Efavirenz, poor metabolism of

Common Name(s)

Efavirenz, poor metabolism of

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has reduced mortality associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS; see {609423}) by at least 70%. Efavirenz is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor that is frequently prescribed with 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors as initial therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, during the first weeks of therapy, up to half of patients who receive efavirenz experience CNS side effects, including dizziness, insomnia, impaired concentration, somnolence, and abnormal dreams. Severe depression, aggressive behavior, and paranoid or manic reactions may also occur, and such side effects may reflect varying efavirenz plasma concentrations. Plasma clearance of efavirenz appears slower in African Americans than in European Americans, and studies have suggested earlier virologic failure on efavirenz for both African Americans and Hispanics compared with European Americans. Efavirenz is metabolized primarily by hepatic CYP2B6, with some involvement of CYP3A (CYP3A4; {124010}) (summary by {3:Haas et al., 2004}).
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Efavirenz, poor metabolism of" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Efavirenz, poor metabolism of" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Efavirenz, poor metabolism of" returned 0 free, full-text research articles on human participants.

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Efavirenz, poor metabolism of" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
Top

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

There are currently no related results available in GeneReviews.

 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

There are currently no open clinical trials for this condition.