system (CNS) pathology.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Adhesive arachnoiditis in mixed connective tissue disease: a rare neurological manifestation.
 

Author(s): Maria Usman Khan, James Anthony Joseph Devlin, Alexander Fraser

Journal:

 

The overall incidence of neurological manifestations is relatively low among patients with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). We recently encountered a case of autoimmune adhesive arachnoiditis in a young woman with 7 years history of MCTD who presented with severe back pain ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Arachnoiditis" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Flexible endoscopy in surgical treatment of spinal adhesive arachnoiditis and arachnoid cysts].
 

Author(s): A A Kashcheev, S O Arestov, A O Gushcha

Journal: Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko. 2013 ;77(5):44-54; discussion 54-5.

 

Thecaloscopy is less invasive exploration of spinal subarachnoid space with ultra-thin flexible endoscope and endoscopic fenestration of scars and adhesions. Thecalopscopy was used in Russian neurosurgery at the first time. Since 2009 we operated 32 patients with following diagnosis: ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Severe adhesive arachnoiditis resulting in progressive paraplegia following obstetric spinal anaesthesia: a case report and review.
 

Author(s): T Killeen, A Kamat, D Walsh, A Parker, A Aliashkevich

Journal: Anaesthesia. 2012 Dec;67(12):1386-94.

 

A 27-year-old woman developed severe adhesive arachnoiditis after an obstetric spinal anaesthetic with bupivacaine and fentanyl, complicated by back pain and headache. No other precipitating cause could be identified. She presented one week postpartum with communicating hydrocephalus ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Syringomyelia and arachnoid cysts associated with spinal arachnoiditis following subarachnoid hemorrhage.
 

Author(s): Shunsuke Ishizaka, Kentaro Hayashi, Munehiro Otsuka, Shuji Fukuda, Keishi Tsunoda, Ryujiro Ushijima, Naoki Kitagawa, Kazuhiko Suyama, Izumi Nagata

Journal: Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo). 2012 ;52(9):686-90.

 

A 66-year-old woman with primary Sjogren syndrome developed syringomyelia following two episodes of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to the rupture of basilar artery aneurysms. Gait disturbance and abnormal sensation with pain over the foot and abdomen appeared 3 years after the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

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