Genital warts

Common Name(s)

Genital warts

Genital warts are a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). They are caused by HPV, or human papillomavirus. HPV is most easily transmitted through sexual contact. Those with weakened immune systems, who already have an STI, or who have sex with multiple partners are most at risk.

The warts are found around or on the genitals and appear as small growths that may range in color from grey to skin-colored to red. Genital warts can develop in the mouth and throat of an infected person through oral sexual contact. The warts are mildly painful in some cases and may bleed or itch. The warts might also take a long time to grow after infection, taking as much time as six months to become visible. Sometimes an infected person might not have visible growth but can still have HPV. Some strains of HPV may cause cervical cancer as well as cancer of the anus, penis, and mouth and throat.

Diagnosis of genital warts can be done from a visual inspection of the genital area. Mild acetic acid solution, or vinegar, can be used to make warts more visible. A Pap smear in females or DNA testing can also identify if HPV is present if no warts are visible. Vaccines are available for the strains of HPV that are most likely to cause cervical cancer for young women. Warts can be removed by a variety of methods including topical treatments and surgery. Use of a latex condom can help prevent the spread of HPV, although care should be taken as this protection does not cover the entire genital area. The best protection is to limit sexual contact to an uninfected partner or to abstain from sexual contact. If you have been diagnosed with genital warts, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are available for more resources and information.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Genital warts" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Genital warts" returned 133 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Self-reported genital warts among sexually-active university students: a cross-sectional study.
 

Author(s): Silvia Cocchio, Chiara Bertoncello, Tatjana Baldovin, Alessandra Buja, Silvia Majori, Vincenzo Baldo

Journal:

 

Genital warts are one of the most common forms of sexually-transmitted disease, but their epidemiology has yet to be thoroughly elucidated. The present study was designed to shed light on the prevalence of clinically-confirmed, self-reported genital warts (GWs) in a representative ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Risk of cancer in patients with genital warts: A nationwide, population-based cohort study in Taiwan.
 

Author(s): Ching-Yi Cho, Yu-Cheng Lo, Miao-Chiu Hung, Chou-Cheng Lai, Chun-Jen Chen, Keh-Gong Wu

Journal:

 

Condyloma acuminata currently affects around 1% of sexually active adults, and its incidence is increasing. The coexistence of genital warts (GW) and certain cancers and an association between human papillomavirus (HPV) and various malignancies have been reported. Therefore, we conducted ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Ingenol mebutate for the management of genital warts in sensitive anatomic locations.
 

Author(s): Stephan Alexander Braun, Peter Arne Gerber

Journal: J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.. 2017 07;77(1):e9-e10.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Genital warts" returned 18 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Vaccines against human papillomavirus infections: protection against cancer, genital warts or both?
 

Author(s): E A Joura, S Pils

Journal: Clin. Microbiol. Infect.. 2016 Dec;22 Suppl 5():S125-S127.

 

Since 2006, three vaccines against infections and disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) became available in Europe-in 2006 a quadrivalent HPV 6/11/16/18 vaccine, in 2007 a bivalent HPV 16/18 vaccine and in 2015 a nonavalent HPV 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58 vaccine. HPV 16 and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Early direct and indirect impact of quadrivalent HPV (4HPV) vaccine on genital warts: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Luciano Mariani, Patrizia Vici, Barbara Suligoi, Giovanni Checcucci-Lisi, Rosybel Drury

Journal: Adv Ther. 2015 Jan;32(1):10-30.

 

Since 2007, many countries have implemented national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs with the quadrivalent HPV (4HPV) vaccine that has been shown to be efficacious in clinical trials involving 25,000 subjects. Two vaccine serotypes, HPV16 and 18, are responsible for ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Warts (non-genital).
 

Author(s): Steven King-Fan Loo, William Yuk-Ming Tang

Journal:

 

Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), of which there are over 100 types. HPV probably infects the skin via areas of minimal trauma. Risk factors include use of communal showers, occupational handling of meat, and immunosuppression. In immunocompetent people, warts are ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 26 Feb 2018

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Comparison Between Tuberculin Vaccine and Cryotherapy in Genital Wart Patients
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Genital Wart

 

Last Updated: 15 May 2017

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Last Updated: 31 Oct 2016

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