Diverticulitis

Common Name(s)

Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis is a complication of diverticular disease. Diverticular disease is characterized by the formation of diverticula, or small out-pouchings and pockets, in the walls of the colon (the last segment of the gastrointestinal tract which digests and carries food through the body). Doctors still do not completely understand why these pockets form. These pockets may become infected by the normal bacteria located in the gastrointestinal tract though, resulting in diverticulitis. Symptoms of diverticulitis include belly pain, fever, chills, bloating, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, or a loss of appetite. These symptoms can last from a few hours to over a week. Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms and often includes antibiotics, which help the body fight bacteria that cause infections. Diverticulitis may also result in various complications, such as abscesses (pockets of bacteria growing within the body), which may require surgery. Diverticulitis may be prevented by drinking a sufficient amount of water, obtaining regular exercise, and eating a high-fiber diet.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Diverticulitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Diverticulitis" returned 325 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Duodenal diverticulitis: a difficult clinical problem.
 

Author(s): Houcine Maghrebi, Zoubeir Bensafta

Journal:

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Is there a role for procalcitonin in differentiating uncomplicated and complicated diverticulitis in order to reduce antibiotic therapy? A prospective diagnostic cohort study.
 

Author(s): Victor Jeger, Roxana Pop, Farschad Forudastan, Jean Pierre Barras, Markus Zuber, Rein Jan Piso

Journal:

 

While studies show that antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated diverticulitis seems to have no benefit, most experts advocate antimicrobial therapy for complicated diverticulitis. However, even for uncomplicated diverticulitis, most clinicians are very reluctant to withhold antibiotics. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Adherence to a Healthy Lifestyle is Associated With a Lower Risk of Diverticulitis among Men.
 

Author(s): Po-Hong Liu, Yin Cao, Brieze R Keeley, Idy Tam, Kana Wu, Lisa L Strate, Edward L Giovannucci, Andrew T Chan

Journal: Am. J. Gastroenterol.. 2017 Dec;112(12):1868-1876.

 

Diverticulitis is a common disease with high clinical burden. We evaluated the joint contribution of multiple lifestyle factors to risks of incident diverticulitis. We also estimated the proportion of diverticulitis preventable by lifestyle modifications.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Diverticulitis" returned 40 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A systematic review and meta-analysis of outpatient treatment for acute diverticulitis.
 

Author(s): S T van Dijk, K Bos, M G J de Boer, W A Draaisma, W A van Enst, R J F Felt, B R Klarenbeek, J A Otte, J B C M Puylaert, A A W van Geloven, M A Boermeester

Journal: Int J Colorectal Dis. 2018 May;33(5):505-512.

 

The shift from routine antibiotics towards omitting antibiotics for uncomplicated acute diverticulitis opens up the possibility for outpatient instead of inpatient treatment, potentially reducing the burden of one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases in the Western world.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Risk factors for complicated diverticulitis: systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): H E Bolkenstein, B J M van de Wall, E C J Consten, I A M J Broeders, W A Draaisma

Journal: Int J Colorectal Dis. 2017 Oct;32(10):1375-1383.

 

The aim of this systematic review is to identify risk factors that can predict complicated diverticulitis. Uncomplicated diverticulitis is a self-limiting and mild disease, but 10% of patients with diverticulitis develop complications requiring further treatment. It is important to ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Coloenteric fistula in a young patient with recurrent diverticulitis: A case report and review of the literature.
 

Author(s): D S Ahmad, E E Quist, G F Hutchins, I Bhat

Journal: Neth J Med. 2016 Oct;74(8):358-261.

 

The development of colonic diverticula is common in developed countries and complications of colonic diverticulosis are responsible for a remarkable burden of the disease. The natural history and management of complicated and recurrent diverticulitis in young patients are still a ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Damage Control Surgery in the Treatment of Complicated Diverticulitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Diverticulitis

 

Last Updated: 13 Dec 2017

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Last Updated: 19 Mar 2018

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Last Updated: 16 Jul 2018

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