Dementia

Common Name(s)

Dementia

Dementia is not a disease, but is a term that describes a loss of cognitive functioning, such as thinking, remembering, and reasoning, and behavioral abilities to the extent that it interferes with a person’s daily life. Many conditions cause dementia and symptoms may vary depending on the cause. However, common symptoms include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty planning and organizing, difficulty with motor functions, personality changes, disorientation, paranoia, inability to reason and inappropriate behavior. A physician can diagnose dementias after taking into account medical history and performance on a number of tests such as cognitive and neuropsychological tests, brain scans, blood tests, and psychiatric evaluation. Most types of dementia cannot be cured, however medication and occupational therapy can be used to manage symptoms.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dementia" for support, advocacy or research.

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Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center

The Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center was established by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) to provide information to health professionals, patients and their families and the public about Alzheimer's disease and other memory disorders.

http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2014

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Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration

The Association for Frontotemporal Degeneration (AFTD) is a nationwide non-profit organization whose mission is to promote and fund research into finding the cause and cure for the frontotemporal dementias; to provide information, education, and support to persons diagnosed with frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and their families and caregivers; and to educate physicians and allied health professionals about FTD.

http://www.theaftd.org

Last Updated: 8 Jul 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dementia" returned 5870 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A comparison of the effects between 2 computerized cognitive training programs, Bettercog and COMCOG, on elderly patients with MCI and mild dementia: A single-blind randomized controlled study.
 

Author(s): Goo Joo Lee, Heui Je Bang, Kyoung Moo Lee, Hyun Ho Kong, Hyeun Suk Seo, Minwoo Oh, Miyeon Bang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Nov;97(45):e13007.

 

A computerized cognitive rehabilitation program can be used to treat patients with mild cognitive impairment or dementia. We developed a new computerized cognitive rehabilitation program (Bettercog) that contained various treatment programs for cognitive training for mild cognitive ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Protocol for the IDEAL-2 longitudinal study: following the experiences of people with dementia and their primary carers to understand what contributes to living well with dementia and enhances active life.
 

Author(s): Barbora Silarova, Sharon M Nelis, Rosalie M Ashworth, Clive Ballard, Marta Bieńkiewicz, Catherine Henderson, Alexandra Hillman, John V Hindle, Julian C Hughes, Ruth A Lamont, Rachael Litherland, Ian R Jones, Roy W Jones, Martin Knapp, Piers Kotting, Anthony Martyr, Fiona E Matthews, Robin G Morris, Catherine Quinn, Jemma Regan, Jennifer M Rusted, Eleanor Ann van den Heuvel, Christina R Victor, Yu-Tzu Wu, Linda Clare

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There is a major need for longitudinal research examining the experiences of people with dementia and their primary carers, as relatively little is known about how the factors associated with capability to 'live well' vary over time. The main aim of the IDEAL-2 study is to investigate ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Hypoparathyroidism and early onset dementia: Fahr syndrome should be suspected].
 

Author(s): Ines Kechaou, Imène Boukhris

Journal:

 

Fahr syndrome is a rare disorder, whose prevalence is lower than 0.5%. Clinical manifestations are variable ranging from mere behavioral disorders to tetany crises and severe neuropsychiatric manifestations. It may be idiopathic or secondary to numerous causes dominated by phosphocalcium ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dementia" returned 1021 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Effect of acupuncture at 3-points for intelligence on vascular dementia: Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
 

Author(s): Weipeng Sun, Minying Li, Tong Lin, Zhizhong Sun, Yizi Xie, Shuliang Ji, Jietao Lin, Lin Wang, Chao Jia, Liang Zheng, Wei Wu, Danghan Xu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Oct;97(42):e12892.

 

Vascular dementia (VD) is a commonly-seen disease in the elderly. What is more, "Acupuncture at 3-points for intelligence" is one of the most important components of "Jin's three-needle therapy" created by Rui Jin, a professor of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, which can ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Quality of Life in Patients with Dementia with Lewy Bodies.
 

Author(s): Chuo-Yu Lee, Shih-Jung Cheng, Hui-Chi Lin, Yu-Lu Liao, Pei-Hao Chen

Journal:

 

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a complex, multisymptom disorder. When making decisions regarding the treatment of DLB, the patient's quality of life (QoL) should always be the main consideration. To our knowledge, this is the first review article focusing on the QoL in DLB patients. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RBD) in Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB).
 

Author(s): Po-Chi Chan, Hsun-Hua Lee, Chien-Tai Hong, Chaur-Jong Hu, Dean Wu

Journal:

 

Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia, with abnormal dream-enacting behavior during the rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. RBD is either idiopathic or secondary to other neurologic disorders and medications. Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the third most ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Research on the Early and Prognosis Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 11 May 2017

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A Trial of the C-TraC Intervention for Dementia Patients
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dementia

 

Last Updated: 7 Mar 2018

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