Gonorrhea

Common Name(s)

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection that can affect both men and women. The infection, which is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, most often affects the urethra, rectum, throat and cervix (in women). It is a common infection that is passed from one person to another during sexual contact. In most cases, gonorrhea causes no symptoms. In fact a person may not even be aware that they have gonorrhea. Risk factors include younger age, a new sex partner, multiple sex partners, previous diagnosis of gonorrhea, and having other sexually transmitted infections.

When gonorrhea does cause symptoms, they usually appear in the genital tract. Symptoms in men include pain with urination, pus-like discharge from the tip of the penis, and pain or swelling in one testicle. Symptoms in women include increased vaginal discharge, painful urination, vaginal bleeding between periods, abdominal pain, and pelvic pain. Gonorrhea can also cause symptoms in other parts of the body. In the rectum, symptoms include itching, pus-like discharge from the rectum, spots of blood on toilet tissue, and strain during bowel movements. In the throat, symptoms include sore throat and swollen lymph nodes in the neck.

Your doctor can diagnose gonorrhea by analyzing a sample of cells, which can be collected by a urine test or a swab of the affected area. Home testing kits are available for women, which include vaginal swabs that are sent to a lab for testing. When you are tested, your doctor may recommend other tests to check for other sexually transmitted infections. Treatment is usually given through antibiotics. If you receive treatment for gonorrhea, it is important that your sexual partner is also treated, as they may also have gonorrhea and not know it. Babies born to women who have a gonorrhea infection are at risk for eye infection and will need specific eye treatment right after birth.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gonorrhea" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Gonorrhea" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

http://www.thestdproject.com/

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Gonorrhea" returned 282 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Adherence to CDC Recommendations for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Gonorrhea - STD Surveillance Network, United States, 2016.
 

Author(s): Emily J Weston, Kimberly Workowski, Elizabeth Torrone, Hillard Weinstock, Mark R Stenger

Journal:

 

Gonorrhea, the sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is the second most common notifiable disease in the United States after chlamydia; 468,514 cases were reported to state and local health departments in 2016, an increase of 18.5% from 2015 (1). N. gonorrhoeae ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Impact of Rapid Susceptibility Testing and Antibiotic Selection Strategy on the Emergence and Spread of Antibiotic Resistance in Gonorrhea.
 

Author(s): Ashleigh R Tuite, Thomas L Gift, Harrell W Chesson, Katherine Hsu, Joshua A Salomon, Yonatan H Grad

Journal: J. Infect. Dis.. 2017 Nov;216(9):1141-1149.

 

Increasing antibiotic resistance limits treatment options for gonorrhea. We examined the impact of a hypothetical point-of-care (POC) test reporting antibiotic susceptibility profiles on slowing resistance spread.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The impact of HIV infection and socioeconomic factors on the incidence of gonorrhea: A county-level, US-wide analysis.
 

Author(s): Nikolaos Andreatos, Christos Grigoras, Fadi Shehadeh, Elina Eleftheria Pliakos, Georgianna Stoukides, Jenna Port, Myrto Eleni Flokas, Eleftherios Mylonakis

Journal:

 

Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported identifiable disease in the United States (U.S.). Importantly, more than 25% of gonorrheal infections demonstrate antibiotic resistance, leading the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to classify gonorrhea as an "urgent threat".

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Gonorrhea" returned 11 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Summary and Recommendations from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Workshop "Gonorrhea Vaccines: the Way Forward".
 

Author(s): Lee M Wetzler, Ian M Feavers, Scott D Gray-Owen, Ann E Jerse, Peter A Rice, Carolyn D Deal

Journal:

 

There is an urgent need for the development of an antigonococcal vaccine due to the increasing drug resistance found in this pathogen. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have identified multidrug-resistant gonococci (GC) as among 3 "urgent" hazard-level threats to the U.S.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Improving Control of Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea by Integrating Research Agendas Across Disciplines: Key Questions Arising From Mathematical Modeling.
 

Author(s): Yonatan H Grad, Edward Goldstein, Marc Lipsitch, Peter J White

Journal: J. Infect. Dis.. 2016 Mar;213(6):883-90.

 

The rise in gonococcal antibiotic resistance and the threat of untreatable infection are focusing attention on strategies to limit the spread of drug-resistant gonorrhea. Mathematical models provide a framework to link the natural history of infection and patient behavior to epidemiological ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Self-Collected versus Clinician-Collected Sampling for Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Screening: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Carole Lunny, Darlene Taylor, Linda Hoang, Tom Wong, Mark Gilbert, Richard Lester, Mel Krajden, Gina Ogilvie

Journal:

 

The increases in STI rates since the late 1990s in Canada have occurred despite widespread primary care and targeted public health programs and in the setting of universal health care. More innovative interventions are required that would eliminate barriers to STI testing such as ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

New AntiBiotic Treatment Options for Uncomplicated Anogenital GOnorrhoea
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Gonorrhea

 

Last Updated: 31 Mar 2018

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Last Updated: 25 Jan 2018

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Evaluation of the Atlas Genetics io® CTNG System
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Chlamydia Trachomatis; Gonorrhea

 

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2018

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