Endometrial cancer

Common Name(s)

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in cells of the endometrium or lining of the uterus in women. Endometrial cancer is the 6th most common cancer in women worldwide, but is more common in high income countries. Risk increases with age, with most diagnosed after menopause.

Symptoms of endometrial cancer include abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge, pelvic pain, and weight-loss. In general, symptoms occur in early stages of the cancer so it is usually diagnosed early. The overall 5 year survival rate is relatively high and is increasing due to medical research.

Most risk factors for endometrial cancer affect a woman’s estrogen (hormone) level. These include estrogen-only hormone replacement therapy and certain hormone therapies for breast cancer (tamoxifen). Conditions affecting ovulation (polycystic ovarian syndrome, diabetes and obesity) may increase a woman’s risk. Other risk factors include beginning your period before age 12, late menopause, never having been pregnant, and a personal history of breast or ovarian cancer. Lynch syndrome, a genetic condition, also increases a woman’s risk.

Diagnosis may include a pelvic exam, a transvaginal ultrasound (uses sound waves to picture the uterus), an exam using a hysteroscope (thin tube to see inside the uterus), and a uterine biopsy (testing a small piece of tissue). To confirm the diagnosis and stage of cancer, a D&C (special procedure in which cells are scraped from the uterine wall) may be performed.

Treatments may include surgery, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Prevention includes birth control pills containing both progesterone and estrogen, exercise, maintaining a healthy weight and stopping smoking. If you have been diagnosed with endometrial cancer, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are good sources of information and can connect you living with endometrial cancer.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Endometrial cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

4th Angel Mentoring Program

Learning that you have cancer can be an overwhelming experience – one that leaves you frightened, vulnerable and alone. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program offers free, one-on-one, confidential outreach and support from someone who has successfully made the same journey you are about to begin – the journey towards recovery. This specially trained volunteer and cancer survivor – your 4th Angel – is someone who will talk and listen in a supportive setting. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program is telephone based, so you can be connect with an angel anywhere in the country. 4th Angel Mentoring Program is part of The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, a national non-profit organizat

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Endometrial cancer" for support, advocacy or research.

4th Angel Mentoring Program

Learning that you have cancer can be an overwhelming experience – one that leaves you frightened, vulnerable and alone. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program offers free, one-on-one, confidential outreach and support from someone who has successfully made the same journey you are about to begin – the journey towards recovery. This specially trained volunteer and cancer survivor – your 4th Angel – is someone who will talk and listen in a supportive setting. The 4th Angel Mentoring Program is telephone based, so you can be connect with an angel anywhere in the country. 4th Angel Mentoring Program is part of The Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative, a national non-profit organizat

http://www.4thangel.org

Last Updated: 12 Dec 2012

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Endometrial cancer" returned 1725 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

High Glucose Promotes Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition of Uterus Endometrial Cancer Cells by Increasing ER/GLUT4-Mediated VEGF Secretion.
 

Author(s): Chun-Jie Gu, Feng Xie, Bing Zhang, Hui-Li Yang, Jiao Cheng, Yin-Yan He, Xiao-Yong Zhu, Da-Jin Li, Ming-Qing Li

Journal: Cell. Physiol. Biochem.. 2018 ;50(2):706-720.

 

Uterus endometrial cancer (UEC) is the common malignancy among gynecologic cancers, and most of them are type I estrogen-dependent UEC. Diabetes is well-known risk factor for the development of UEC. However, the underlying link between high glucose (HG) and the estrogen receptor in ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Association between polycystic ovarian syndrome and endometrial, ovarian, and breast cancer: A population-based cohort study in Taiwan.
 

Author(s): Dah-Ching Ding, Weishan Chen, Jen-Hung Wang, Shinn-Zong Lin

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(39):e12608.

 

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder among the women of reproductive age. We conducted a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study to analyze the association between PCOS and the subsequent development of gynecological cancers, namely endometrial, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The diagnostic accuracy of fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography and sentinel node biopsy in the prediction of pelvic lymph node metastasis in patients with endometrial cancer: A retrospective observational study.
 

Author(s): Tomohito Tanaka, Yoshito Terai, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Takashi Yamada, Masahide Ohmichi

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(38):e12522.

 

According to the sentinel node biopsy (SNB), systematic pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) may not be needed for patients with early-stage endometrial cancer. On the other hand, imaging technology including fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Endometrial cancer" returned 190 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Dietary Fiber Intake and Endometrial Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Kangning Chen, Qianyu Zhao, Xiaofan Li, Jing Zhao, Peiqin Li, Shuchun Lin, Hongwei Wang, Jiajie Zang, Ying Xiao, Wanghong Xu, Fuxue Chen, Ying Gao

Journal:

 

Epidemiological studies are inconclusive regarding the association between dietary fiber intake and endometrial cancer risk. Thus, we aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to clarify the association between dietary fiber and endometrial cancer risk. We searched the PubMed and ISI Web databases ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical significance of matrix metalloproteinase-2 in endometrial cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Chang Liu, Ying Li, Shasha Hu, Yao Chen, Li Gao, Dajiang Liu, Hongtao Guo, Yongxiu Yang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(29):e10994.

 

Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), a member of the zinc-dependent metalloproteinase gene family, plays a vital role in cancer invasion, metastasis, and progression. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to explore the clinical significance of MMP-2 expression in endometrial cancer.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Primary ovarian small cell carcinoma of pulmonary type with coexisting endometrial carcinoma in a breast cancer patient receiving tamoxifen: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Lei Yin, Jianning Li, Yunhai Wei, Dejian Ma, Yamei Sun, Yanlai Sun

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(23):e10900.

 

Small cell carcinoma of the ovary (SCCO) is a rare and aggressive extra-pulmonary variant of small cell tumors of uncertain histogenesis. The pathogenesis and optimal treatment of SCCO is unclear. We present a very rare case of a synchronous primary ovarian small cell carcinoma and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Atezolizumab Trial in Endometrial Cancer - AtTEnd
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Endometrial Cancer

 

Last Updated: 6 Nov 2018

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Study of Avelumab in Patients With MSS, MSI-H and POLE-mutated Recurrent or Persistent Endometrial Cancer
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Metastatic Endometrial Cancer

 

Last Updated: 17 May 2018

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Carboplatin, Paclitaxel With or Without Avelumab in Advanced or Recurrent Endometrial Cancer
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Endometrial Cancer

 

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2018

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