Genital warts

Common Name(s)

Genital warts

Genital warts are a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). They are caused by HPV, or human papillomavirus. HPV is most easily transmitted through sexual contact. Those with weakened immune systems, who already have an STI, or who have sex with multiple partners are most at risk.

The warts are found around or on the genitals and appear as small growths that may range in color from grey to skin-colored to red. Genital warts can develop in the mouth and throat of an infected person through oral sexual contact. The warts are mildly painful in some cases and may bleed or itch. The warts might also take a long time to grow after infection, taking as much time as six months to become visible. Sometimes an infected person might not have visible growth but can still have HPV. Some strains of HPV may cause cervical cancer as well as cancer of the anus, penis, and mouth and throat.

Diagnosis of genital warts can be done from a visual inspection of the genital area. Mild acetic acid solution, or vinegar, can be used to make warts more visible. A Pap smear in females or DNA testing can also identify if HPV is present if no warts are visible. Vaccines are available for the strains of HPV that are most likely to cause cervical cancer for young women. Warts can be removed by a variety of methods including topical treatments and surgery. Use of a latex condom can help prevent the spread of HPV, although care should be taken as this protection does not cover the entire genital area. The best protection is to limit sexual contact to an uninfected partner or to abstain from sexual contact. If you have been diagnosed with genital warts, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are available for more resources and information.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Genital warts" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Genital warts" returned 131 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Cost analysis of Human Papillomavirus-related cervical diseases and genital warts in Swaziland.
 

Author(s): Themba G Ginindza, Benn Sartorius, Xolisile Dlamini, Ellinor Ă–stensson

Journal:

 

Human papillomavirus (HPV) has proven to be the cause of several severe clinical conditions on the cervix, vulva, vagina, anus, oropharynx and penis. Several studies have assessed the costs of cervical lesions, cervical cancer (CC), and genital warts. However, few have been done in ...

Last Updated: 22 May 2017

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Decline in hospitalization for genital warts in the Veneto region after an HPV vaccination program: an observational study.
 

Author(s): Silvia Cocchio, Tatjana Baldovin, Chiara Bertoncello, Alessandra Buja, Patrizia Furlan, Mario Saia, Vincenzo Baldo

Journal:

 

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted pathogens. This observational study was conducted to estimate the trend of hospitalization for genital warts (GWs) in the Veneto region (Italy) from 2004 to 2015.

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2017

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Prevalence and incidence of external genital warts in a sample of Italian general female population.
 

Author(s): Barbara Suligoi, Giorgio Vittori, Maria Cristina Salfa, Laura Timelli, Dario Corsini, Giovanni Fattorini, Luciano Mariani,

Journal:

 

The Human papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted virus worldwide. The objective of this study was to estimate: 1) the prevalence and the incidence of external genital warts (eGW) in a sample of women attending community outpatient clinics and 2) the total number of ...

Last Updated: 7 Feb 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Genital warts" returned 15 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Early direct and indirect impact of quadrivalent HPV (4HPV) vaccine on genital warts: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Luciano Mariani, Patrizia Vici, Barbara Suligoi, Giovanni Checcucci-Lisi, Rosybel Drury

Journal: Adv Ther. 2015 Jan;32(1):10-30.

 

Since 2007, many countries have implemented national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs with the quadrivalent HPV (4HPV) vaccine that has been shown to be efficacious in clinical trials involving 25,000 subjects. Two vaccine serotypes, HPV16 and 18, are responsible for ...

Last Updated: 30 Jan 2015

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Update on the treatment of genital warts.
 

Author(s): Noah Scheinfeld

Journal:

 

This review summarizes new treatments from the last seven years employed for the treatment of genital warts caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Imquimod 3.75% is a new agent with fewer side effects and perhaps a better dosing schedule than imquimod 5%, but is not more effective. ...

Last Updated: 9 Sep 2013

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New approach to managing genital warts.
 

Author(s): Catharine C Lopaschuk

Journal: Can Fam Physician. 2013 Jul;59(7):731-6.

 

To summarize and determine the appropriate use for the new and old management tools for genital warts.

Last Updated: 15 Jul 2013

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 31 Oct 2016

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Comparison Between Tuberculin Vaccine and Cryotherapy in Genital Wart Patients
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Genital Wart

 

Last Updated: 15 May 2017

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Effectiveness Study of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccines to Prevent Recurrence of Genital Warts
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Genital Warts

 

Last Updated: 22 Apr 2016

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