Glaucoma

Common Name(s)

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases in which there is a blockage of fluid drainage from the eye. When fluid cannot drain properly from the eye, the pressure inside the eye may rise to a level that can damage the optic nerve that brings information from the back of the eye (retina) resulting in vision loss and blindness. This group of diseases makes up the second most common cause of blindness.

There are multiple types of glaucoma, the most common of which is open-angle glaucoma. In open-angle glaucoma, fluid builds up in the anterior chamber of the eye because it cannot drain through a meshwork structure between the colored part of the eye that controls light entry (iris) and the lens (cornea). In this form of glaucoma, side or peripheral vision is usually lost first. Other types of glaucoma include low-tension or normal-tension glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, congenital glaucoma, secondary glaucoma, neovascular glaucoma, pigmentary glaucoma, and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. In angle-closure glaucoma, the iris blocks the channel that normally allows fluid leave the front of the eye. Symptoms of angle-closure glaucoma include eye pain, nausea, blurred vision, and redness of the eye. Medical attention should be sought promptly if angle-closure glaucoma is suspected.

Glaucoma can be diagnosed with a comprehensive dilated eye exam and by measuring intraocular pressure (IOP). Regular eye exams are important because some forms of glaucoma are often asymptomatic prior to permanent vision loss. Treatment options include medication, laser surgery to create holes in the meshwork and allow fluid to drain from the anterior chamber (laser trabeculoplasty), and surgery to alter the iris to allow fluid drainage. If you have been diagnosed with glaucoma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options. Support groups are good sources of more information and can connect you with other people living with glaucoma.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Glaucoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Glaucoma Research Foundation

We work to prevent vision loss from glaucoma by investing in innovative research, education, and support with the ultimate goal of finding a cure.

Last Updated: 14 May 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The Glaucoma Foundation

The mission of The Glaucoma Foundation (TGF) is to fund groundbreaking research and to educate the public about the disease and the importance of early detection to prevent blindness.

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Glaucoma" for support, advocacy or research.

Glaucoma Research Foundation

We work to prevent vision loss from glaucoma by investing in innovative research, education, and support with the ultimate goal of finding a cure.

http://www.glaucoma.org

Last Updated: 14 May 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The Glaucoma Foundation

The mission of The Glaucoma Foundation (TGF) is to fund groundbreaking research and to educate the public about the disease and the importance of early detection to prevent blindness.

http://www.glaucomafoundation.org

Last Updated: 19 Feb 2013

View Details

 

General Support Organizations

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General Resources

Glaucoma Care and Treatment Information

Glaucoma Care and Treatment options

Updated 14 May 2015

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Free Glaucoma Newsletter

Information for glaucoma patients

Updated 14 May 2015

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Glaucoma Research Progress Reports

Information about glaucoma research progress

Updated 14 May 2015

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Low Vision Resources

Links to products and services available for people with low vision.

Updated 14 May 2015

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Glaucoma" returned 4222 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Determinants of medication adherence to topical ocular hypotensives and application of health belief model among glaucoma patients visiting a tertiary care hospital in coastal Karnataka, India.
 

Author(s): Soujanya Kaup, Sithara Sara Oomman, Siddharudha Shivalli

Journal: Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018 08;66(8):1229-1230.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Montmorillonite/chitosan nanoparticles as a novel controlled-release topical ophthalmic delivery system for the treatment of glaucoma.
 

Author(s): Juan Li, Shuangyan Tian, Qi Tao, Yawen Zhao, Ruyi Gui, Fan Yang, Lingquan Zang, Yanzhong Chen, Qineng Ping, Dongzhi Hou

Journal:

 

To date, the rapid clearance from ocular surface has been a huge obstacle for using eye drops to treat glaucoma, since it has led to the short preocular residence time and low bioavailability.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prevalence of depression and anxiety among participants with glaucoma in a population-based cohort study: The Gutenberg Health Study.
 

Author(s): J Rezapour, S Nickels, A K Schuster, M Michal, T Münzel, P S Wild, I Schmidtmann, K Lackner, A Schulz, N Pfeiffer, M E Beutel

Journal:

 

To investigate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among subjects with self-reported glaucoma and the association between self-reported glaucoma and depression respectively anxiety in a European cohort.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Glaucoma" returned 467 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Migraine as a risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Chang Xu, Jingjing Li, Zhi Li, Xiaochun Mao

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(28):e11377.

 

Migraine is increasingly being reported as a risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). However, studies aimed to investigate this association yielded conflicting results. To assess the consistency of the data on the topic, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Community care for diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma in India: A panel discussion.
 

Author(s): Padmaja Kumari Rani, Vinay Nangia, Krishna R Murthy, Rohit C Khanna, Taraprasad Das

Journal: Indian J Ophthalmol. 2018 07;66(7):916-920.

 

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) and glaucoma are emerging causes of blindness and visual impairment in India and the world. Both diseases do not have any early warning symptoms, and once the symptoms appear, the diseases are reasonably advanced. Because of the long-standing nature of the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Evidence-based practice guideline of Chinese herbal medicine for primary open-angle glaucoma (qingfeng -neizhang).
 

Author(s): Yingxin Yang, Qiu-Yan Ma, Yue Yang, Yu-Peng He, Chao-Ting Ma, Qiang Li, Ming Jin, Wei Chen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(13):e0126.

 

Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is a chronic, progressive optic neuropathy. The aim was to develop an evidence-based clinical practice guideline of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for POAG with focus on Chinese medicine pattern differentiation and treatment as well as approved herbal ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

To Study the Function of the Retina in Glaucoma Patients Using PERG
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Glaucoma

 

Last Updated: 30 Oct 2017

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Improve Glaucoma Medication Adherence
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Glaucoma

 

Last Updated: 9 May 2018

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Last Updated: 21 May 2018

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