Cervical Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Cervical Dystonia

Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. Most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. Tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur.  The turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders.  Cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. It often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. Treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 118 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

INTEREST IN CD2, a global patient-centred study of long-term cervical dystonia treatment with botulinum toxin.
 

Author(s): Vijay P Misra, Carlo Colosimo, David Charles, Tae Mo Chung, Pascal Maisonobe, Savary Om,

Journal: J. Neurol.. 2018 Feb;265(2):402-409.

 

Longitudinal cohort studies provide important information about the clinical effectiveness of an intervention in the routine clinical setting, and are an opportunity to understand how a population presents for treatment and is managed.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The Effect of Botulinum Toxin on Network Connectivity in Cervical Dystonia: Lessons from Magnetoencephalography.
 

Author(s): Abhimanyu Mahajan, Abdullah Alshammaa, Andrew Zillgitt, Susan M Bowyer, Peter LeWitt, Patricia Kaminski, Christos Sidiropoulos

Journal:

 

Pharmacological management of cervical dystonia (CD) is considered to be symptomatic in effect, rather than targeting the underlying pathophysiology of the disease. Magnetoencephalography (MEG), a direct measure of neuronal activity, while accepted as a modality for pre-surgical mapping ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Cervical sensorimotor control in idiopathic cervical dystonia: A cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Joke De Pauw, Rudy Mercelis, Ann Hallemans, Sarah Michiels, Steven Truijen, Patrick Cras, Willem De Hertogh

Journal:

 

Patients with idiopathic adult-onset cervical dystonia (CD) experience an abnormal head posture and involuntary muscle contractions. Although the exact areas affected in the central nervous system remain uncertain, impaired functions in systems stabilizing the head and neck are apparent ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 9 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cervical dystonia: a neural integrator disorder.
 

Author(s): Aasef G Shaikh, David S Zee, J Douglas Crawford, Hyder A Jinnah

Journal: Brain. 2016 10;139(Pt 10):2590-2599.

 

Ocular motor neural integrators ensure that eyes are held steady in straight-ahead and eccentric positions of gaze. Abnormal function of the ocular motor neural integrator leads to centripetal drifts of the eyes with consequent gaze-evoked nystagmus. In 2002 a neural integrator, analogous ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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British Neurotoxin Network recommendations for managing cervical dystonia in patients with a poor response to botulinum toxin.
 

Author(s): Marie-Helene Marion, Miles Humberstone, Richard Grunewald, Sunil Wimalaratna

Journal: Pract Neurol. 2016 Aug;16(4):288-95.

 

Botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections are an effective treatment for cervical dystonia. Approximately 20% of patients eventually stop BoNT treatment, mostly because of treatment failure. These recommendations review the different therapeutic interventions for optimising the treatment ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pain Relief in Cervical Dystonia with Botulinum Toxin Treatment.
 

Author(s): Carlos Henrique Ferreira Camargo, Lígia Cattai, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive

Journal:

 

Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by intermittent or sustained muscle contractions that cause abnormal, usually repetitive, movements and postures. Dystonic movements can be tremulous and twisting and often follow a pattern. They are frequently associated with overflow ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 1 Aug 2018

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Last Updated: 6 Oct 2017

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