Diabetes mellitus type 2

Common Name(s)

Diabetes mellitus type 2, Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar or glucose levels. Glucose is the main energy or fuel source for our body’s cells. Insulin helps our body’s cells take in the glucose from our bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes can result because the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or due to an inability of the body's cells to recognize insulin. Therefore lack of insulin or the inability of cells to recognize insulin results in increased or high blood glucose levels. Early symptoms may include an increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores or increased infections, and darkened areas of skin.

Rates of type 2 diabetes have gone up recently, especially in younger people, as obesity rates have also increased. Other risk factors include fat distributed mainly in the belly, inactivity, family history, race, and age. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels for an extended period of time can cause damage to blood vessels, the kidney, nerves, eyes, feet, skin and mouth, hearing, and greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular problems such as heart disease and heart attack. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, talk with your doctor about treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

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Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

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Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

http://www.diabeteshandsfoundation.org

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

http://www.tcoyd.org

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 2709 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Periodontal parameters in prediabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and non-diabetic patients.
 

Author(s): Mohammed Alasqah, Sameer Mokeem, Ali Alrahlah, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Tariq Abduljabbar, Zohaib Akram, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed

Journal:

 

The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical and radiographic periodontal parameters in prediabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and non-diabetic patients. Forty-one patients with prediabetes (Group 1), 43 patients with T2DM (Group 2), and 41 controls (Group 3) were ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Association between muscle strength and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults in Korea: Data from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHANES) VI.
 

Author(s): Mee-Ri Lee, Sung Min Jung, Hyuk Bang, Hwa Sung Kim, Yong Bae Kim

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(23):e10984.

 

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a significant chronic disease, and health burden from DM is increasing. Recently, studies on the relationship between handgrip strength, which is a measuring tool for muscle strength, and type 2 DM were published. However, the results have been conflicting. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Medication adherence and factors associated with poor adherence among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on follow-up at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya.
 

Author(s): Gabriel Waari, Joseph Mutai, Joseph Gikunju

Journal:

 

Medication non-adherence is a common problem facing health care providers treating adult type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Poor glycaemic control associated with increased morbidity and mortality are resulting consequences. The objective of this study was to assess medication adherence ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 397 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of metformin intake with bladder cancer risk and oncologic outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Jiao Hu, Jin-Bo Chen, Yu Cui, Ye-Wen Zhu, Wen-Biao Ren, Xu Zhou, Long-Fei Liu, He-Qun Chen, Xiong-Bing Zu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(30):e11596.

 

Recent clinical trials indicated that metformin intake might play a protective role in the incidence and oncologic outcomes of various cancers. However, its protective effect on bladder cancer remains uncertain.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Exercise and oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus].
 

Author(s): Carlos Poblete-Aro, Javier Russell-Guzmán, Pablo Parra, Marcelo Soto-Muñoz, Bastián Villegas-González, Cristián Cofré-Bolados, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2018 Mar;146(3):362-372.

 

Sedentarism, overweight and malnutrition generate an increase in the production of reactive oxygen species leading to a state of chronic oxidative stress. In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, oxidative stress alters pancreatic insulin secretion and the actions of the hormone ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Heart rate variability in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Thomas Benichou, Bruno Pereira, Martial Mermillod, Igor Tauveron, Daniela Pfabigan, Salwan Maqdasy, Frédéric Dutheil

Journal:

 

Cardiac autonomic neuropathy in type 2 dibetes mellitus (T2DM) patients is frequent and associated with high cardiovascular mortality. Heart rate variability (HRV) is the gold standard to measure cardiac autonomic neuropathy. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 21 Dec 2017

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Last Updated: 7 Aug 2018

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HbA1c Variability in Type II Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

 

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2017

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