Chilaiditi Syndrome

Common Name(s)

Chilaiditi Syndrome

Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare condition where a portion of the large intestine, called the transverse colon, loops upward and becomes settled between the diaphragm (the muscle that controls breathing) and the liver (an organ that aids in digestion), causing symptoms such as this abdominal pain, constipation, shortness of breath, and nausea. The colon is normally located completely below the liver. To have the syndrome, a person must have symptoms as well as an out of place colon. A person without symptoms is considered to have a "Chilaiditi's sign," which requires no treatment unless it develops into the syndrome. The exact cause for sign and syndrome are not known, but the elderly, especially those with certain lung or liver diseases, such as emphysema or cirrhosis, may be more prone to the condition. It is also thought that the condition may be caused by a weakened, or absent ligament that holds the colon in its usual position. The syndrome is easily diagnosed with a chest x-ray or CT-scan. Curing Chilaiditi syndrome involves returning the colon back to its normal position. Initial treatment is usually conservative: a combination of bed rest, fluid therapy, bowel decompression and enemas. If this is ineffective, surgeons can move the colon back into place and anchor it to the abdominal wall, preventing syndrome reoccurrence.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chilaiditi Syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Chilaiditi Syndrome" returned 8 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

 Chilaiditi syndrome. An uncommon cause of crampy, upper abdominal pain.
 

Author(s): Francesco Guerra, Riccardo Sacchetti

Journal: Ann Hepatol. ;15(5):773-4.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Chilaiditi syndrome in a newborn, in a case report].
 

Author(s): Sangwa Milindi Cedrick, Kitembo Feruzi Maruis, Kakinga Zabibu Mireille, Mukonda Sompo Nelly, Muhau Pfutila Patience, Mapatano Shem, Cham Lubamba Chamy, Monga Kalenga Josephine

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Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dyspnoea caused by a Chilaiditi syndrome: contribution of the non-invasive ventilation.
 

Author(s): Ahmed Belkouch, Abderrahim Htit, Saad Zidouh, Lahcen Belyamani

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Chilaiditi Syndrome" returned 1 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Chilaiditi syndrome precipitated by colonoscopy: a case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Amy X Yin, Gavin H Park, Gwendolyn M Garnett, John F Balfour

Journal: Hawaii J Med Public Health. 2012 Jun;71(6):158-62.

 

Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare condition defined by the presence of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with the radiological finding of segmental interposition of the bowel between the liver and the diaphragm. While it is infrequently indentified as a source of abdominal pain, Chilaiditi ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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