Carotid artery disease

Common Name(s)

Carotid artery disease

Carotid artery disease is a condition characterized by the narrowing of the arteries located between the heart and the head (carotid arteries). The narrowing is caused by a buildup of a fatty substance (plaque) on the walls of the arteries (atherosclerosis). This situation is very dangerous because blood flow to the brain can be reduced or even stopped, causing a stroke. When having a stroke, the brain does not get enough oxygen. Strokes are common causes of permanent disability and death.

Unfortunately, there are not many symptoms of the early stages of the disease. Many people will not know they have the disease until they have a stroke. Sometimes blood flow to the brain will only be blocked temporarily and will cause a “mini-stroke” (transient ischemic attack or TIA). Symptoms of strokes and TIAs include: trouble seeing or speaking, dizziness, severe headaches, and sudden weakness or numbness in the face and limbs, usually only affecting one side of the body.

There are many risk factors for carotid artery disease. The disease is more common in older individuals. Carotid artery disease is also more common if there is a family history of the disease. Other risk factors include obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, diabetes, and high blood-fat levels. If you have spells where you stop breathing at night (sleep apnea), you also may be at risk of a stroke.

To diagnose carotid artery disease, your doctor will ask you about your family’s medical history and perform a physical exam. They may also use imaging tests, such as ultrasounds and MRIs, to get a better view of your arteries. Treatment of carotid artery disease may include healthy lifestyle changes, medication, or surgery. Research is ongoing, so if you have been diagnosed with coronary artery disease, talk to your doctor and specialists about the most current treatment options. Support groups can help connect you with others living with coronary artery disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Carotid artery disease" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Carotid artery disease" returned 367 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The association of the circle of Willis anomaly and risk of stroke in patients with carotid artery disease.
 

Author(s): Eylem Özaydın Göksu, Pınar Koç, Elif Küçükseymen, Ali Ünal, Fatma Genç, Elif Sarıönder Gencer, Aylin Yaman

Journal: Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2017 Jul;75(7):429-432.

 

In this retrospective study, we analyzed 175 patients who presented at our outpatient stroke clinic between January, 2013 and June, 2015 with either unilateral symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid artery disease, and who had had CT angiography imaging performed. Demographic properties, ...

Last Updated: 26 Jul 2017

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Carotid artery disease and periprocedural stroke risk after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
 

Author(s): Parthasarathy D Thirumala, Sruthi Muluk, Reshmi Udesh, Amol Mehta, John Schindler, Suresh Mulukutla, Vinodh Jeevanantham, Lawrence Wechsler, Thomas Gleason

Journal: Ann Card Anaesth. ;20(2):145-151.

 

To examine the role of carotid stenosis (CS) and other independent risk factors of perioperative stroke, following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

Last Updated: 10 Apr 2017

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Carotid arterial wall inflammation in peripheral artery disease is augmented by type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Sophie J Bernelot Moens, Robert M Stoekenbroek, Fleur M van der Valk, Simone L Verweij, Mark J W Koelemay, Hein J Verberne, Max Nieuwdorp, Erik S G Stroes

Journal:

 

Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) are at increased risk of secondary events, which is exaggerated in the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is associated with a systemic pro-inflammatory state. We therefore investigated the cumulative impact of PAD and type ...

Last Updated: 26 Nov 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Carotid artery disease" returned 36 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Endovascular prevention and treatment of stroke related to extracranial carotid artery disease.
 

Author(s): Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Gary B Rajah, Hakeem J Shakir, Jason M Davies, Kenneth V Snyder, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, L Nelson Hopkins

Journal: J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2017 Feb;58(1):35-48.

 

Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the leading cause of premature mortality and morbidity worldwide for both men and women. Extracranial carotid artery stenosis/occlusion is responsible for approximately 11.5% of ischemic strokes, whereas extracranial large vessel disease comprises roughly ...

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2016

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Asymptomatic carotid artery disease: A personalized approach to management.
 

Author(s): Aldo L Schenone, Aaron Cohen, Mehdi H Shishehbor

Journal: Cleve Clin J Med. 2015 Dec;82(12):855-63.

 

Asymptomatic carotid artery disease is relatively common and poses a challenge for internists as well as vascular specialists when deciding whether to pursue surgical endarterectomy, percutaneous stenting, or medical therapy alone. The authors review the management of asymptomatic ...

Last Updated: 15 Dec 2015

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Management of extracranial carotid artery disease.
 

Author(s): Yinn Cher Ooi, Nestor R Gonzalez

Journal: Cardiol Clin. 2015 Feb;33(1):1-35.

 

Stroke is the third leading cause of death in developed nations. Up to 88% of strokes are ischemic in nature. Extracranial carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is the third leading cause of ischemic stroke in the general population and the second most common nontraumatic cause among ...

Last Updated: 2 Dec 2014

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 12 Jun 2017

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SVS VQI TransCarotid Revascularization Surveillance Project
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Carotid Artery Disease

 

Last Updated: 7 Feb 2017

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The CREST-2 Registry
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Carotid Artery Diseases

 

Last Updated: 7 Sep 2017

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