Nocturnal enuresis or urinary incontinence, also known as bedwetting, is common in children, and not a cause of concern in children under the age of 6-7. Symptoms of bedwetting include: bedwetting after a period of being dry, painful urination, pink urine, or unusual thirst. Causes may include: urinary tract infection, constipation, sleep apnea, diabetes, a small bladder, stress, and hormone imbalances. Bedwetting can affect both boys and girls, but is twice as common in boys. If both of your parents wet the bed, there is an 80% chance that you will too, and ADHD increases your risk of bedwetting. Diagnosis includes urine tests and X-Rays of the kidneys and bladder. Most children grow out of bedwetting, but moisture alarms and medications can also be used as treatment.