Bronchiectasis

Common Name(s)

Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis is a condition in which the tubes that carry air to the lungs slowly lose their ability to clear out mucus due to widening and scarring. As the mucus builds up, bacteria have the opportunity to grow. This bacterial growth leads to repeated, serious lung infections, causing damage to the airways. Over time, the airways can't move enough air in and out of the lungs, which may lead to the body’s vital organs not receiving enough oxygen.

Symptoms of this condition may include long-term (chronic) coughing, coughing up large amounts of mucus, wheezing, chest pain, shortness of breath, clubbing (where the skin beneath the nails becomes thicker), weight loss, and fatigue.

Bronchiectasis has two forms: congenital, which results from a problem with the lung development in a fetus, or acquired, which results from a viral or bacterial infection of the lungs. Lung (pulmonary) conditions including cystic fibrosis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and COPD have also been known to cause bronchiectasis.

This condition is typically diagnosed when an affected individual expresses their symptoms to the doctor. Using a physical exam, a chest X-ray, and other pulmonary function exams, the doctor can make an official diagnosis. Although there is no cure at this time, there are many treatment options available. The use of antibiotics and mucus-thinning medications can be used to treat infections and help lessen the amount of mucus in the lungs. Bronchodilators, oxygen therapy, and physical therapy have been useful to increase airflow to the lungs. In more serious cases, there are also surgical options available.

Although bronchiectasis is manageable, leaving the condition untreated could result in further lung damage. If you or someone you know is experiencing the symptoms of bronchiectasis, it is important to contact your doctor as soon as possible to discuss the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Bronchiectasis" for support, advocacy or research.

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COPD Foundation

The mission of the COPD Foundation is to develop and support programs which improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Bronchiectasis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
COPD Foundation

The mission of the COPD Foundation is to develop and support programs which improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

http://www.copdfoundation.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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General Resources

Bronchiectasis Research Registry

The Bronchiectasis Research Registry is a consolidated database of non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis patients and Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) patients from multiple clinical institutions.

Uploaded By: COPD Foundation

Updated 21 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Bronchiectasis" returned 641 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Bronchiectasis and Recurrent Respiratory Infections with a Gain-of-Function Variant: First Case in Korea.
 

Author(s): Hee Jae Huh, Byung Woo Jhun, Sae Rom Choi, Yae Jean Kim, Sun Ae Yun, Eliel Nham, Taehwan Kong, Chang Seok Ki, Won Jung Koh

Journal: Yonsei Med. J.. 2018 Oct;59(8):1004-1007.

 

Bronchiectasis is a chronic disease characterized by airway infection and inflammation, leading to permanent dilation of the bronchi. Evaluation of underlying etiology is important in managing young bronchiectasis patients with recurrent infections caused by unusual pathogens. The ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pulmonary hemangioma mimicking bronchiectasis: A case report.
 

Author(s): Wei Li, Tong Xin, Yuxin Hu, Peng Gao, Mo Chen, Jie Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(25):e11203.

 

Pulmonary hemangioma is a rare thoracic condition that can lead to hemoptysis. Here we report a case that presented with lumen dilatation suggestive of bronchiectasis on high-resolution computed tomography (CT) and was misdiagnosed as bronchiectasis for more than 10 years.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Bronchiectasis" returned 56 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Role of the Immune Response in the Pathogenesis of Bronchiectasis.
 

Author(s): Paul T King

Journal:

 

Bronchiectasis is a prevalent respiratory condition characterised by permanent and abnormal dilation of the lung airways (bronchi). There are a large variety of causative factors that have been identified for bronchiectasis; all of these compromise the function of the immune response ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Fungi in Bronchiectasis: A Concise Review.
 

Author(s): Luis Máiz, Rosa Nieto, Rafael Cantón, Elia Gómez G de la Pedrosa, Miguel Ángel Martinez-García

Journal:

 

Although the spectrum of fungal pathology has been studied extensively in immunosuppressed patients, little is known about the epidemiology, risk factors, and management of fungal infections in chronic pulmonary diseases like bronchiectasis. In bronchiectasis patients, deteriorated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A pediatric disease to keep in mind: diagnostic tools and management of bronchiectasis in pediatric age.
 

Author(s): Marcella Gallucci, Emanuela di Palmo, Luca Bertelli, Federica Camela, Giampaolo Ricci, Andrea Pession

Journal:

 

Bronchiectasis in pediatric age is a heterogeneous disease associated with significant morbidity.The most common medical conditions leading to bronchial damage are previous pneumonia and recurrent lower airway infections followed by underlying diseases such as immune-deficiencies, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Value of Inhaled Treatment With Aztreonam Lysine in Bronchiectasis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Bronchiectasis Adult

 

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2018

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The Establishment of China Bronchiectasis Registry and Research Collaboration
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Bronchiectasis

 

Last Updated: 23 Aug 2018

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Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine on Bronchiectasis Patients
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Bronchiectasis

 

Last Updated: 17 Feb 2018

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