Arthritis

Common Name(s)

Arthritis

Arthritis is the inflammation of a joint (the point where two bones fit together). There are many types of arthritis and each one has its own cause and symptoms. Typically, all forms of arthritis are associated with symptoms that include pain, stiffness, swelling, redness, and decreased range of motion in the joint that usually gets worse with age. Severe arthritis that affects the hands and arms may make it difficult to do daily tasks while arthritis that affects the knees or ankles may make it difficult to walk or stand. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of the hard tissue that covers and protects the ends of bones (cartilage). Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes the body’s immune system to attack the lining of joints (synovium).

Risk factors for arthritis include a family history of arthritis, increasing age, previous joint injury, obesity and gender, as women are more likely than men to develop RA. Causes of other forms of arthritis include a build up of uric acid crystals in the joint, infections, or underlying disease, such as psoriasis or lupus. Your doctor may use a physical exam, imaging, lab tests and video assessment of your joints to diagnosis arthritis. Imaging can include an X-ray and an MRI to get a detailed look at the joint and cartilage. Doctors may also perform arthroscopy, which uses a small video camera inserted into a small cut near the affected joint to obtain images of the affected area. Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are treatments that help reduce symptoms. These include pain medications, therapy and surgery. If you or someone in your family has been diagnosed with arthritis, talk with a doctor to determine the best treatment plan.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

http://www.sclero.org/

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

http://www.uspainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Arthritis" returned 14899 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Health Care Provider Counseling for Physical Activity or Exercise Among Adults with Arthritis - United States, 2002 and 2014.
 

Author(s): Jennifer M Hootman, Louise B Murphy, John D Omura, Teresa J Brady, Michael Boring, Kamil E Barbour, Charles G Helmick

Journal:

 

Arthritis affects an estimated 54 million U.S. adults and, as a common comorbidity, can contribute arthritis-specific limitations or barriers to physical activity or exercise for persons with diabetes, heart disease, and obesity (1). The American College of Rheumatology's osteoarthritis ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Aerobic capacity over 16 years in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: Relationship to disease activity and risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
 

Author(s): Kristina Hörnberg, Björn Sundström, Lena Innala, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist, Solveig Wållberg-Jonsson

Journal:

 

The aim of this study was to analyse the change in aerobic capacity from disease onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over 16.2 years, and its associations with disease activity and cardiovascular risk factors. Twenty-five patients (20 f/5 m), diagnosed with RA 1995-2002 were tested ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Mitochondrial haplogroups in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: No association with disease and disease manifestations.
 

Author(s): Pernille Hurup Duhn, Jacob Sode, Christian Munch Hagen, Michael Christiansen, Henning Locht

Journal:

 

To describe the distribution of specific mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups (hgs) in a cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Arthritis" returned 1789 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Efficacy and safety of selective glucocorticoid receptor modulators in comparison to glucocorticoids in arthritis, a systematic review.
 

Author(s): M Safy, M J H de Hair, J W G Jacobs, F Buttgereit, M C Kraan, J M van Laar

Journal:

 

Long-term treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs) plays an important role in the management of arthritis patients, although the efficacy/safety balance is unfavorable. Alternatives with less (severe) adverse effects but with good efficacy are needed. Selective GC receptor modulators ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pain and other self-report scores in patients with osteoarthritis indicate generally similar disease burden to patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Author(s): Jacquelin R Chua, Kathryn A Gibson, Theodore Pincus

Journal: Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.. ;35 Suppl 107(5):88-93.

 

Osteoarthritis (OA) is regarded as a less severe form of arthritis than rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by health professionals and the general public, based largely on laboratory findings of autoantibodies and acute phase reactants. Relatively few studies have reported data from the patient's ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Open issues in the assessment and management of pain in juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
 

Author(s): Gabriella Giancane, Alessandra Alongi, Silvia Rosina, Serena Calandra, Alessandro Consolaro, Angelo Ravelli

Journal: Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.. ;35 Suppl 107(5):123-126.

 

Pain is the major symptom of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and its reduction is a key goal of treatment. It is widely agreed that assessment of pain is a fundamental component of the rheumatology evaluation and should be carried out at each clinic visit. However, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

CPMC Early Undifferentiated Arthritis Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 31 Jan 2017

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INCMNSZ - Rheumatoid Arthritis Cohort
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Early Rheumatoid Arthritis; Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2018

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NEUROIMPA - Intraarticular Application of Opioids in Chronic Arthritis of the Knee Joint
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Knee Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 15 Nov 2016

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