Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

Common Name(s)

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, Cervical dysplasia

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), also known as cervical dysplasia, refers to abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) in a female that opens at the top of the vagina. These changes in the cervical cells can develop at any age, but they are most common in women ages to 25-35. The changes that occur as a result are not cancerous, but they can lead to cancer if the cervix is not treated.

The condition is most often caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is spread through sexual contact (please also see: HPV). Other risk factors include sexual activity prior to age 18, multiple sexual partners, having a baby before age 16, smoking and other illnesses or medications that weaken the immune system. There are usually no symptoms, but CIN can be detected through a pap smear and often need to be confirmed through a biopsy (a sampling of cells from the affected area). Treatment is only needed if changes do not go away or get worse for mild CIN. For moderate-to-severe dysplasia a doctor may have to freeze abnormal cells, laser therapy, or surgery to remove the abnormal tissue. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment cures most cases of cervical dysplasia. However, the condition may return. If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia talk to your doctor about treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Beautiful You MRKH Foundation, Inc.

The mission of the Beautiful You MRKH Foundation is to create a supportive community that partners with health care professionals to increase awareness and empower women of all ages with MRKH to feel beautiful, just as they are.

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Beautiful You MRKH Foundation, Inc.

The mission of the Beautiful You MRKH Foundation is to create a supportive community that partners with health care professionals to increase awareness and empower women of all ages with MRKH to feel beautiful, just as they are.

https://www.beautifulyoumrkh.org/

Last Updated: 12 Feb 2016

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia" returned 517 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Translation and cultural adaptation of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD) to evaluate quality of life in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
 

Author(s): Cristiane Menezes Sirna Fregnani, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Eliane Marçon Barroso, Mayara Goulart de Camargos, Audrey Tieko Tsunoda, Adhemar Longatto-Filho, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva

Journal: Einstein (Sao Paulo). ;15(2):155-161.

 

To translate and perform the cultural adaptation of the tool Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (FACIT-CD) to the Portuguese language.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2017

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Intracellular signaling entropy can be a biomarker for predicting the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
 

Author(s): Masakazu Sato, Kei Kawana, Katsuyuki Adachi, Asaha Fujimoto, Mitsuyo Yoshida, Hiroe Nakamura, Haruka Nishida, Tomoko Inoue, Ayumi Taguchi, Juri Ogishima, Satoko Eguchi, Aki Yamashita, Kensuke Tomio, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Katsutoshi Oda, Takeshi Nagamatsu, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii

Journal:

 

While the mortality rates for cervical cancer have been drastically reduced after the introduction of the Pap smear test, it still is one of the leading causes of death in women worldwide. Additionally, studies that appropriately evaluate the risk of developing cervical lesions are ...

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2017

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Clinical analysis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia with vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia.
 

Author(s): Yue He, Qun Zhao, Yu-Ning Geng, Shu-Li Yang, Cheng-Hong Yin, Yu-Mei Wu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Apr;96(17):e6700.

 

The purpose of this prospective cohort study is to evaluate the importance of screening and its diagnostic accuracy compared with the pathological diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) with vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN).The prospective study enrolled 419 ...

Last Updated: 26 Apr 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia" returned 28 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The vaginal microbiota, human papillomavirus infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: what do we know and where are we going next?
 

Author(s): Anita Mitra, David A MacIntyre, Julian R Marchesi, Yun S Lee, Phillip R Bennett, Maria Kyrgiou

Journal:

 

The vaginal microbiota plays a significant role in health and disease of the female reproductive tract. Next-generation sequencing techniques based upon the analysis of bacterial 16S rRNA genes permit in-depth study of vaginal microbial community structure to a level of detail not ...

Last Updated: 2 Nov 2016

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Natural history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in pregnancy: postpartum histo-pathologic outcome and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Mariella Mailath-Pokorny, Richard Schwameis, Christoph Grimm, Alexander Reinthaller, Stephan Polterauer

Journal:

 

To study the natural history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) during pregnancy and to compare the rates of persistence, progression and regression of CIN by colposcopically guided biopsy (CGB) during pregnancy with outcome in non-pregnant-women.

Last Updated: 8 Apr 2016

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Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of benefits and harms of cryotherapy, LEEP, and cold knife conization to treat cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
 

Author(s): Nancy Santesso, Reem A Mustafa, Wojtek Wiercioch, Rohan Kehar, Shreyas Gandhi, Yaolong Chen, Adrienne Cheung, Jessica Hopkins, Rasha Khatib, Bin Ma, Ahmad A Mustafa, Nancy Lloyd, Darong Wu, Nathalie Broutet, Holger J Schünemann

Journal: Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2016 Mar;132(3):266-71.

 

Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) stage 2-3 is a premalignant lesion that can progress to cervical cancer in 10-20 years if untreated.

Last Updated: 29 Feb 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Effect of Curcumin in Treatment of Squamous Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasias (CINs)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

 

Last Updated: 16 Mar 2016

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Physical Cold Atmospheric Plasma for the Treatment of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

 

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2017

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Testing Use of Condoms on Regression of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

 

Last Updated: 19 Sep 2016

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