Gestational Diabetes

Common Name(s)

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that may develop in pregnant women. It affects about 18% of all pregnancies. In this type of diabetes, the mother has high levels of glucose (sugar) in her blood due to an inability to respond appropriately to a chemical called insulin. Insulin is a messenger that tells the body to break down sugars to make energy needed for daily life. For people with gestational diabetes, however, their body cannot convert sugar to energy the same way most people’s does. Gestational diabetes typically requires treatment during pregnancy to prevent complications of the condition to the mother and baby, but will usually resolve after delivery of the child. Treatment for gestational diabetes includes diet and exercise, although medication may become necessary if diet and exercise are not sufficient. One of the potential complications of gestational diabetes is macrosomia, meaning that the baby is excessively large at birth. This can lead to complications during the delivery and can put the child at risk for obesity and diabetes later in life.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Diabetes" for support, advocacy or research.

Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Diabetes" for support, advocacy or research.

Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

http://www.sidelines.org

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Gestational Diabetes" returned 1002 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Influence of environmental temperature on risk of gestational diabetes.
 

Author(s): Gillian L Booth, Jin Luo, Alison L Park, Denice S Feig, Rahim Moineddin, Joel G Ray

Journal: CMAJ. 2017 May;189(19):E682-E689.

 

Cold-induced thermogenesis is known to improve insulin sensitivity, which may become increasingly relevant in the face of global warming. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between outdoor air temperature and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Last Updated: 16 May 2017

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Frequency of fetal macrosomia and the associated risk factors in pregnancies without gestational diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Akin Usta, Ceyda Sancakli Usta, Ayla Yildiz, Ruhsen Ozcaglayan, Eylem Sen Dalkiran, Aydin Savkli, Meryem Taskiran

Journal:

 

There has been an increased incidence of macrosomic newborns in the world and most of the macrosomic newborns are born from non-GDM pregnant women. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and the associated risk factors of fetal macrosomia in non-GDM pregnant women.

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2017

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Barriers to postpartum screening for type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study of women with previous gestational diabetes.
 

Author(s): Forough Rafii, Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar, Neda Mehrdad, Afsaneh Keramat

Journal:

 

Risk of developing type 2 diabetes is increased in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Postpartum glycemic screening is recommended in women with recent GDM. But this screening rate is low and the reasons are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences ...

Last Updated: 28 Apr 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Gestational Diabetes" returned 120 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

MECHANISMS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY: Epigenetic modifications and gestational diabetes: a systematic review of published literature.
 

Author(s): Gunn-Helen Moen, Christine Sommer, Rashmi B Prasad, Line Sletner, Leif Groop, Elisabeth Qvigstad, Kåre I Birkeland

Journal: Eur. J. Endocrinol.. 2017 May;176(5):R247-R267.

 

To summarize the current knowledge on epigenetic alterations in mother and offspring subjected to gestational diabetes (GDM) and indicate future topics for research.

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2017

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Exercise improves glycaemic control in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review.
 

Author(s): Anne L Harrison, Nora Shields, Nicholas F Taylor, Helena C Frawley

Journal: J Physiother. 2016 Oct;62(4):188-96.

 

Does exercise improve postprandial glycaemic control in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus?

Last Updated: 30 Sep 2016

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Effects of Low Glycemic Index Diets on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials.
 

Author(s): Jinhua Wei, Weijun Heng, Jianbo Gao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 May;95(22):e3792.

 

Studies of the effects of low glycemic index (LGI) diets on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have reported conflicting findings.The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of LGI diets with and without added ...

Last Updated: 4 Jun 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2017

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Evaluation of Education for Gestational Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gestational Diabetes

 

Last Updated: 24 Oct 2016

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High Dose Cholecalciferol to Reduce the Incidence of Gestational Diabetes in High Risk Pregnant Women
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Gestational Diabetes

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2017

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