Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Common Name(s)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease that makes breathing difficult. COPD is a general term describing several progressive lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory (non-reversible) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis. COPD is usually symptom free at first; but as the lung damage increases, symptoms begin to appear and then worsen over time. Symptoms of COPD may include coughing that produces large amounts of mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. COPD is caused by long-term exposure to lung irritants such as cigarette smoke and pollutants as well as genetic factors, including alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency.

With COPD, less air flows in and out of the airways because of one or more of the following: the airways and air sacs of the lungs lose their elastic quality, the walls between many of the air sacs are destroyed, the walls of the airways become thick and inflamed, and/or the airways make more mucus than usual, which can clog them. COPD may be diagnosed using a noninvasive breathing test called spirometry. Spirometry can detect COPD before symptoms begin, and your doctor may advise you to be screened regularly for COPD if you have a history of smoking, exposure to toxins, fumes or pollutants or have a genetic predisposition to or family history of COPD. Your physician may order other tests to rule out other lung conditions and to determine the best treatment for your stage of COPD. Treatment includes medications and lung therapy. Surgery is sometimes necessary for those with severe emphysema. Although there is currently no cure for COPD, treatments and lifestyle changes can help patients feel better, stay more active, and slow the progress of the disease. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with COPD, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" for support, advocacy or research.

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COPD Foundation

The mission of the COPD Foundation is to develop and support programs which improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
COPD Foundation

The mission of the COPD Foundation is to develop and support programs which improve the quality of life through research, education, early diagnosis, and enhanced therapy for persons whose lives are impacted by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

http://www.copdfoundation.org

Last Updated: 25 Mar 2013

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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General Resources

COPD Research Registry

The COPD Research Registry is a confidential database of individuals diagnosed with COPD or at risk of developing COPD who have consented to be contacted for participation in COPD research studies and clinical trials.

Uploaded By: COPD Foundation

Updated 21 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" returned 3715 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnostic value of fractional exhaled nitric oxide for asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome.
 

Author(s): Yuanyuan Guo, Chunlin Hong, Yanhong Liu, Huinuan Chen, Xiaohua Huang, Minli Hong

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(23):e10857.

 

To examine the difference in the fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with asthma-COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS) and patients with Non-ACOS COPD (Non-ACOS) and to investigate the correlation between FeNO levels and the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Efficacy of budesonide/formoterol and tiotropium combination for the treatment of Chinese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
 

Author(s): Jun-Fei Feng, Guo-Rong Ding, Yan-Zhong Xie, Dejun Zhao, Xuehui Wang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10841.

 

This study investigated the efficacy and safety of budesonide/formoterol (B/F) and tiotropium combination in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Chinese patients.Between January 2015 and November 2017, 113 eligible Chinese patients with COPD were included ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Acute respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
 

Author(s): Shruti K Gadre, Abhijit Duggal, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Sudhir Krishnan, Xiao-Feng Wang, Katrina Zell, Jorge Guzman

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(17):e0487.

 

There are limited data on the epidemiology of acute respiratory failure necessitating mechanical ventilation in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The prognosis of acute respiratory failure requiring invasive mechanical ventilation is believed to be ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" returned 737 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Tools for physical activity assessment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].
 

Author(s): Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Cristian C├ęspedes, Jordi Vilar├│, Roberto Vera-Uribe, Marcelo Cano-Cappellacci, Diego Vargas

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Dec;145(12):1588-1596.

 

The prevalence and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing in Chile, constituting a public health problem. Pulmonary and systemic consequences of COPD affect physical activity, as the disease progresses. There are multiple means for physical activity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the global population with HIV: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Jean Joel Bigna, Angeladine Malaha Kenne, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Aurelie T Sibetcheu

Journal: Lancet Glob Health. 2018 02;6(2):e193-e202.

 

In recent years, the concept has been raised that people with HIV are at risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) because of HIV infection. However, much remains to be understood about the relationship between COPD and HIV infection. We aimed to investigate ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Singing for adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
 

Author(s): Renae J McNamara, Charlotte Epsley, Esther Coren, Zoe J McKeough

Journal:

 

Singing is a complex physical activity dependent on the use of the lungs for air supply to regulate airflow and create large lung volumes. In singing, exhalation is active and requires active diaphragm contraction and good posture. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Active for Life: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

 

Last Updated: 17 Aug 2017

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Imaging of Apoptosis in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

 

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2017

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Cardiovascular Risk and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

 

Last Updated: 11 Jan 2017

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