Gingivitis

Common Name(s)

Gingivitis, Periodontal disease

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease (periodontal disease) that causes irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the gums located at the base of your teeth (gingiva). Symptoms can be very mild. In fact, some people may have gingivitis and may not even know it. Treatment of gingivitis is important as the condition may lead to a much more serious gum condition (periodontitis), which can result in the loss of teeth.

Symptoms of gingivitis include a change in color of the gums (from pink to red), swollen gums, receding gums, and gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing. Gingivitis develops from plaque, a sticky film on the teeth that is made by the bacteria feeding on the food left over in the mouth. If this plaque is not removed, it hardens and turns into tarter. As plaque and tarter sit on your teeth and gums, they irritate the gums around the base of your teeth (gingiva), causing them to become red and swollen (inflamed). Risk factors for gingivitis include changes to hormone levels that can occur with pregnancy or with the menstrual cycle, conditions that weaken the immune system (HIV), smoking, and not brushing and flossing on a daily basis.

Dentists can easily diagnose gingivitis based on your symptoms and an examination of your teeth and gums. If the cause of your gingivitis is not clear, the dentist may recommend additional medical evaluations to look for other health issues that may be causing the gingivitis. Treatment includes thorough cleaning of the teeth, instructions on how to care for your teeth (proper brushing and flossing), and regular professional cleaning.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gingivitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
Top

How do you compare to others with this condition?

Privately answer questions about your health. Let resources, you select, come to you.

Anonymously share and see how your answers compare with others with this condition while privately providing key pieces of information to medical researchers, disease advocacy groups, and others ONLY YOU select to help speed up cures and better alternatives.

 
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gingivitis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

Not finding the support you need? Show General Support Organizations

 
 
 
 
Top

Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Gingivitis" returned 129 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Development of a self-report questionnaire designed for population-based surveillance of gingivitis in adolescents: assessment of content validity and reliability.
 

Author(s): Viviana Quiroz, Daniela Reinero, Patricia Hernández, Johanna Contreras, Rolando Vernal, Paola Carvajal

Journal: J Appl Oral Sci. ;25(4):404-411.

 

This study aimed to develop and assess the content validity and reliability of a cognitively adapted self-report questionnaire designed for surveillance of gingivitis in adolescents.

Last Updated: 6 Sep 2017

Go To URL
Microbiological, lipid and immunological profiles in children with gingivitis and type 1 diabetes mellitus.
 

Author(s): Cristiane Duque, Mariana Ferreira Dib João, Gabriela Alessandra da Cruz Galhardo Camargo, Gláucia Schuindt Teixeira, Thamiris Santana Machado, Rebeca de Souza Azevedo, Flávia Sammartino Mariano, Natália Helena Colombo, Natália Leal Vizoto, Renata de Oliveira Mattos-Graner

Journal: J Appl Oral Sci. ;25(2):217-226.

 

The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of periodontal pathogens, systemic inflammatory mediators and lipid profiles in type 1 diabetes children (DM) with those observed in children without diabetes (NDM), both with gingivitis.

Last Updated: 13 Apr 2017

Go To URL
Validity of a New Kit Measuring Salivary Lactate Dehydrogenase Level for Screening Gingivitis.
 

Author(s): Daisuke Ekuni, Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Kota Kataoka, Aya Yokoi, Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Hirofumi Mizuno, Hisataka Miyai, Yoko Uchida, Daiki Fukuhara, Yoshio Sugiura, Takaaki Tomofuji, Manabu Morita

Journal: Dis. Markers. 2017 ;2017():9547956.

 

Aim. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of a new kit that can evaluate salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LD) level in real time for screening gingivitis. Materials and Methods. The study included 70 systemic healthy volunteers [29 males and 41 females; mean age ± ...

Last Updated: 24 Mar 2017

Go To URL

Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Gingivitis" returned 5 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Can Chemical Mouthwash Agents Achieve Plaque/Gingivitis Control?
 

Author(s): Fridus A Van der Weijden, Eveline Van der Sluijs, Sebastian G Ciancio, Dagmar E Slot

Journal: Dent. Clin. North Am.. 2015 Oct;59(4):799-829.

 

Also note that structured abstracts are not allowed per journal style: What is the effect of a mouthwash containing various active chemical ingredients on plaque control and managing gingivitis in adults based on evidence gathered from existing systematic reviews? The summarized evidence ...

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2015

Go To URL
Meta-analysis of the effect of an essential oil-containing mouthrinse on gingivitis and plaque.
 

Author(s): Marcelo W B Araujo, Christine A Charles, Rachel B Weinstein, James A McGuire, Amisha M Parikh-Das, Qiong Du, Jane Zhang, Jesse A Berlin, John C Gunsolley

Journal: J Am Dent Assoc. 2015 Aug;146(8):610-622.

 

Standard recommendations for oral hygiene practices have focused on mechanical methods (toothbrushing and interdental cleaning). Published evidence indicates antimicrobial mouthrinses provide oral health benefits beyond mechanical methods alone. The purpose of this meta-analysis was ...

Last Updated: 3 Aug 2015

Go To URL
Desquamative gingivitis: a sign of mucocutaneous disorders--a review.
 

Author(s): N A Robinson, D Wray

Journal: Aust Dent J. 2003 Dec;48(4):206-11.

 

Desquamative gingivitis is a clinical term to describe red, painful, glazed and friable gingivae which may be a manifestation of some mucocutaneous conditions such as lichen planus or the vesiculobullous disorders. It is important to be aware of this rare clinical entity so as to ...

Last Updated: 23 Jan 2004

Go To URL
 
 
Top

Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 24 Oct 2016

Go to URL
Clinical Effect of Lactobacillus Reuteri in Treatment of Gingivitis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gingivitis

 

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2016

Go to URL

Last Updated: 11 Oct 2017

Go to URL