Angina

Common Name(s)

Angina, Angina pectoris, Chest pain

Angina is a type of chest pain caused by coronary heart disease, where blood flow to the heart is limited by clogged arteries. Blood carries and other nutrients throughout our body so if not enough blood gets to the heart muscle, the heart will not have enough oxygen to work properly. Angina is usually described as discomfort, heaviness, pressure, tightness, aching or squeezing and is often mistaken for indigestion. Angina is usually felt in the chest, but may be felt in the jaw, shoulders, back, arm or neck. Angina is an underlying symptom of heart disease, but is not a disease in and of itself. Angina should not be ignored because it could be the sign of a heart attack. If you have unexplained chest pain, seek medical attention.

Risk factors for angina include previous personal or family history of heart disease or heart attack. Men over 45 years of age and women over 55 are also at an increased risk. Other factors which increase an individual’s risk for experiencing angina include tobacco use, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or triglycerides, lack of exercise, obesity and high levels of stress

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To diagnose angina, a physician will perform a physical exam and ask about the history of heart disease in your family. More tests might be required to diagnose heart disease, such as blood tests and imaging (e.g. x-rays). Lifestyle changes can help prevent angina. Eating large meals, stressful situations and exercising very hard can bring on episodes of angina. Medications such a nitroglycerin are commonly used to treat angina and can be taken to relieve pain. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with angina, talk to your physician or cardiologist (heart doctor) about the most current treatments.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Angina" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Angina" returned 2517 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Should we consider IgG hypogammaglobulinemia a risk factor for severe complications of Ludwig angina?: A case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Orville V Baez-Pravia, Miriam Díaz-Cámara, Oscar De La Sen, Carlos Pey, Mercedes Ontañón Martín, Luis Jimenez Hiscock, Begoña Morató Bellido, Ángel Luis Córdoba Sánchez

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 11;96(47):e8708.

 

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis (CNF) and descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) are rare forms of complication of Ludwig angina. These potentially lethal infections are difficult to recognize in early stages and are often associated with predisposing factors like diabetes and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Plasmatic MicroRNA Signatures in Elderly People with Stable and Unstable Angina.
 

Author(s): Yuxia Cui, Junxian Song, Sufang Li, Chongyou Lee, Feng Zhang, Hong Chen

Journal: Int Heart J. 2018 Jan;59(1):43-50.

 

We aimed to investigate the distinctive miRNA profiles in the plasma of elderly patients with unstable angina (UA) and stable angina (SA), and to find more effective markers of UA in elderly people. We compared miRNA expression levels in plasma samples from 10 elderly patients with ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Doppler Versus Thermodilution-Derived Coronary Microvascular Resistance to Predict Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction or Stable Angina Pectoris.
 

Author(s): Rupert P Williams, Guus A de Waard, Kalpa De Silva, Matthew Lumley, Kaleab Asrress, Satpal Arri, Howard Ellis, Awais Mir, Brian Clapp, Amedeo Chiribiri, Sven Plein, Paul F Teunissen, Maurits R Hollander, Michael Marber, Simon Redwood, Niels van Royen, Divaka Perera

Journal: Am. J. Cardiol.. 2018 Jan;121(1):1-8.

 

Coronary microvascular resistance is increasingly measured as a predictor of clinical outcomes, but there is no accepted gold-standard measurement. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of 2 invasive indices of microvascular resistance, Doppler-derived hyperemic microvascular resistance ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Angina" returned 216 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effect of ivabradine on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with stable angina: meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.
 

Author(s): Hayelom Gebrekirstos Mengesha, Berhe Weldearegawi, Pammala Petrucka, Tadese Bekele, Mala George Otieno, Abraha Hailu

Journal:

 

Although there are established drugs for treatment of cardiovascular diseases, due to adverse effects these drugs may not be clinically applicable to all patients. Recent trends have seen the emergence of drugs which act on funny current channels to induce selective heart rate reduction. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A Chinese patent medicine Salvia miltiorrhiza depside salts for infusion combined with conventional treatment for patients with angina pectoris: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Yili Zhang, Yanming Xie, Xing Liao, Qiulei Jia, Yan Chai

Journal: Phytomedicine. 2017 Feb;25():100-117.

 

Currently, many trials have been conducted to investigate the beneficial and harmful effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza depside salts for infusion for treating patients with angina pectoris. It is important to systematically and criticallyevaluate the existing literature into providing ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Salvianolate injection in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Dan Zhang, Jiarui Wu, Shi Liu, Xiaomeng Zhang, Bing Zhang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Dec;95(51):e5692.

 

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Salvianolate injection in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris (UAP).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2017

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Cardiac Rehabilitation in Patients With Refractory Angina
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Refractory Angina

 

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2017

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Research on the Clinical Effect of Shuanghe Decoction in Treating Unstable Angina.
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Unstable Angina

 

Last Updated: 5 Jun 2017

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