Gestational Diabetes

Common Name(s)

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that may develop in pregnant women. It affects about 18% of all pregnancies. In this type of diabetes, the mother has high levels of glucose (sugar) in her blood due to an inability to respond appropriately to a chemical called insulin. Insulin is a messenger that tells the body to break down sugars to make energy needed for daily life. For people with gestational diabetes, however, their body cannot convert sugar to energy the same way most people’s does. Gestational diabetes typically requires treatment during pregnancy to prevent complications of the condition to the mother and baby, but will usually resolve after delivery of the child. Treatment for gestational diabetes includes diet and exercise, although medication may become necessary if diet and exercise are not sufficient. One of the potential complications of gestational diabetes is macrosomia, meaning that the baby is excessively large at birth. This can lead to complications during the delivery and can put the child at risk for obesity and diabetes later in life.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Diabetes" for support, advocacy or research.

Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Diabetes" for support, advocacy or research.

Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

http://www.sidelines.org

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Gestational Diabetes" returned 1028 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Comparison of glyburide and insulin in the management of gestational diabetes: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Rongjing Song, Ling Chen, Yue Chen, Xia Si, Yi Liu, Yue Liu, David M Irwin, Wanyu Feng

Journal:

 

The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the efficacy and safety of glyburide as a treatment for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) compared to insulin.

Last Updated: 3 Aug 2017

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Gestational diabetes mellitus and interpregnancy weight change: A population-based cohort study.
 

Author(s): L M Sorbye, R Skjaerven, K Klungsoyr, N H Morken

Journal:

 

Being overweight is an important risk factor for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. Weight change between pregnancies has been suggested to be an independent mechanism behind GDM. We assessed the risk for GDM in second pregnancy ...

Last Updated: 1 Aug 2017

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[Association of abo blood groups with gestational diabetes mellitus].
 

Author(s): Andrea Huidobro M, Demetrio Torres C, Fabio Paredes

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Apr;145(4):431-435.

 

ABO and Rhesus blood systems are associated with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM2). Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is a model to study DM.

Last Updated: 27 Jul 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Gestational Diabetes" returned 127 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Risk factor screening to identify women requiring oral glucose tolerance testing to diagnose gestational diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis and analysis of two pregnancy cohorts.
 

Author(s): Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Maria Bryant, Debbie A Lawlor, Fidelma Dunne, Derek Tuffnell, Trevor A Sheldon

Journal:

 

Easily identifiable risk factors including: obesity and ethnicity at high risk of diabetes are commonly used to indicate which women should be offered the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to diagnose gestational diabetes (GDM). Evidence regarding these risk factors is limited however. ...

Last Updated: 6 Apr 2017

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MECHANISMS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY: Epigenetic modifications and gestational diabetes: a systematic review of published literature.
 

Author(s): Gunn-Helen Moen, Christine Sommer, Rashmi B Prasad, Line Sletner, Leif Groop, Elisabeth Qvigstad, Kåre I Birkeland

Journal: Eur. J. Endocrinol.. 2017 May;176(5):R247-R267.

 

To summarize the current knowledge on epigenetic alterations in mother and offspring subjected to gestational diabetes (GDM) and indicate future topics for research.

Last Updated: 24 Feb 2017

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Circulating Betatrophin Levels and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Fei-Juan Kong, Lei-Lei Ma, Ge Li, Yi-Xin Chen, Jia-Qiang Zhou

Journal:

 

The association between circulating betatrophin levels and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is controversial. The aim of our study was to systematically review available literature linking betatrophin to GDM for a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between circulating ...

Last Updated: 12 Jan 2017

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2017

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Evaluation of Education for Gestational Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gestational Diabetes

 

Last Updated: 24 Oct 2016

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High Dose Cholecalciferol to Reduce the Incidence of Gestational Diabetes in High Risk Pregnant Women
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Gestational Diabetes

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2017

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