Cervical Dystonia

Common Name(s)

Cervical Dystonia

Cervical dystonia is a focal dystonia characterized by excessive pulling of the muscles of the neck and shoulder resulting in abnormal movements of the head. Most commonly, the head turns to one side or the other. Tilting sideways, or to the back or front may also occur.  The turning or tilting movements may be accompanied by tremor and/or soreness of the muscles of the neck and shoulders.  Cervical dystonia can occur at any age, although most individuals first experience symptoms in middle age. It often begins slowly and usually reaches a plateau over a few months or years. Treatment may include local intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin, analgesics, benzodiazepines (anti-anxiety medications), anticholinergics, physical therapy, or surgery.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical Dystonia" for support, advocacy or research.

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation

The Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation was established in 1995 to find better treatments and cures for the movement disorders dystonia and Parkinson's disease and to provide medical and patient information.

https://www.dystonia-parkinson.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 113 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Spectral EMG Changes in Cervical Dystonia Patients and the Influence of Botulinum Toxin Treatment.
 

Author(s): S W R Nijmeijer, E de Bruijn, R Verhagen, P A Forbes, D J Kamphuis, R Happee, M A J Tijssen, J H T M Koelman

Journal:

 

Botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections in the dystonic muscles is the preferred treatment for Cervical Dystonia (CD), but the proper identification of the dystonic muscles remains a challenge. Previous studies showed decreased 8-14 Hz autospectral power in the electromyography (EMG) of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Evaluation of the Edrophonium Challenge Test for Cervical Dystonia.
 

Author(s): Shinichi Matsumoto, Nagahisa Murakami, Hidetaka Koizumi, Masatoshi Takahashi, Yuishin Izumi, Ryuji Kaji

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2017 Sep;56(18):2415-2421.

 

Objective To examine whether or not an edrophonium challenge test is useful for diagnosing cervical dystonia. Patients We evaluated 10 patients with cervical dystonia and 10 with hemifacial spasms (disease controls). We administered edrophonium and saline in this double-blinded study. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Ixcellence Network®: an international educational network to improve current practice in the management of cervical dystonia or spastic paresis by botulinum toxin injection.
 

Author(s): Klemens Fheodoroff, Roongroj Bhidayasiri, Luis Jorge Jacinto, Tae Mo Chung, Kailash Bhatia, Therese Landreau, Carlo Colosimo

Journal: Funct. Neurol.. ;32(2):103-110.

 

Botulinum toxin is a well-established treatment for a number of conditions involving muscle hyperactivity, such as focal dystonia and spastic paresis. However, current injection practice is not standardized and there is a clear need for structured training. An international group ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cervical Dystonia" returned 8 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

British Neurotoxin Network recommendations for managing cervical dystonia in patients with a poor response to botulinum toxin.
 

Author(s): Marie-Helene Marion, Miles Humberstone, Richard Grunewald, Sunil Wimalaratna

Journal: Pract Neurol. 2016 Aug;16(4):288-95.

 

Botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections are an effective treatment for cervical dystonia. Approximately 20% of patients eventually stop BoNT treatment, mostly because of treatment failure. These recommendations review the different therapeutic interventions for optimising the treatment ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pain Relief in Cervical Dystonia with Botulinum Toxin Treatment.
 

Author(s): Carlos Henrique Ferreira Camargo, Lígia Cattai, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive

Journal:

 

Dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by intermittent or sustained muscle contractions that cause abnormal, usually repetitive, movements and postures. Dystonic movements can be tremulous and twisting and often follow a pattern. They are frequently associated with overflow ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Relevance of sonography for botulinum toxin treatment of cervical dystonia: an expert statement.
 

Author(s): Axel Schramm, Tobias Bäumer, Urban Fietzek, Susanne Heitmann, Uwe Walter, Wolfgang H Jost

Journal: J Neural Transm (Vienna). 2015 Oct;122(10):1457-63.

 

Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT A) is the first-line treatment for cervical dystonia. However, although BoNT A has a favorable safety profile and is effective in the majority of patients, in some cases the treatment outcome is disappointing or side effects occur when higher doses are ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 6 Oct 2017

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Assessment of Brain Activities in Cervical Dystonia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Dystonia

 

Last Updated: 30 Apr 2018

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Last Updated: 17 Feb 2018

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