Hemangioma

Common Name(s)

Hemangioma

A hemangioma is a noncancerous clumping of blood vessels found on the skin or internal organs, most commonly the liver. Hemangiomas are often present at birth or develop in the first few months of life. Skin hemangiomas are quite common, mostly found on the face and neck. Liver hemangiomas rarely cause symptoms. Cavernous hemangiomas most commonly form on the brain or spinal cord and have a different outcome than the other types of hemangiomas. The cause of the clumping of the blood vessels is not well understood.

Skin hemangiomas form on the surface of the skin or in the fatty layer just underneath. It may at first appear as a flat birth mark, but will become a raised red rubbery or spongy lump over the first year. Most will stop growing at this point and after some time will begin to go away. Most skin hemangiomas disappear by age 10, though a faint discoloration may remain. Hemangiomas may affect the vision if they are on the eyelid.

Liver hemangiomas can form within the organ or on its surface. Liver hemangiomas may be estrogen sensitive, meaning they may grow if a woman is given estrogen supplements during menopause. Hemangiomas may also form on the kidneys, colon, and lungs. A hemangioma on any of these organs rarely causes problems unless it grows too large or multiple hemangiomas form. Symptoms may then include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. Occasionally they interfere with breathing. However, they usually go unnoticed unless picked up by an imaging study (MRI) being done for another reason.

Diagnosis is made by physical exam and imaging studies. Many hemangiomas will go away without treatment. If causing problems, treatment may include laser procedures, steroid injections, medication or surgical removal. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hemangioma, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemangioma" for support, advocacy or research.

VHL Alliance

VHLA is dedicated to research, education, and support to improve awareness, diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those affected by VHL.

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemangioma" for support, advocacy or research.

VHL Alliance

VHLA is dedicated to research, education, and support to improve awareness, diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life for those affected by VHL.

http://www.vhl.org

Last Updated: 5 Jan 2015

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemangioma" returned 766 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Long-term result of transcatheter arterial embolization for liver hemangioma.
 

Author(s): Xiaolei Liu, Zhiying Yang, Haidong Tan, Jia Huang, Li Xu, Liguo Liu, Shuang Si, Yongliang Sun

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(49):e9029.

 

Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is a method for the treatment of liver hemangioma, but fewer studies reported the long-term result.Retrospective study was conducted to liver hemangioma patients who received TAE. The inclusion criteria included the following: the period of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Blood flow pattern in a choroidal hemangioma imaged on swept-source-optical coherence tomography angiography.
 

Author(s): Brijesh Takkar, Shorya Azad, Jyoti Shakrawal, Nripen Gaur, Pradeep Venkatesh

Journal: Indian J Ophthalmol. 2017 Nov;65(11):1240-1242.

 

This report demonstrates the blood flow pattern in a case of choroidal hemangioma (CH) using swept-source-optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA). Fluorescein angiography, SS-OCT, and SS-OCTA images of a patient with CH were obtained using a standard protocol. The internal ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Congenital capillary hemangioma arising from palpebral conjunctiva of a neonate.
 

Author(s): S Padmanaban, P Sumathi, Prayagi Kandoth, R P Dharmendra

Journal: Indian J Ophthalmol. 2017 Nov;65(11):1221-1223.

 

Capillary hemangioma is the most common benign vascular eyelid tumor in childhood. The periocular lesion appears within the first few weeks after birth and usually has superficial or deep components. Primary conjunctival capillary hemangiomas are rarely reported. We present the case ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemangioma" returned 97 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A primary cavernous hemangioma of the thyroid gland: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Jie Miao, Shubo Chen, Yongcai Li, Lin Fu, Hui Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Dec;96(49):e8651.

 

Thyroid hemangioma is benign and associated with fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy or trauma in most cases. Its differential diagnosis is very difficult.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Giant liver hemangioma with adult Kasabach-Merritt syndrome: Case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Xiaolei Liu, Zhiying Yang, Haidong Tan, Li Xu, Yongliang Sun, Shuang Si, Liguo Liu, Wenying Zhou, Jia Huang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Aug;96(31):e7688.

 

Adult Kasabach-Merritt syndrome associated with giant liver hemangioma is rare; to date, most reports have been single-case reports, and no multi-case reports or literature reviews are available.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Challenging Pitfalls and Mimickers in Diagnosing Anastomosing Capillary Hemangioma of the Kidney: Case Report and Literature Review.
 

Author(s): Haneen Adnan Al-Maghrabi, Abdullatif Sami Al Rashed

Journal:

 

BACKGROUND Vascular tumors of the kidney are rare tumors that are usually diagnosed and confirmed by histopathological examination due to the difficulty in definitive diagnosis by clinical and radiological examination. Anastomosing hemangioma is a rare variant of capillary hemangioma ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Clinical Characteristics of Infantile Hemangioma
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemangioma

 

Last Updated: 31 Oct 2017

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Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Topical Timolol in Infants With Infantile Hemangioma (IH)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Infantile Hemangioma

 

Last Updated: 2 Oct 2017

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