Hemorrhoids

Common Name(s)

Hemorrhoids, Piles

Hemorrhoids are swollen or inflamed veins in the anal canal. Hemorrhoids can be very painful, but generally do not cause further health problems. There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal or external. Symptoms depend on the type, but may include bleeding during bowel movements, itching, or pain in the anal area. Rectal bleeding may also be a sign of colon, rectal, or anal cancer, so further screening may be required if blood is found in the stool.

The veins affected by hemorrhoids drain blood from the anal canal, and become swollen from increased pressure (such as while straining to pass stool). Both straining and prolonged duration of bowel movements may increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids. Additionally, being overweight or pregnant may also lead to hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are very common, and it is estimated that over half of Americans will experience a hemorrhoid in their lifetime. They occur equally in men and women, and are seen most often in older adults.

Treatment for hemorrhoids may include changes in diet, exercise, steroids, or surgery. An increase in dietary fiber and fluid intake and adequate exercise reduce the risk of developing hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids are generally treated by dietary changes, stool softener, and anti-itch ointment. More severe internal hemorrhoids may require surgical procedures to decrease blood supply to the inflamed vein(s), causing it to shrink and go away. Other surgical procedures may be used if simpler methods do not work. If you have been diagnosed with hemorrhoids, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemorrhoids" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemorrhoids" returned 71 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Liver injury after aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid treatment of hemorrhoids.
 

Author(s): Kenichi Yoshikawa, Reimi Kawashima, Yuki Hirose, Keiko Shibata, Takafumi Akasu, Noriko Hagiwara, Takeharu Yokota, Nami Imai, Akira Iwaku, Go Kobayashi, Hirohiko Kobayashi, Akiyoshi Kinoshita, Nao Fushiya, Hiroyuki Kijima, Kazuhiko Koike, Masayuki Saruta

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2017 Jul;23(27):5034-5040.

 

We are reporting a rare case of acute liver injury that developed after an internal hemorrhoid treatment with the aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid (ALTA) regimen. A 41-year-old man developed a fever and liver injury after undergoing internal hemorrhoid treatment with a submucosal ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A novel technique for the treatment of stages III to IV hemorrhoids: Homemade anal cushion suspension clamp combined with harmonic scalpel.
 

Author(s): Guoqiang Lin, Qiongxiang Ge, Xiaokang He, Haixin Qi, Li Xu

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jun;96(26):e7309.

 

To compare the efficacy of homemade anal cushion suspension clamp combined with harmonic scalpel (ACS) and Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy combined with electric knife (MMH) in the treatment of stages III to IV hemorrhoids. We conducted a retrospective study of 99 patients with stages ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Sonographic appearance of anal cushions of hemorrhoids.
 

Author(s): Adilijiang Aimaiti, Ma Mu Ti Jiang A Ba Bai Ke Re, Irshat Ibrahim, Hui Chen, Maimaitituerxun Tuerdi, Mayinuer

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2017 May;23(20):3664-3674.

 

To evaluate the diagnostic value of different sonographic methods in hemorrhoids.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemorrhoids" returned 13 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization versus stapled hemorrhoidectomy in the treatment of hemorrhoids: A PRISMA-compliant updated meta-analysis of randomized control trials.
 

Author(s): Yan Song, Honglei Chen, Fang Yang, Yuheng Zeng, Yongheng He, Huiyong Huang

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(29):e11502.

 

The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) and stapled hemorrhoidectomy (SH) in the treatment of hemorrhoids by a meta-analysis.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Linking Brain Arteriovenous Malformations With Anorectal Hemorrhoids: A Clinical and Anatomical Review.
 

Author(s): Joshua A Cuoco, Christopher L Hoehmann, Kyle Hitscherich, Sherry M Zakhary, Joerg R Leheste, German Torres

Journal: Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2017 Nov;300(11):1973-1980.

 

Patients who harbor brain arteriovenous malformations are at risk for intracranial hemorrhage. These malformations are often seen in inherited vascular diseases such as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. However, malformations within the brain also sporadically occur without a ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Tribenoside and lidocaine in the local treatment of hemorrhoids: an overview of clinical evidence.
 

Author(s): Z Lorenc, Ö Gökçe

Journal: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016 06;20(12):2742-51.

 

The combination of tribenoside+lidocaine (Procto-Glyvenol®) is a medical preparation for the local treatment of hemorrhoids, delivered as a suppository or rectal cream. This product has been used for decades in the therapy of hemorrhoids. This review discusses available evidence ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Validation of Sodergren Score for Haemorrhoids in Malaysia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemorrhoids

 

Last Updated: 1 May 2018

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The Relationship Between Hemorrhoids and Smartphone Use in the Lavatory
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemorrhoids

 

Last Updated: 18 Feb 2018

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Multicenter Prospective Trial on Hemorrhoids
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemorrhoids

 

Last Updated: 7 Aug 2017

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