Dysphagia

Common Name(s)

Dysphagia

Dysphagia refers to difficulty swallowing, such as due to pain or increased effort. Dysphagia is classified based on whether there is a muscular, nerve, or structural problem. These could be due to trauma, neuromuscular disorders, hardening or tightening of skin and connective tissue, or swelling of nearby structures. Other structural problems include obstruction of the throat or esophagus. Functional dysphagia occurs when patients have trouble swallowing with no clear cause.

About 15 million Americans are affected by dysphagia, with about 1 million new diagnoses each year. About half of all Americans over the age of 60 will experience dysphagia. In addition to the causes described above, health conditions such as stroke, degenerative neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s Disease or ALS, and cancer of the head and neck can all cause dysphagia.

Not all affected individuals will recognize that they have dysphagia. Dysphagia is important to diagnose because it increases the risk of pneumonia due to the introduction of food, saliva, and nasal secretions to the airway. Additionally, dysphagia may lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and kidney failure. Symptoms of dysphagia include an inability to control food or saliva in the mouth, coughing, choking, difficulty starting to swallow, recurrent pneumonia, weight loss, wet voice after swallowing, and nasal regurgitation. In severe cases, individuals may be unable to swallow solid food and there may be pain when trying to swallow.

Treatments for dysphagia include surgery, medication, and feeding tubes. In addition, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and diet modification may be suggested. If you are suffering from dysphagia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

http://www.agmd-gimotility.org

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 750 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Dysphagia lusoria: uncommon cause of dysphagia in children.
 

Author(s): Helena Moreira Silva, Gisela Silva, Rosa Lima

Journal: Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2018 09;110(9):600.

 

Dysphagia lusoria (lusus naturae, latin for "freak of nature") describes dysphagia because of vascular compression of the esophagus. Symptoms, when present, occur at the two extremes of life. Owing to the more flexible and compressible nature of the trachea, children usually present ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The importance of dysphagia screening and nutritional assessment in hospitalized patients.
 

Author(s): Patrícia Amaro Andrade, Carolina Araújo Dos Santos, Heloísa Helena Firmino, Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa

Journal:

 

To determine frequency of dysphagia risk and associated factors in hospitalized patients as well as to evaluate nutritional status by using different methods and correlate the status with scores of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10).

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dysphagia and its effects on swallowing sounds and vibrations in adults.
 

Author(s): Joshua M Dudik, Atsuko Kurosu, James L Coyle, Ervin Sejdić

Journal:

 

To utilize cervical auscultation as a means of screening for risk of dysphagia, we must first determine how the signal differs between healthy subjects and subjects with swallowing disorders.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 85 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Effects of Speech Therapy in Hospitalized Patients with Post-Stroke Dysphagia: A Systematic Review of Observational Studies].
 

Author(s): Joice Santos Andrade, Wagner Walter Oliveira de Jesus Souza, Luiz Renato Paranhos, Danielle Ramos Domenis, Carla Patrícia Hernandez Alves Ribeiro César

Journal: Acta Med Port. 2017 Dec;30(12):870-881.

 

Since dysphagia may be one of the brain post-stroke consequences, the objective of this study was to analyze the average recovery time of patients with cerebrovascular accident and dysphagia subjected to speech therapy in a hospital bed.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Dysphagia: Thinking outside the box.
 

Author(s): Hamish Philpott, Mayur Garg, Dunya Tomic, Smrithya Balasubramanian, Rami Sweis

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2017 Oct;23(38):6942-6951.

 

Dysphagia is a common symptom that is important to recognise and appropriately manage, given that causes include life threatening oesophageal neoplasia, oropharyngeal dysfunction, the risk of aspiration, as well as chronic disabling gastroesophageal reflux (GORD). The predominant ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A man with progressive dysphagia.
 

Author(s): Adam Jacob Kichler, Scott Gabbard

Journal: Cleve Clin J Med. 2017 Jun;84(6):443-449.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Impact of Probiotics on Oral Microbiota in Older Adults With Dysphagia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 21 Sep 2018

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Last Updated: 15 May 2018

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Anesthetic to Reduce Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2018

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