Dyspnea

Common Name(s)

Dyspnea

Dyspnea is the feeling of shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. It is commonly experienced by people with advanced stages of lung cancer, asthma, or other conditions affecting the lungs or heart. Dyspnea may be caused by physical factors, such as an airway obstruction, or biological factors, such as a decreased amount of red blood cells in the body. Individuals may have blocked airways, narrow airways, or fluid in their lungs or heart. Inflammation of lung tissue after radiation exposure may also cause shortness of breath. Decreased oxygen in the blood or an interruption in blood supply to the heart or lungs may also cause dyspnea. Other causes include stress, anxiety, and illnesses such as pneumonia.

Dyspnea is a symptom that may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as chest tightness, anxiety, and a feeling of suffocation. Despite the feeling of suffocation, dyspnea does not cause suffocation or death, and patients may experience dyspnea even with normal oxygen levels. However, those who experience dyspnea should seek medical attention in order to be evaluated for the presence of diseases affecting the lungs, airways, or heart.

Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the dyspnea. General actions to reduce symptoms include not smoking, staying well hydrated, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep. Devices such as humidifiers or incentive spirometers may be used to make breathing easier for affected individuals. Anti-anxiety or pain medications may be prescribed to affected individuals. If stress or anxiety is identified as the main cause, relaxation and breathing exercises may be used. If you or your child has been diagnosed with dyspnea, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Dyspnea" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Dyspnea" returned 578 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Stridor and dyspnea caused by a conversion disorder. A case report].
 

Author(s): Gabriel Cea M, Claudio Henríquez A, Carlos Tapia

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Jun;145(6):808-811.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Tracking dyspnea up to supplemental oxygen prescription among patients with pulmonary fibrosis.
 

Author(s): Amy L Olson, Bridget Graney, Susan Baird, Tara Churney, Kaitlin Fier, Marjorie Korn, Mark McCormick, David Sprunger, Thomas Vierzba, Frederick S Wamboldt, Jeffrey J Swigris

Journal:

 

Dyspnea is the hallmark symptom of pulmonary fibrosis. Supplemental oxygen (O) is prescribed to many patients with pulmonary fibrosis in hopes of alleviating dyspnea and improving physical functioning. We used response data from the University of California San Diego Shortness of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Psycho-Physiological Associates of Dyspnea in Hospitalized Patients with Interstitial Lung Diseases: A Cross-Sectional Study.
 

Author(s): Yan Hua Zhou, Yim Wah Mak

Journal:

 

Dyspnea has been found to be an independent predictor of mortality among patients with respiratory diseases and is often regarded as a difficult symptom to control in patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). Previous studies have found an association of psychological and physiological ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Dyspnea" returned 57 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Dyspnea in pregnancy.
 

Author(s): Shih-Yi Lee, Ding-Kuo Chien, Chien-Hsuan Huang, Shou-Chuan Shih, Wei-Cheng Lee, Wen-Han Chang

Journal: Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Aug;56(4):432-436.

 

Dyspnea in pregnancy is common. It can result from adaption to body changes in pregnancy and also from complications therein. Understanding the mechanisms of change in the respiratory system during pregnancy helps with the differential diagnosis of dyspnea in normal pregnancy as opposed ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The Differential Diagnosis of Dyspnea.
 

Author(s): Dominik Berliner, Nils Schneider, Tobias Welte, Johann Bauersachs

Journal: Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2016 Dec;113(49):834-845.

 

Dyspnea is a common symptom affecting as many as 25% of patients seen in the ambulatory setting. It can arise from many different underlying conditions and is sometimes a manifestation of a life-threatening disease.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Nontraumatic head and neck emergencies: a clinical approach. Part 1: cervicofacial swelling, dysphagia, and dyspnea.
 

Author(s): B Brea Álvarez, M Tuñón Gómez, L Esteban García, C Y García Hidalgo, R M Ruiz Peralbo

Journal: Radiologia. ;58(5):329-42.

 

Nontraumatic emergencies of the head and neck represent a challenge in the field of neuroradiology for two reasons: first, they affect an area where the thorax joins the cranial cavity and can thus compromise both structures; second, they are uncommon, so they are not well known. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Palliation of Dyspnea With Mouth Piece Ventilation
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea

 

Last Updated: 20 Mar 2018

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Last Updated: 21 Dec 2017

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Effects on Experimental Dyspnea of High Flow Nasal Cannula
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Dyspnea; Healthy Volunteers

 

Last Updated: 2 Jul 2018

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