Carotid artery disease

Common Name(s)

Carotid artery disease

Carotid artery disease is a condition characterized by the narrowing of the arteries located between the heart and the head (carotid arteries). The narrowing is caused by a buildup of a fatty substance (plaque) on the walls of the arteries (atherosclerosis). This situation is very dangerous because blood flow to the brain can be reduced or even stopped, causing a stroke. When having a stroke, the brain does not get enough oxygen. Strokes are common causes of permanent disability and death.

Unfortunately, there are not many symptoms of the early stages of the disease. Many people will not know they have the disease until they have a stroke. Sometimes blood flow to the brain will only be blocked temporarily and will cause a “mini-stroke” (transient ischemic attack or TIA). Symptoms of strokes and TIAs include: trouble seeing or speaking, dizziness, severe headaches, and sudden weakness or numbness in the face and limbs, usually only affecting one side of the body.

There are many risk factors for carotid artery disease. The disease is more common in older individuals. Carotid artery disease is also more common if there is a family history of the disease. Other risk factors include obesity, smoking, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, diabetes, and high blood-fat levels. If you have spells where you stop breathing at night (sleep apnea), you also may be at risk of a stroke.

To diagnose carotid artery disease, your doctor will ask you about your family’s medical history and perform a physical exam. They may also use imaging tests, such as ultrasounds and MRIs, to get a better view of your arteries. Treatment of carotid artery disease may include healthy lifestyle changes, medication, or surgery. Research is ongoing, so if you have been diagnosed with coronary artery disease, talk to your doctor and specialists about the most current treatment options. Support groups can help connect you with others living with coronary artery disease.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Carotid artery disease" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Carotid artery disease" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Carotid artery disease" returned 379 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The association of the circle of Willis anomaly and risk of stroke in patients with carotid artery disease.
 

Author(s): Eylem Özaydın Göksu, Pınar Koç, Elif Küçükseymen, Ali Ünal, Fatma Genç, Elif Sarıönder Gencer, Aylin Yaman

Journal: Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2017 Jul;75(7):429-432.

 

In this retrospective study, we analyzed 175 patients who presented at our outpatient stroke clinic between January, 2013 and June, 2015 with either unilateral symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid artery disease, and who had had CT angiography imaging performed. Demographic properties, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Physical Activity and Characteristics of the Carotid Artery Wall in High-Risk Patients-The SMART (Second Manifestations of Arterial Disease) Study.
 

Author(s): H Myrthe Boss, Yolanda van der Graaf, Frank L J Visseren, Renske M Van den Berg-Vos, Michiel L Bots, Gert Jan de Borst, Maarten J Cramer, L Jaap Kappelle, Mirjam I Geerlings,

Journal:

 

Physical activity reduces the risk of vascular disease. This benefit is not entirely explained through an effect on vascular risk factors. We examined the relationship of physical activity and characteristics of the carotid artery wall in patients with vascular disease or risk factors.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Current smoking is associated with extracranial carotid atherosclerotic stenosis but not with intracranial large artery disease.
 

Author(s): Ruijun Ji, Yuesong Pan, Hongyi Yan, Runhua Zhang, Gaifen Liu, Penglian Wang, Yilong Wang, Hao Li, Xingquan Zhao, Yongjun Wang,

Journal:

 

Accumulating evidence has shown that cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for ischemic stroke. However, it is not clear about the potential mechanisms through which cigarette smoking affects stroke risk. In the study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between cigarette ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Carotid artery disease" returned 40 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Epicardial adipose tissue and carotid artery disease: Protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Leonardo Roever, Elmiro Santos Resende, Angélica Lemos Debs Diniz, Nilson Penha-Silva, João Lucas O'Connell, Paulo Fernando Silva Gomes, Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Anaisa Silva Roerver-Borges, Fernando César Veloso, Fernanda Rodrigues de Souza, Poliana Rodrigues Alves Duarte, Thiago Montes Fidale, Antonio Casella-Filho, Paulo Magno Martins Dourado, Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Paulo Eduardo Ocke Reis, Rogério de Melo Costa Pinto, Gustavo B F Oliveira, Álvaro Avezum, Mansueto Neto, André Durães, Rose Mary Ferreira Lisboa da Silva, Antonio José Grande, Celise Denardi, Renato Delascio Lopes, Nitesh Nerlekar, Shahab Alizadeh, Adrian V Hernandez, Maria Inês da Rosa, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai,

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(17):e0273.

 

Atherosclerosis is now widely recognized as a multifactorial disease with outcomes that arise from complex factors such as plaque components, blood flow, and inflammation. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a metabolically active fat depot, abundant in proinflammatory cytokines, and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Approach to concurrent coronary and carotid artery disease: Epidemiology, screening and treatment.
 

Author(s): Patrícia Feitosa Frota Dos Reis, Pedro Vieira Linhares, Fábio Grunspun Pitta, Eduardo Gomes Lima

Journal: Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2017 Nov;63(11):1012-1016.

 

The concomitance between coronary artery disease and carotid artery disease is known and well documented. However, it is a fact that, despite the screening methods for these conditions and the advances in surgical treatment, little has been achieved in terms of reducing the risk of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Selective-versus-Standard Poststent Dilation for Carotid Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): O Petr, W Brinjikji, M H Murad, B Glodny, G Lanzino

Journal: AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 May;38(5):999-1005.

 

The safety and efficacy of standard poststent angioplasty in patients undergoing carotid artery stent placement have not been well-established.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 17 Apr 2018

Go to URL
Radiation-associated Carotid Artery Disease in Patients With Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma; Carotid Artery Diseases

 

Last Updated: 13 Jun 2018

Go to URL
Hemodynamics and Autonomic and Cognitive Performance After Carotid Revascularization Procedures
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Carotid Artery Diseases

 

Last Updated: 3 Apr 2018

Go to URL