There is a wide range of genital and reproductive anomalies that may occur to both sexes. Sex differentiation does not take place until the 12th week of pregnancy. Babies have both genitalia until this point in time. Sex is determined by whether anti-müllerian hormone is secreted or not. If this hormone is secreted, male genitalia continues to mature and female genitalia growth is stopped. If no hormone is secreted, female genitalia continues to grow and male genitalia regresses.
Many of these abnormalities range in severity. Some, such as penile torsion, do not have any long lasting effects, nor affect reproductive potential. Others, such as female aphallia or genital malformation require treatment. Treatments range from topical creams, to hormone administration, to surgeries depending on the degree of the anomaly.
If your child has been diagnosed with a genital or reproductive anomaly, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also good resources of support and information."
Description Last Updated: Jan 15, 2018