Demyelinating diseases are conditions resulting in damage to brain or nerves, which connects the muscles to the brain to create movement. These disorders specifically affect the protective covering that surrounds nerve fibers consequently causing neurological problems. Symptoms vary according to the disease location, however seizures, headaches, delirium, confusion or slurred speech most commonly occur. Some may also experience pain, numbness, vision, hearing, or bladder problems. Diagnostic tests vary depending on the specific condition, however most demyelinating diseases can be identified from a brain scan and nerve test. No cures exist for demyelinating diseases; the goal of treatment is management of symptoms. Treatment will often include medications and occupational ot physical therapy if needed.