Giant Pigmented Hairy Nevus

Common Name(s)

Giant Pigmented Hairy Nevus

Congenital melanocytic nevus syndrome is characterized by pigmentary skin defects apparent at birth. Most individuals have 1 or more large or giant lesions greater than 20 cm and up to over 60 cm in diameter, which may cover up to 80% of total body area. These lesions may or may not be hairy. Smaller 'satellite' pigmented lesions numbering in the hundreds may also be present all over the body. Congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) can be associated with malignant melanoma (see CMM1, {155600}), but the risk appears to be low, ranging from 1 to 2% for all individuals, but rising to 10 to 15% in those with very large nevi (greater than 40 cm). A small subset of patients with CMNS have abnormalities of the central nervous system, known as 'neurocutaneous melanosis' or 'neuromelanosis' ({249400}), which may be symptomatic. Patients with CMNS also tend to have a characteristic facial appearance, including wide or prominent forehead, periorbital fullness, small short nose with narrow nasal bridge, round face, full cheeks, prominent premaxilla, and everted lower lip (summary by {12:Kinsler et al., 2008}; {11:Kinsler et al., 2012}). Spitz nevi are benign melanocytic melanomas composed of epithelioid or spindle cell melanocytes. They usually present as solitary skin tumors but can occur in multiple patterns, having agminated, dermatomal, and disseminated forms (summary by {15:Sarin et al., 2013}). Nevus spilus, also known as speckled lentiginous nevus, is a congenital hyperpigmented patch that progressively evolves, with affected individuals developing dark macules and papules during childhood and adolescence. Over time, nevus spilus may give rise to common lentigines, melanocytic nevi, Spitz nevi, and melanomas (summary by {14:Sarin et al., 2014}).
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Giant Pigmented Hairy Nevus" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Giant Pigmented Hairy Nevus" returned 1 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Giant hairy congenital pigmented nevus].
 

Author(s): E J Vera-Remartínez, J García-Guerrero

Journal: Rev Esp Sanid Penit. 2011 ;13(3):112-3.

 

Last Updated: 10 Nov 2011

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The terms "Giant Pigmented Hairy Nevus" returned 0 free, full-text review articles on human participants.

 
 
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