Ebola Virus Disease

Common Name(s)

Ebola Virus Disease

Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is an extremely serious and deadly disease that has historically spread through remote areas of Central and West Africa. The Ebola virus spreads first by animal-to-human, then by human-to-human contact through blood, secretions, organs, or other bodily fluids. The Ebola virus however cannot be spread through the air such as by a cough or sneeze. This means it is not as highly contagious as many other viruses. Ebola is considered highly infectious, which means if you become infected with the virus, you are likely to become very sick. Symptoms of Ebola virus include sudden onset of a high fever, weakness, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, rash, and impaired kidney and liver functions. As the disease progresses, internal bleeding occurs as does bleeding from the eyes. Patients often experience dehydration, which is treated with fluids containing high amounts of electrolytes. Although there is currently no approved vaccine or treatment for EVD, there are several promising treatments and a possible vaccine under development. At present, early medical support to lessen the effect of the symptoms is the best way to reduce chance of death. Standard infectious disease isolation protocols can help stop the spread of EVD.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ebola Virus Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ebola Virus Disease" returned 262 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Implementation of a study to examine the persistence of Ebola virus in the body fluids of Ebola virus disease survivors in Sierra Leone: Methodology and lessons learned.
 

Author(s): Gibrilla Fadlu Deen, Suzanna L R McDonald, Jaclyn E Marrinan, Foday R Sesay, Elizabeth Ervin, Anna E Thorson, Wenbo Xu, Ute Ströher, Patricia Ongpin, Neetu Abad, Archchun Ariyarajah, Tasneem Malik, Hongtu Liu, Christine Ross, Kara N Durski, Philippe Gaillard, Oliver Morgan, Pierre Formenty, Barbara Knust, Nathalie Broutet, Foday Sahr,

Journal:

 

The 2013-2016 West African Ebola virus disease epidemic was unprecedented in terms of the number of cases and survivors. Prior to this epidemic there was limited data available on the persistence of Ebola virus in survivors' body fluids and the potential risk of transmission, including ...

Last Updated: 11 Sep 2017

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Development of risk reduction behavioral counseling for Ebola virus disease survivors enrolled in the Sierra Leone Ebola Virus Persistence Study, 2015-2016.
 

Author(s): Neetu Abad, Tasneem Malik, Archchun Ariyarajah, Patricia Ongpin, Matthew Hogben, Suzanna L R McDonald, Jaclyn Marrinan, Thomas Massaquoi, Anna Thorson, Elizabeth Ervin, Kyle Bernstein, Christine Ross, William J Liu, Karen Kroeger, Kara N Durski, Nathalie Broutet, Barbara Knust, Gibrilla F Deen,

Journal:

 

During the 2014-2016 West Africa Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic, the public health community had concerns that sexual transmission of the Ebola virus (EBOV) from EVD survivors was a risk, due to EBOV persistence in body fluids of EVD survivors, particularly semen. The Sierra Leone ...

Last Updated: 11 Sep 2017

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Analysis of patient data from laboratories during the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia, April 2014 to March 2015.
 

Author(s): Yuki Furuse, Mosoka Fallah, Hitoshi Oshitani, Ling Kituyi, Nuha Mahmoud, Emmanuel Musa, Alex Gasasira, Tolbert Nyenswah, Bernice Dahn, Luke Bawo

Journal:

 

An outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia began in March 2014 and ended in January 2016. Epidemiological information on the EVD cases was collected and managed nationally; however, collection and management of the data were challenging at the time because surveillance and ...

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Ebola Virus Disease" returned 44 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Neuropsychological long-term sequelae of Ebola virus disease survivors - A systematic review.
 

Author(s): Felix Lötsch, Jenny Schnyder, Abraham Goorhuis, Martin P Grobusch

Journal: Travel Med Infect Dis. ;18():18-23.

 

The recent West African Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak had catastrophic impact on populations, health care systems and economies of the affected countries. Somatic symptoms have been reported to persist long beyond the acute infection. This review was conducted to provide an overview ...

Last Updated: 7 May 2017

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Diagnostics in Ebola Virus Disease in Resource-Rich and Resource-Limited Settings.
 

Author(s): Robert J Shorten, Colin S Brown, Michael Jacobs, Simon Rattenbury, Andrew J Simpson, Stephen Mepham

Journal:

 

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa was unprecedented in scale and location. Limited access to both diagnostic and supportive pathology assays in both resource-rich and resource-limited settings had a detrimental effect on the identification and isolation of cases ...

Last Updated: 27 Oct 2016

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The Role of Fear-Related Behaviors in the 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak.
 

Author(s): James M Shultz, Janice L Cooper, Florence Baingana, Maria A Oquendo, Zelde Espinel, Benjamin M Althouse, Louis Herns Marcelin, Sherry Towers, Maria Espinola, Clyde B McCoy, Laurie Mazurik, Milton L Wainberg, Yuval Neria, Andreas Rechkemmer

Journal: Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2016 Nov;18(11):104.

 

The 2013-2016 West Africa Ebola virus disease pandemic was the largest, longest, deadliest, and most geographically expansive outbreak in the 40-year interval since Ebola was first identified. Fear-related behaviors played an important role in shaping the outbreak. Fear-related behaviors ...

Last Updated: 14 Oct 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Ebola Virus Disease Survivors: Clinical and Immunologic Follow-up
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ebola Virus Disease

 

Last Updated: 18 Oct 2017

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Partnership for Research on Ebola VACcinations
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ebola Virus Disease

 

Last Updated: 10 Jul 2017

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