Temporal arteritis

Common Name(s)

Temporal arteritis, Giant cell arteritis

Giant cell arteritis, also known as temporal arteritis, occurs when one or more arteries become inflamed, swollen and tender. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body. Oxygenated blood leaves your heart through your body's main artery, the aorta. The aorta then divides into smaller arteries that deliver blood to all parts of your body, including your brain and internal organs. When these arteries become inflamed or swollen, blood flow decreases and less oxygen can travel to the respective parts of the body.

The exact cause is not known. Researchers believe giant cell arteritis may be an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases occur when our body’s immune or defense system attacks its own healthy cells. Many people with giant cell arteritis often have polymyalgia rheumatica. Older individuals (people older than 50), women, and people of Northern European descent (especially Scandinavian) are more likely to have giant cell arteritis.

Giant cell arteritis can affect any artery, but most commonly affects the arteries that provide blood to the side of the face near the temple. The most common symptoms may include headache, jaw pain, blurred or double vision, fever, weight loss, and pain or stiffness in the neck, shoulder, or hips.

Your doctor can diagnose giant cell arteritis through a combination of a physical exam, blood tests, imaging, and tissue biopsy. Treatment may involve specific medications that help reduce inflammation within the affected arteries. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to avoid complications such as blindness or stroke. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with giant cell arteritis, talk with your doctor or specialist about the most current treatment options. Support groups are also a good resource and can help you connect with others affected by giant cell arteritis.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Temporal arteritis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Temporal arteritis" returned 164 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical correlation of biopsy results in patients with temporal arteritis.
 

Author(s): Volkan Yuksel, Orkut Guclu, Ebru Tastekin, Umit Halici, Serhat Huseyin, Volkan Inal, Suat Canbaz

Journal: Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2017 Nov;63(11):953-956.

 

Temporal arteritis is systemic vasculitis of medium and large sized vessels. The lowest incidence rates were reported in Turkey, Japan and Israel. We aimed to investigate the results of patients with biopsy-proven temporal arteritis and those classified according to the American College ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The Acupuncture Therapeutic Approach in Temporal Arteritis Vasculitis: A Case Report.
 

Author(s): Yılmaz Sezgin

Journal: J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2018 Jun;11(3):116-118.

 

Temporal arteritis is a form of vasculitis that involves the large- and medium-diameter arteries and leads to progressive headache. Symptoms may be accompanied by vision disorder, subfebrile temperature, fatigue, lack of appetite, weight loss, sweating, and joint pains. While cortisone ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical and pathological evolution of giant cell arteritis: a prospective study of follow-up temporal artery biopsies in 40 treated patients.
 

Author(s): Joseph J Maleszewski, Brian R Younge, John T Fritzlen, Gene G Hunder, Jorg J Goronzy, Kenneth J Warrington, Cornelia M Weyand

Journal: Mod. Pathol.. 2017 06;30(6):788-796.

 

Although clinical signs and symptoms of giant cell arteritis improve promptly after starting glucocorticoid therapy, reports have suggested that the vascular inflammation may persist. To assess the duration and quality of histopathologic changes in treated patients, we prospectively ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Temporal arteritis" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

[Temporal arteritis: treatment controversies].
 

Author(s): J Balsalobre Aznar, J Porta-Etessam

Journal: Neurologia. 2010 Sep;25(7):453-8.

 

Although giant cell or temporal arteritis represents 5-10% of ischaemic optic neuropathies and is the most common arteritis in people over 60 years old. Currently there is no established treatment with oral glucocorticoids available.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Temporal arteritis and cerebrovascular complications].
 

Author(s): Hildegunn Øverlie, Emilia Kerty

Journal: Tidsskr. Nor. Laegeforen.. 2005 Nov;125(21):2936-8.

 

Giant cell (temporal) arteritis is a systemic vasculitis of large and medium sized arteries causing severe visual loss and cerebrovascular accidents. We have treated several patients who developed stroke because of giant-cell arteritis despite high-dose corticosteroid treatment.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Stroke as the first manifestation of temporal arteritis: three case reports and a review of its pathogenesis and treatment].
 

Author(s): A Belenguer-Benavides, C Vilar-Cambies, D Geffner-Sclarsky

Journal: Rev Neurol. ;39(3):227-32.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Aetiology of TemporaL Arteritis Study
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Temporal Arteritis

 

Last Updated: 21 Oct 2015

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Determining Disease Activity Biomarkers in Individuals With Giant Cell Arteritis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Temporal Arteritis

 

Last Updated: 23 Apr 2018

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Last Updated: 9 Aug 2017

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