Gestational Diabetes

Common Name(s)

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that may develop in pregnant women. It affects about 18% of all pregnancies. In this type of diabetes, the mother has high levels of glucose (sugar) in her blood due to an inability to respond appropriately to a chemical called insulin. Insulin is a messenger that tells the body to break down sugars to make energy needed for daily life. For people with gestational diabetes, however, their body cannot convert sugar to energy the same way most people’s does. Gestational diabetes typically requires treatment during pregnancy to prevent complications of the condition to the mother and baby, but will usually resolve after delivery of the child. Treatment for gestational diabetes includes diet and exercise, although medication may become necessary if diet and exercise are not sufficient. One of the potential complications of gestational diabetes is macrosomia, meaning that the baby is excessively large at birth. This can lead to complications during the delivery and can put the child at risk for obesity and diabetes later in life.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Diabetes" for support, advocacy or research.

Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gestational Diabetes" for support, advocacy or research.

Sidelines National Support Network

Sidelines provides support, education, advocacy and resources to women and their families experiencing a complicated high-risk pregnancy or premature birth.

http://www.sidelines.org

Last Updated: 4 Apr 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Gestational Diabetes" returned 1090 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A Mediterranean diet with additional extra virgin olive oil and pistachios reduces the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM): A randomized controlled trial: The St. Carlos GDM prevention study.
 

Author(s): Carla Assaf-Balut, Nuria García de la Torre, Alejandra Durán, Manuel Fuentes, Elena Bordiú, Laura Del Valle, Cristina Familiar, Ana Ortolá, Inés Jiménez, Miguel A Herraiz, Nuria Izquierdo, Noelia Perez, María J Torrejon, María I Ortega, Francisco J Illana, Isabelle Runkle, Maria P de Miguel, Carmen Montañez, Ana Barabash, Martín Cuesta, Miguel A Rubio, Alfonso L Calle-Pascual

Journal:

 

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Metformin in gestational diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Reva Tripathi, Shakun Tyagi, Vandana Goel

Journal: Indian J. Med. Res.. 2017 05;145(5):588-591.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Comparative efficacy and safety of oral antidiabetic drugs and insulin in treating gestational diabetes mellitus: An updated PRISMA-compliant network meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Hui-Ling Liang, Shu-Juan Ma, Yan-Ni Xiao, Hong-Zhuan Tan

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Sep;96(38):e7939.

 

The safety and efficacy of different drugs in treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients who could not maintain normal glucose level only through diet and exercise remains to be debated. We performed this network meta-analysis (NAM) to compare and rank different antidiabetic ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Gestational Diabetes" returned 134 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Application of One-Step IADPSG Versus Two-Step Diagnostic Criteria for Gestational Diabetes in the Real World: Impact on Health Services, Clinical Care, and Outcomes.
 

Author(s): Florence M Brown, Jennifer Wyckoff

Journal:

 

This paper seeks to summarize the impact of the one-step International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) versus the two-step gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) criteria with regard to prevalence, outcomes, healthcare delivery, and long-term maternal metabolic risk.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Risk factor screening to identify women requiring oral glucose tolerance testing to diagnose gestational diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis and analysis of two pregnancy cohorts.
 

Author(s): Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Maria Bryant, Debbie A Lawlor, Fidelma Dunne, Derek Tuffnell, Trevor A Sheldon

Journal:

 

Easily identifiable risk factors including: obesity and ethnicity at high risk of diabetes are commonly used to indicate which women should be offered the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to diagnose gestational diabetes (GDM). Evidence regarding these risk factors is limited however. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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MECHANISMS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY: Epigenetic modifications and gestational diabetes: a systematic review of published literature.
 

Author(s): Gunn-Helen Moen, Christine Sommer, Rashmi B Prasad, Line Sletner, Leif Groop, Elisabeth Qvigstad, Kåre I Birkeland

Journal: Eur. J. Endocrinol.. 2017 May;176(5):R247-R267.

 

To summarize the current knowledge on epigenetic alterations in mother and offspring subjected to gestational diabetes (GDM) and indicate future topics for research.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 13 Feb 2017

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Evaluation of Education for Gestational Diabetes
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gestational Diabetes

 

Last Updated: 6 Nov 2017

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Last Updated: 27 Dec 2017

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