Dysphagia

Common Name(s)

Dysphagia

Dysphagia refers to difficulty swallowing, such as due to pain or increased effort. Dysphagia is classified based on whether there is a muscular, nerve, or structural problem. These could be due to trauma, neuromuscular disorders, hardening or tightening of skin and connective tissue, or swelling of nearby structures. Other structural problems include obstruction of the throat or esophagus. Functional dysphagia occurs when patients have trouble swallowing with no clear cause.

About 15 million Americans are affected by dysphagia, with about 1 million new diagnoses each year. About half of all Americans over the age of 60 will experience dysphagia. In addition to the causes described above, health conditions such as stroke, degenerative neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s Disease or ALS, and cancer of the head and neck can all cause dysphagia.

Not all affected individuals will recognize that they have dysphagia. Dysphagia is important to diagnose because it increases the risk of pneumonia due to the introduction of food, saliva, and nasal secretions to the airway. Additionally, dysphagia may lead to dehydration, malnutrition, and kidney failure. Symptoms of dysphagia include an inability to control food or saliva in the mouth, coughing, choking, difficulty starting to swallow, recurrent pneumonia, weight loss, wet voice after swallowing, and nasal regurgitation. In severe cases, individuals may be unable to swallow solid food and there may be pain when trying to swallow.

Treatments for dysphagia include surgery, medication, and feeding tubes. In addition, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and diet modification may be suggested. If you are suffering from dysphagia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dysphagia" for support, advocacy or research.

Association of Gastrointestinal Motility Disorders, Inc. (AGMD)

AGMD is a nonprofit international organization which serves as an integral educational resource concerning digestive motility diseases and disorders. It also functions as an important information base for members of the medical and scientific communities. In addition, it provides a forum for patients suffering from digestive motility diseases and disorders as well as their families and members of the medical community.

http://www.agmd-gimotility.org

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 689 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Therapeutic efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and electromyographic biofeedback on Alzheimer's disease patients with dysphagia.
 

Author(s): Yi Tang, Xiang Lin, Xiao-Juan Lin, Wei Zheng, Zhi-Kai Zheng, Zhao-Min Lin, Jian-Hao Chen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(36):e8008.

 

To study the therapeutic effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-biofeedback) therapy in improving swallowing function of Alzheimer's disease patients with dysphagia.A series of 103 Alzheimer's disease patients with dysphagia were divided ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Factors predicting dysphagia after anterior cervical surgery: A multicenter retrospective study for 2 years of follow-up.
 

Author(s): Tao Wang, Lei Ma, Da-Long Yang, Hui Wang, Zhi-Long Bai, Li-Jun Zhang, Wen-Yuan Ding

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(34):e7916.

 

A multicenter retrospective study.The purpose of this study was to explore risk factors of dysphagia after anterior cervical surgery and factors affecting rehabilitation of dysphagia 2 years after surgery.Patients who underwent anterior cervical surgery at 3 centers from January 2010 ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Screening tool for oropharyngeal dysphagia in stroke - Part I: evidence of validity based on the content and response processes.
 

Author(s): Tatiana Magalhães de Almeida, Paula Cristina Cola, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Hipólito Virgílio Magalhães, Carlos Daniel Magnoni, Roberta Gonçalves da Silva

Journal:

 

The aim of the present study was to identify the evidence of validity based on the content and response process of the Rastreamento de Disfagia Orofaríngea no Acidente Vascular Encefálico (RADAVE; "Screening Tool for Oropharyngeal Dysphagia in Stroke").

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dysphagia" returned 81 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Dysphagia-optimised Intensity-modulated Radiotherapy Techniques in Pharyngeal Cancers: Is Anyone Going to Swallow it?
 

Author(s): I Petkar, S Bhide, K Newbold, K Harrington, C Nutting

Journal: Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol). 2017 Jul;29(7):e110-e118.

 

Dysphagia after primary chemoradiotherapy or radiation alone in pharyngeal cancers can have a devastating impact on a patient's physical, social and emotional state. Establishing and validating efficient dysphagia-optimised radiotherapy techniques is, therefore, of paramount importance ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Oral drug therapy in elderly with dysphagia: between a rock and a hard place!
 

Author(s): Serena Logrippo, Giovanna Ricci, Matteo Sestili, Marco Cespi, Letizia Ferrara, Giovanni F Palmieri, Roberta Ganzetti, Giulia Bonacucina, Paolo Blasi

Journal:

 

Demographic indicators forecast that by 2050, the elderly will account for about one-third of the global population. Geriatric patients require a large number of medicines, and in most cases, these products are administered as solid oral solid dosage forms, as they are by far the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Application of noninvasive brain stimulation for post-stroke dysphagia rehabilitation.
 

Author(s): Zhuo Wang, Wei-Qun Song, Liang Wang

Journal: Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.. 2017 Feb;33(2):55-61.

 

Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), commonly consisting of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS), as well as paired associative stimulation (PAS), has attracted increased interest and been applied experimentally in the treatment ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Anesthetic to Reduce Dysphagia After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Surgery
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 29 Aug 2016

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Utilization of Negative Pressure Suction to Reduce Aspiration in Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 4 Dec 2017

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Design and Implementation of a Nutritional Intervention in Patients With Oropharyngeal Dysphagia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Oropharyngeal Dysphagia

 

Last Updated: 8 Nov 2016

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