Crohn's disease of the esophagus
is a rare type of Crohn’s disease (an inflammatory disease affecting the intestinal tract) in which there is a ulcer present in the esophagus, the food pipe of the human body. Symptoms include erosions and inflammation of the esophagus, difficulty swallowing, bleeding, and chest pains. This diagnosis should be considered in individuals with a diagnosis of Crohn's disease that develop symptoms involving the esophagus. Treatment includes drugs or surgery and is mostly aimed at reducing symptoms of inflammation. Crohn’s disease of the esophagus may be under-diagnosed and a biopsy may be required if the individual is experiencing esophageal symptoms. The exact cause of Crohn's disease or esophageal Crohn's disease is unknown, but it is thought to involve both genetic and environmental factors as it does appear to run in some families. Please talk your doctor if you have Crohn’s disease and feel as if you may have symptoms of Crohn’s disease of the esophagus. Please also see Crohn’s disease.