Arthritis

Common Name(s)

Arthritis

Arthritis is the inflammation of a joint (the point where two bones fit together). There are many types of arthritis and each one has its own cause and symptoms. Typically, all forms of arthritis are associated with symptoms that include pain, stiffness, swelling, redness, and decreased range of motion in the joint that usually gets worse with age. Severe arthritis that affects the hands and arms may make it difficult to do daily tasks while arthritis that affects the knees or ankles may make it difficult to walk or stand. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Osteoarthritis is caused by the breakdown of the hard tissue that covers and protects the ends of bones (cartilage). Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes the body’s immune system to attack the lining of joints (synovium).

Risk factors for arthritis include a family history of arthritis, increasing age, previous joint injury, obesity and gender, as women are more likely than men to develop RA. Causes of other forms of arthritis include a build up of uric acid crystals in the joint, infections, or underlying disease, such as psoriasis or lupus. Your doctor may use a physical exam, imaging, lab tests and video assessment of your joints to diagnosis arthritis. Imaging can include an X-ray and an MRI to get a detailed look at the joint and cartilage. Doctors may also perform arthroscopy, which uses a small video camera inserted into a small cut near the affected joint to obtain images of the affected area. Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are treatments that help reduce symptoms. These include pain medications, therapy and surgery. If you or someone in your family has been diagnosed with arthritis, talk with a doctor to determine the best treatment plan.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Arthritis" for support, advocacy or research.

International Scleroderma Network

Our mission is to provide stellar worldwide research, support, education and awareness for scleroderma and related illnesses.

http://www.sclero.org/

Last Updated: 18 Apr 2010

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US Pain Foundation

US Pain Foundation is created by people with pain for people with pain. As a 501 (c)3 non-profit organization dedicated to serving those who live with pain conditions and their care providers, U.S. Pain Foundation exists to help individuals find resources and inspiration.
Our mission is simple: to educate, connect, inform, advocate and empower those living with pain. In addition we work to educate the public on pain issues and to raise awareness on pain in America. We recognize and validate the 100 million Americans who battle pain every day by offering positive programs that empower and ed

http://www.uspainfoundation.org

Last Updated: 24 Sep 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Arthritis" returned 15518 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Maintenance of low disease activity and remission with etanercept-disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) combination therapy compared with treatment with DMARDs alone in Latin American patients with active rheumatoid arthritis: Subset analysis of a randomized trial.
 

Author(s): Cristiano A F Zerbini, Carlos Abud-Mendoza, Paul Mendez-Patarroyo, Mauricio De Angelo Andrade, Ron Pedersen, Bonnie Vlahos, Cecilia Elena Borlenghi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(36):e11989.

 

Current guidelines on the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) recommend early therapy targeting the achievement of low disease activity (LDA) or clinical remission. Little published information is available on the success of this treatment strategy in Latin America. In a subset ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Multidrug-resistance Acinetobacter baumannii pneumonia in a rheumatoid arthritis patient receiving tumor necrosis factor inhibitor: A case report.
 

Author(s): Shu-Yi Lin, Zheng-Hao Huang, Hsiang-Cheng Chen, Deh-Ming Chang, Chun-Chi Lu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(33):e11730.

 

Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) pneumonia with severe sepsis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who is predisposed after treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFI), is a rare severe infection and can be successfully treated with prompt antibiotics.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Integrative effect of yoga practice in patients with knee arthritis: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Yiguo Wang, Shibi Lu, Ruomei Wang, Peng Jiang, Feng Rao, Bo Wang, Yong Zhu, Yihe Hu, Jianxi Zhu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(31):e11742.

 

Benefits of yoga practice in patients with knee osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis remains controversial. This study performs a meta-analysis to quantify the efficiency of yoga exercise for patients pain reduction, functional recovery, and general wellbeing.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Arthritis" returned 1915 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Bone quality, and the combination and penetration of cement-bone interface: A comparative micro-CT study of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Author(s): Yuanzheng Song, Fahao Zhu, Feng Lin, Feng Zhang, Shuaigong Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Aug;97(35):e11987.

 

To compare the microstructure, bone quality, and the combination and penetration of cement-bone interface in tissue specimens from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).A total of 80 femoral condyle tissue specimens from 20 OA patients (40 condyles) and 20 ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Toxoplasmosis seroprevalence in rheumatoid arthritis patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Zahra Hosseininejad, Mehdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Afsaneh Amouei, Seyed Abdollah Hosseini, Tooran Nayeri Chegeni, Davood Anvari, Reza Saberi, Shaban Gohardehi, Azadeh Mizani, Mitra Sadeghi, Ahmad Daryani

Journal:

 

Toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan infection caused by an intracellular obligatory protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii. Infection to this parasite in immunocompetent patients is usually asymptomatic, but today it is believed that the infection can be a risk factor for a variety of diseases, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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One year in review 2018: novelties in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
 

Author(s): Alessandra Bortoluzzi, Federica Furini, Elena Generali, Ettore Silvagni, Nicoletta Luciano, Carlo Alberto Scirè

Journal: Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.. ;36(3):347-361.

 

The current approach to treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) includes early and aggressive intervention aiming to reach early and persistent low disease activity and remission. New drugs have improved the therapeutic armamentarium of rheumatologists, providing new options for patients. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

CPMC Early Undifferentiated Arthritis Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 23 Jan 2018

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INCMNSZ - Rheumatoid Arthritis Cohort
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Early Rheumatoid Arthritis; Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 9 Jan 2018

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A Nutrition Intervention for Arthritis -3 (WCCR-ARTH3)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatoid Arthritis

 

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2018

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