Dandruff

Common Name(s)

Dandruff

Dandruff is a condition that causes the skin on the top of the head (scalp) to shed dry flakes. Dandruff is typically not a serious condition, but it can be irritating. The main symptom of dandruff is white, oily flakes of dead skin in the hair and on the shoulder. The scalp may also itch. The condition tends to be worse during fall and winter when indoor heating tends to dry out the skin. Babies can get a special type of dandruff, called cradle cap, that can last until 3 years of age.

There are several causes of dandruff, including dry skin, oily skin, not shampooing enough, having a yeast-like fungus called malassezia on the scalp, or sensitivity to hair-care products. Risk factors include age (dandruff is common in young and middle aged people), gender (dandruff is more common in males), and having oily hair. Dandruff can usually be treated easily at home using a shampoo made to treat dandruff. Not all dandruff shampoos are the same, so it is best to test out different types and see which one works best. The different types of dandruff shampoos include zinc pyrithione, tar-based, salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, and ketoconazole shampoo. If you have dandruff, talk with your doctor to discuss which treatment option is best for you.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dandruff" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dandruff" returned 19 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[How I treat … dandruff using a shampoo with a sulfate-free tensio-active].
 

Author(s): P Reygagne, G E Piérard, G Loussouarn, N Le Nôtre, S Ziane

Journal: Rev Med Liege. 2016 Sep;71(9):365-370.

 

A new formulation of an anti-dandruff shampoo containing a surfactant devoid of a sulfate-type anionic part has been assessed in vivo in 41 subjects. Introducing a welltried agent, the 0.5 % piroctone olamine confers to this shampoo a high anti-dandruff efficacy, a reduction in the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dandruff is associated with the conjoined interactions between host and microorganisms.
 

Author(s): Zhijue Xu, Zongxiu Wang, Chao Yuan, Xiaoping Liu, Fang Yang, Ting Wang, Junling Wang, Kenji Manabe, Ou Qin, Xuemin Wang, Yan Zhang, Menghui Zhang

Journal:

 

Dandruff is an unpleasant scalp disorder common to human populations. In this study, we systematically investigated the intra- and inter-associations among dandruff, physiological conditions such as sebum of the scalp, host demographics such as gender, age and the region of the scalp, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Exploration of scalp surface lipids reveals squalene peroxide as a potential actor in dandruff condition.
 

Author(s): Roland Jourdain, Alain Moga, Philippe Vingler, Charles El Rawadi, Florence Pouradier, Luc Souverain, Philippe Bastien, Nicolas Amalric, Lionel Breton

Journal: Arch. Dermatol. Res.. 2016 Apr;308(3):153-63.

 

Dandruff is a common but complex disorder with three major contributing factors: (1) individual predisposition, (2) scalp sebum and (3) Malassezia yeast colonization. To obtain further insights into the role of sebum in dandruff biogenesis, we analyzed scalp lipid species in a cohort ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dandruff" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[How I treat dandruff].
 

Author(s): C Piérard-Franchimont, G E Piérard

Journal: Rev Med Liege. 2013 Sep;68(9):436-9.

 

Dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis form a continuum of desquamative conditions associated with the excessive colonization of the stratum corneum by yeasts of the genus Malassezia spp. Such colonization is heterogeneous in density, ranging from discrete to abundant according to the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Malassezia fungi are specialized to live on skin and associated with dandruff, eczema, and other skin diseases.
 

Author(s): Charles W Saunders, Annika Scheynius, Joseph Heitman

Journal: PLoS Pathog.. 2012 ;8(6):e1002701.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.