Diabetes mellitus type 2

Common Name(s)

Diabetes mellitus type 2, Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which a person has high blood sugar or glucose levels. Glucose is the main energy or fuel source for our body’s cells. Insulin helps our body’s cells take in the glucose from our bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes can result because the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or due to an inability of the body's cells to recognize insulin. Therefore lack of insulin or the inability of cells to recognize insulin results in increased or high blood glucose levels. Early symptoms may include an increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores or increased infections, and darkened areas of skin.

Rates of type 2 diabetes have gone up recently, especially in younger people, as obesity rates have also increased. Other risk factors include fat distributed mainly in the belly, inactivity, family history, race, and age. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels for an extended period of time can cause damage to blood vessels, the kidney, nerves, eyes, feet, skin and mouth, hearing, and greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular problems such as heart disease and heart attack. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise aren't enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, talk with your doctor about treatment options. Support groups are also a good source of information and support.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diabetes mellitus type 2" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Diabetes Hands Foundation

We work to connect, engage, and empower people touched by diabetes while keeping in mind a vision of a world where people with diabetes and their loved ones do not feel alone, understand and manage a life with diabetes and work together towards a better future.

http://www.diabeteshandsfoundation.org

Last Updated: 6 Mar 2013

View Details
Logo
Taking Control of Your Diabetes

Guided by the belief that every person with diabetes has the right to live a healthy, happy, and productive life, Taking Control of Your Diabetes educates and motivates people with diabetes to take a more active role in their condition and provides innovative and integrative continuing diabetes education to medical professionals caring for people with diabetes.

http://www.tcoyd.org

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 2527 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Family history and renin-angiotensin system gene polymorphisms in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Yan-Hong Pan, Yan-Mei Huang, Yong-Chao Qiao, Wei Ling, Li-Jun Geng, Jian-Long Xiao, Xiao-Xi Zhang, Hai-Lu Zhao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(51):e9148.

 

A positive family history is recognized as an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the association of family history with rennin-angiotensin system (RAS) gene polymorphisms has not been reported yet, thus we aim to investigate it.Family history records, clinical ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
The polymorphism of rs266729 in adiponectin gene and type 2 diabetes mellitus: A Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Panpan Sun, Li Liu, Jiaxin Chen, Yuansi Chen, Litong Shi, Mustapha Umar Imam, Yanzi Chen, Xiaoting Pei, Yiping Xu, Yaxin Guo, Zhiguang Ping, Xiaoli Fu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(47):e8745.

 

Genome-wide association studies and meta-analyses indicate that the polymorphism of rs266729 in adiponectin gene increases the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, these study methods have not been able to identify the underlying genetic effect on the development of T2DM. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Association between the number of natural teeth and diabetic retinopathy among type 2 diabetes mellitus: The Korea national health and nutrition examination survey.
 

Author(s): Su Jeong Song, Kyungdo Han, Seong-Su Lee, Jun-Beom Park

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(47):e8694.

 

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the number of teeth and diabetic retinopathy among Korean population.This was a retrospective analysis using data of total 45,811 individuals who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Diabetes mellitus type 2" returned 361 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Gastric Contractility Modulation - a novel method for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity.
 

Author(s): Jarosław Kozakowski, Harold E Lebovitz, Wojciech Zgliczyński, Wiesław Tarnowski

Journal: Endokrynol Pol. 2017 ;68(5):579-584.

 

Because the majority of antidiabetic medications are of limited efficacy and patient compliance with treatment is usually poor, new therapies are still being searched for. In the review a newly developed system for treatment of subjects with type 2 diabetes and concomitant overweight/obesity ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
Outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary chronic total occlusions with versus without type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Qiang Wang, Hao Liu, Jiawang Ding

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Nov;96(45):e8499.

 

Nowadays, due to advanced techniques and well-trained interventionists in catheter labs, new scientific research has shown percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to be a safe treatment procedure in patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO). However, no study has systematically ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
EZSCAN for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, Andrea Ruiz-Alejos, J Jaime Miranda, Rohini Mathur, Pablo Perel, Liam Smeeth

Journal:

 

The EZSCAN is a non-invasive device that, by evaluating sweat gland function, may detect subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis including studies assessing the performance of the EZSCAN for detecting ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 21 Dec 2017

Go to URL

Last Updated: 11 Jan 2018

Go to URL
HbA1c Variability in Type II Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

 

Last Updated: 1 Jun 2017

Go to URL