Heart Disease

Common Name(s)

Heart Disease

Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, is a term that describes a range of conditions that affect the heart. Diseases that affect the heart’s muscle (cardiomyopathy), rhythm (arrhythmia), structure (congenital heart defect), or blood vessels (coronary artery disease) are all forms of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease depend on the specific condition. A weak heart muscle may cause fatigue, dizziness, and swelling of the legs, ankles and feet. Symptoms of an abnormal heart rhythm may include chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, or a racing or slow heartbeat. Individuals who were born with an abnormality in the structure of the heart may experience swelling in the legs or abdomen, pale or blue skin color, or shortness of breath. Chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain in the legs, arms, neck, jaw, or throat may be a result of heart disease in the blood vessels.

There are many causes of heart disease, depending on the specific form. There are also a few factors that can increase the risk for heart problems. These factors include older age, poor diet, high blood pressure, smoking, a family history of heart disease, stress, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and poor hygiene. Doctors use a combination of tests and exams to diagnose heart disease. These tests may include a medical history, a family history, a physical exam, blood tests, an assessment of heart rhythm using electrical signals (electrocardiogram or ECG), and an ultrasound image of your heart (echocardiogram). Lifestyle changes, such as exercising more, eating a healthy diet, or quitting smoking may decrease the risk for heart disease. Some forms of heart disease require treatment with medication, surgery or other medical procedures. Emergency medical attention is recommended for symptoms of chest pain, fatigue or fainting in association with heart disease. Talk with your doctor to decide which treatment option is best for you.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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How do you compare to others with this condition?

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Heart Disease" for support, advocacy or research.

Hepatitis Foundation International

Hepatitis Foundation International is dedicated to promoting wellness and healthy lifestyles for all individuals in order to reduce the incidence of preventable diseases that affect the liver’s health including: obesity, diabetes, fatty liver, high cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, and substance abuse. We inform, educate, and empower by making available reliable and up-to-date information.

http://www.HepatitisFoundation.org

Last Updated: 23 Feb 2015

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HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Mended Hearts, Inc.

Our mission is dedicated to “Inspiring hope and improving the quality of life for heart patients and their families through ongoing peer-to-peer support”.

http://www.mendedhearts.org

Last Updated: 11 Mar 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 9509 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Influence of proton pump inhibitors on clinical outcomes in coronary heart disease patients receiving aspirin and clopidogrel: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Wen Hu, Jin Tong, Xue Kuang, Weijie Chen, Zengzhang Liu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(3):e9638.

 

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are usually prescribed to protect against gastrointestinal bleeding in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy. This meta-analysis reviewed clinical outcomes in patients taking aspirin and clopidogrel, with and without concomitant PPIs to address concerns ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The clinical characteristics of adults with rheumatic heart disease in Yangon, Myanmar: An observational study.
 

Author(s): Nan Phyu Sin Toe Myint, Ne Myo Aung, Myint Soe Win, Thu Ya Htut, Anna P Ralph, David A Cooper, Myo Lwin Nyein, Mar Mar Kyi, Josh Hanson

Journal:

 

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a major cause of premature death in low and middle-income countries. The greatest barrier to RHD control is neglect of the disease in national health policies and a lack of prevalence data that might inform control efforts. Myanmar is making remarkable ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Utility of Fluid Assessment Based on the Intrathoracic Impedance Monitoring in a Peripartum Woman with Heart Disease.
 

Author(s): Atsushi Daimon, Chizuko A Kamiya, Masami Sawada, Yusuke Ueda, Chinami Horiuchi, Takekazu Miyoshi, Mitsuhiro Tsuritani, Naoko Iwanaga, Reiko Neki, Hideo Okamura, Shingo Kusano, Jun Yoshimatsu

Journal: Int Heart J. 2018 Mar;59(2):435-438.

 

Recently, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) have become capable of monitoring intrathoracic impedance to detect an increased fluid volume and heart failure. Pregnancy is a well-known cause of an increased body fluid volume; however, it is not clear whether the measurement ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Heart Disease" returned 1431 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

The efficiency of endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan for pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Hong-Yu Kuang, Yu-Hao Wu, Qi-Jian Yi, Jie Tian, Chun Wu, We Nian Shou, Tie-Wei Lu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Mar;97(10):e0075.

 

Oral bosentan has been widely applied in pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD). A systemic review and meta-analysis was conducted for a therapeutic evaluation of oral bosentan in both adult and pediatric patients with PAH-CHD. The acute ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Treatment of pulmonary hypertension with left heart disease: a concise review.
 

Author(s): Anish Desai, Shilpa A Desouza

Journal:

 

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure ≥ 25 mmHg, as determined by right heart catheterization. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can no longer be considered an orphan disease given the increase in awareness and availability of new drugs. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Stem cells and heart disease - Brake or accelerator?
 

Author(s): Gustav Steinhoff, Julia Nesteruk, Markus Wolfien, Jana Große, Ulrike Ruch, Praveen Vasudevan, Paula Müller

Journal: Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.. 2017 Oct;120():2-24.

 

After two decades of intensive research and attempts of clinical translation, stem cell based therapies for cardiac diseases are not getting closer to clinical success. This review tries to unravel the obstacles and focuses on underlying mechanisms as the target for regenerative therapies. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Last Updated: 15 Mar 2018

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Rheumatic Heart Disease School Project
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Rheumatic Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 20 Sep 2017

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Exercise Training in Grown-up Congenital Heart Disease
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Congenital Heart Disease

 

Last Updated: 6 Jul 2016

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