Allergic rhinitis

Common Name(s)

Allergic rhinitis, Hay fever

Hay fever, contrary to its name, is not a fever caused by hay, but is actually an exaggerated allergic reaction to outdoor or indoor allergens. When the immune system of a person with hay fever is exposed to an allergen, it overreacts by releasing chemicals in the blood. This reaction is what causes the symptoms of hay fever, including runny nose, watery or itchy eyes, nasal congestion, cough, sneezing, and decreased sense of smell and taste. There are two types of hay fever: seasonal and perennial. Seasonal hay fever occurs only during the time of year when plants are pollinating. People with seasonal hay fever are usually allergic to pollen and spores. Perennial hay fever occurs all year long and is usually caused by allergens that are found indoors, including pet dander and mold.

Risk factors for developing hay fever include living or working in an environment that involves exposure to allergens, having other allergies, having asthma, and having a family history of allergies or asthma. To diagnose hay fever, a doctor may need to perform specific tests, including a skin prick test or allergy blood test. A skin prick test looks for signs of an allergic reaction to an allergen on the skin. An allergy blood test measures the body’s immune system response to a specific allergen.

Hay fever cannot be prevented. If you have hay fever, you can reduce your risk for symptoms by avoiding exposure to allergens that cause an allergic reaction, keeping doors closed during pollen season, using air conditioning, avoiding outdoor activity during dry and windy days, bathing pets and keeping your house free of dust and mold. Over-the-counter medications can help prevent or reduce symptoms. For more bothersome or severe symptoms, prescription medications, allergy shots or a nasal rinse may be necessary. If you are diagnosed with hay fever, talk to you doctor to discuss the best treatment plan for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Allergic rhinitis" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics

Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA) is the leading national non-profit organization dedicated to eliminating needless death and suffering due to asthma, allergies and related conditions through education, community outreach, advocacy and research. AANMA facilitates communication of quality information among patients, parents, physicians, community members, government and private industry through accurate guidance and clearly written resources on asthma and allergies, provided through its website, aanma.org, published reports, position statements, quarterly magazine, Allergy & Asthma Today, and monthly newsletter, The MA Report.

http://www.aanma.org

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 873 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The Association between Ambient Air Pollution and Allergic Rhinitis: Further Epidemiological Evidence from Changchun, Northeastern China.
 

Author(s): Bo Teng, Xuelei Zhang, Chunhui Yi, Yan Zhang, Shufeng Ye, Yafang Wang, Daniel Q Tong, Binfeng Lu

Journal:

 

With the continuous rapid urbanization process over the last three decades, outdoors air pollution has become a progressively more serious public health hazard in China. To investigate the possible associations, lag effects and seasonal differences of urban air quality on respiratory ...

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2017

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Genetic variation of the Toll-like receptors in a Swedish allergic rhinitis case population.
 

Author(s): V Henmyr, D Carlberg, E Manderstedt, C Lind-Halldén, T Säll, L O Cardell, C Halldén

Journal:

 

Variation in the 10 toll-like receptor (TLR) genes has been significantly associated with allergic rhinitis (AR) in several candidate gene studies and three large genome-wide association studies. These have all investigated common variants, but no investigations for rare variants ...

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2017

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Potential Involvement of Type I Interferon Signaling in Immunotherapy in Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis.
 

Author(s): Lina Mattson, Antonio Lentini, Danuta R Gawel, Tejaswi V S Badam, Mikael Benson, Torbjorn Ledin, Colm E Nestor, Mika Gustafsson, Jordi Serra-Musach, Janne Bjorkander, Zou Xiang, Huan Zhang

Journal: J Immunol Res. 2016 ;2016():5153184.

 

Specific immunotherapy (SIT) reverses the symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) in most patients. Recent studies report type I interferons shifting the balance between type I T helper cell (Th1) and type II T helper cells (Th2) towards Th2 dominance by inhibiting the differentiation ...

Last Updated: 18 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Allergic rhinitis" returned 126 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Allergic rhinitis and CXCR3 chemokines.
 

Author(s): V Mazzi, P Fallahi

Journal: Clin Ter. ;168(1):e54-e58.

 

The underlying mechanism of allergic rhinitis involves IgE antibodies attaching to the allergen and causing the release of inflammatory chemicals such as histamine from mast cells. Cytokines are very important in this process. Many data suggest a systemic shift to more intensely type ...

Last Updated: 27 Feb 2017

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Japanese guidelines for allergic rhinitis 2017.
 

Author(s): Kimihiro Okubo, Yuichi Kurono, Keiichi Ichimura, Tadao Enomoto, Yoshitaka Okamoto, Hideyuki Kawauchi, Harumi Suzaki, Shigeharu Fujieda, Keisuke Masuyama,

Journal: Allergol Int. 2017 Apr;66(2):205-219.

 

Like asthma and atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis is an allergic disease, but of the three, it is the only type I allergic disease. Allergic rhinitis includes pollinosis, which is intractable and reduces quality of life (QOL) when it becomes severe. A guideline is needed to understand ...

Last Updated: 18 Feb 2017

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[Variable prevalence of allergic rhinitis and risk factors affecting the prevalence].
 

Author(s): Öner Özdemir, Bahri Elmas

Journal: Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. ;26(6):371-82.

 

Allergic rhinitis is described as a chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa causing rhinorrhea, sneezing, nasal congestion and itching, often characterized with conjunctival injection and ocular itching. The prevalence of pediatric allergic rhinitis has recently shown a sharp increase ...

Last Updated: 16 Dec 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Validation of an Allergic Rhinitis Control Test in Children
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 9 May 2017

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Validation of an Allergic Rhinitis Control Test in Teenagers
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Allergic Rhinitis

 

Last Updated: 28 Jun 2016

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Last Updated: 30 Jul 2016

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