Carotid artery disease

Common Name(s)

Carotid artery disease

Carotid artery disease is a condition characterized by the narrowing of the arteries located between the heart and the head (carotid arteries). The narrowing is caused by a buildup of a fatty substance (plaque) on the walls of the arteries (atherosclerosis). This situation is very dangerous because blood flow to the brain can be reduced or even stopped, causing a stroke. When having a stroke, the brain does not get enough oxygen. Strokes are common causes of permanent disability and death.

Unfortunately, there are not many symptoms of the early stages of the disease. Many people will not know they have the disease until they have a stroke. Sometimes blood flow to the brain will only be blocked temporarily and will cause a “mini-stroke” (transient ischemic attack or TIA). Symptoms of strokes and TIAs include: trouble seeing or speaking, dizziness, severe headaches, and sudden weakness or numbness in the face and limbs, usually only affecting one side of the body.

There are many risk factors for carotid artery disease. The disease is more common in older individuals. Carotid artery disease is also more common if there is a family history of the disease. Other risk factors include obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, diabetes, and high blood-fat levels. If you have spells where you stop breathing at night (sleep apnea), you also may be at risk of a stroke.

To diagnose carotid artery disease, your doctor will ask you about your family’s medical history and perform a physical exam. They may also use imaging tests, such as ultrasounds and MRIs, to get a better view of your arteries. Treatment of carotid artery disease may include healthy lifestyle changes, medication, or surgery. Research is ongoing, so if you have been diagnosed with coronary artery disease, talk to your doctor and specialists about the most current treatment options. Support groups can help connect you with others living with coronary artery disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Carotid artery disease" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Carotid artery disease" returned 277 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban compared with warfarin in patients with carotid artery disease and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: Insights from the ROCKET AF trial.
 

Author(s): Ajar Kochar, Anne S Hellkamp, Yuliya Lokhnygina, W Schuyler Jones, Richard C Becker, Scott D Berkowitz, Günter Breithardt, Keith A A Fox, Jonathan L Halperin, Graeme J Hankey, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Christopher C Nessel, Daniel E Singer, Jonathan P Piccini, Manesh R Patel

Journal: Clin Cardiol. 2018 Jan;41(1):39-45.

 

Atrial fibrillation (AF) increases risk of stroke 5-fold. Carotid artery disease (CD) also augments the risk of stroke, yet there are limited data about the interplay of these 2 diseases and clinical outcomes in patients with comorbid AF and CD.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Transcarotid Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement as Preferred Alternative Access in a Patient With Bilateral Carotid Artery Disease.
 

Author(s): Puja B Parikh, Shang Loh, Luis Gruberg, Neal Patel, Jonathan Weinstein, Henry Tannous, Thomas Bilfinger

Journal: J Invasive Cardiol. 2018 01;30(1):E9-E10.

 

A 78-year-old man presented with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis and a heavily calcified, stenotic aortic valve. Given multiple comorbidities, the heart team agreed on a transcatheter approach via the left common carotid artery.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Relationship between large artery elasticity function and coronary heart disease, lower extremity arterial disease in patients with carotid plaque].
 

Author(s): H Liu, H Y Wang, J B Liu, H W Zhao, Y Y Zhou, L H Li

Journal: Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. 2017 Dec;49(6):1027-1033.

 

To evaluate the relationship between large artery elastic function and coronary heart disease (CHD) or lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) in patients with carotid plaque.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Carotid artery disease" returned 33 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Epicardial adipose tissue and carotid artery disease: Protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Leonardo Roever, Elmiro Santos Resende, Angélica Lemos Debs Diniz, Nilson Penha-Silva, João Lucas O'Connell, Paulo Fernando Silva Gomes, Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Anaisa Silva Roerver-Borges, Fernando César Veloso, Fernanda Rodrigues de Souza, Poliana Rodrigues Alves Duarte, Thiago Montes Fidale, Antonio Casella-Filho, Paulo Magno Martins Dourado, Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Paulo Eduardo Ocke Reis, Rogério de Melo Costa Pinto, Gustavo B F Oliveira, Álvaro Avezum, Mansueto Neto, André Durães, Rose Mary Ferreira Lisboa da Silva, Antonio José Grande, Celise Denardi, Renato Delascio Lopes, Nitesh Nerlekar, Shahab Alizadeh, Adrian V Hernandez, Maria Inês da Rosa, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai,

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(17):e0273.

 

Atherosclerosis is now widely recognized as a multifactorial disease with outcomes that arise from complex factors such as plaque components, blood flow, and inflammation. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a metabolically active fat depot, abundant in proinflammatory cytokines, and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Approach to concurrent coronary and carotid artery disease: Epidemiology, screening and treatment.
 

Author(s): Patrícia Feitosa Frota Dos Reis, Pedro Vieira Linhares, Fábio Grunspun Pitta, Eduardo Gomes Lima

Journal: Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2017 Nov;63(11):1012-1016.

 

The concomitance between coronary artery disease and carotid artery disease is known and well documented. However, it is a fact that, despite the screening methods for these conditions and the advances in surgical treatment, little has been achieved in terms of reducing the risk of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Selective-versus-Standard Poststent Dilation for Carotid Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): O Petr, W Brinjikji, M H Murad, B Glodny, G Lanzino

Journal: AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 May;38(5):999-1005.

 

The safety and efficacy of standard poststent angioplasty in patients undergoing carotid artery stent placement have not been well-established.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 10 Oct 2018

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Radiation-associated Carotid Artery Disease in Patients With Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma; Carotid Artery Diseases

 

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2018

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Hemodynamics and Autonomic and Cognitive Performance After Carotid Revascularization Procedures
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Carotid Artery Diseases

 

Last Updated: 3 Apr 2018

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