Hemorrhagic stroke

Common Name(s)

Hemorrhagic stroke

A stroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is interrupted or cut-off. When this happens, the affected area of the brain does not receive the oxygen and nutrients that it needs. This can cause cells in the brain to die. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, and hemorrhagic. Hemorrhagic strokes are less common than ischemic strokes, and account for only 15% of all strokes. Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in the head ruptures or breaks. This causes bleeding in or near the brain. Bleeding in the brain is harmful because the extra blood presses against the brain cells and can cause them to die.

There are two types of hemorrhagic strokes: intra-cerebral hemorrhagic strokes and subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke. An intra-cerebral stroke occurs when the ruptured blood vessel is located within the brain. This is the most common type of hemorrhagic stroke. A subarachnoid hemorrhagic stroke occurs when the ruptured blood vessel is located in between the brain and the skull.

A hemorrhagic stroke will often cause a very severe headache, usually described as “the worst headache I have ever had”. A hemorrhagic stroke may have additional symptoms that are similar to the symptoms seen in an ischemic stroke: blurred vision, loss of vision, loss of coordination, drooping eyelids, and nausea or vomiting. Risk factors include older age, smoking, high blood pressure, illicit drug usage, head injury, heavy drinking, and a family history of a stroke. If you believe that you or a family member may be experiencing a hemorrhagic stroke, seek medical attention immediately. It is very important that the bleed is stopped. Support groups are available for more information and resources.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemorrhagic stroke" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemorrhagic stroke" returned 205 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Human Cytomegalovirus Increases the Risk of Future Hemorrhagic But Not Ischemic Stroke - A Nested Case-Control Study.
 

Author(s): Liqiang Zheng, Zhengrong Sun, Zhaoqing Sun, Xingang Zhang, Kai Jing, Jue Li, Dayi Hu, Yingxian Sun

Journal: Circ. J.. 2016 Sep;80(10):2235-9.

 

The cause-and-effect relationship between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and stroke has not been widely elucidated. We aimed to determine if HCMV infection has an increased risk of future stroke in hypertensive patients in rural areas of China.

Last Updated: 26 Sep 2016

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Association between hemorrhagic stroke occurrence and meteorological factors and pollutants.
 

Author(s): Myung-Hoon Han, Hyeong-Joong Yi, Yong Ko, Young-Soo Kim, Young-Jun Lee

Journal:

 

The purpose of this study is to determine whether intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage have different incidence patterns based on monthly variations in meteorological and air pollution parameters in the Seongdong district of Seoul, South Korea.

Last Updated: 5 May 2016

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Association of Elevated High Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T(hs-cTnT) Levels with Hemorrhagic Transformation and 3-Month Mortality in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients with Rheumatic Heart Disease in China.
 

Author(s): Junfeng Liu, Deren Wang, Yao Xiong, Bian Liu, Zilong Hao, Wendan Tao, Ming Liu

Journal:

 

Elevated levels of high sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) occur in a substantial proportion of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and can predict poor outcome and mortality after stroke. Whether elevated hs-cTnT levels can also predict hemorrhagic transformation (HT) ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemorrhagic stroke" returned 19 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Characteristics of Hemorrhagic Stroke following Spine and Joint Surgeries.
 

Author(s): Fei Yang, Jianning Zhao, Haidong Xu

Journal: Biomed Res Int. 2017 ;2017():5390839.

 

Hemorrhagic stroke can occur after spine and joint surgeries such as laminectomy, lumbar spinal fusion, tumor resection, and total joint arthroplasty. Although this kind of stroke rarely happens, it may cause severe consequences and high mortality rates. Typical clinical symptoms ...

Last Updated: 6 Feb 2017

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Nonaspirin Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Risk of Hemorrhagic Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.
 

Author(s): Patompong Ungprasert, Eric L Matteson, Charat Thongprayoon

Journal: Stroke. 2016 Feb;47(2):356-64.

 

The association between hemorrhagic stroke and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is not well established. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observation studies to further characterize this possible association.

Last Updated: 26 Jan 2016

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Causes of Death Data in the Global Burden of Disease Estimates for Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke.
 

Author(s): Thomas Truelsen, Lars-Henrik Krarup, Helle K Iversen, George A Mensah, Valery L Feigin, Luciano A Sposato, Mohsen Naghavi

Journal: Neuroepidemiology. 2015 ;45(3):152-60.

 

Stroke mortality estimates in the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study are based on routine mortality statistics and redistribution of ill-defined codes that cannot be a cause of death, the so-called 'garbage codes' (GCs). This study describes the contribution of these codes to stroke ...

Last Updated: 4 Nov 2015

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Early Tracheostomy in Ventilated Stroke Patients 2
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

 

Last Updated: 20 Jun 2016

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Last Updated: 27 Oct 2016

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Cranial Temperature Early Diagnose Hemorrhagic and Ischemic Stroke
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Ischemic Stroke; Hemorrhagic Stroke

 

Last Updated: 19 Jun 2016

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