Hemorrhoids

Common Name(s)

Hemorrhoids, Piles

Hemorrhoids are swollen or inflamed veins in the anal canal. Hemorrhoids can be very painful, but generally do not cause further health problems. There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal or external. Symptoms depend on the type, but may include bleeding during bowel movements, itching, or pain in the anal area. Rectal bleeding may also be a sign of colon, rectal, or anal cancer, so further screening may be required if blood is found in the stool.

The veins affected by hemorrhoids drain blood from the anal canal, and become swollen from increased pressure (such as while straining to pass stool). Both straining and prolonged duration of bowel movements may increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids. Additionally, being overweight or pregnant may also lead to hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are very common, and it is estimated that over half of Americans will experience a hemorrhoid in their lifetime. They occur equally in men and women, and are seen most often in older adults.

Treatment for hemorrhoids may include changes in diet, exercise, steroids, or surgery. An increase in dietary fiber and fluid intake and adequate exercise reduce the risk of developing hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids are generally treated by dietary changes, stool softener, and anti-itch ointment. More severe internal hemorrhoids may require surgical procedures to decrease blood supply to the inflamed vein(s), causing it to shrink and go away. Other surgical procedures may be used if simpler methods do not work. If you have been diagnosed with hemorrhoids, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hemorrhoids" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hemorrhoids" returned 66 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and hemorrhoids: A nationwide cohort study.
 

Author(s): Lih-Hwa Lin, Justin Ji-Yuen Siu, Po-Chi Liao, Jen-Huai Chiang, Pei-Chi Chou, Huey-Yi Chen, Tsung-Jung Ho, Ming-Yen Tsai, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chi Chen

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Mar;96(10):e6281.

 

According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory, a specific physiological and pathological relationship exists between the lungs and the large intestine. The aim of this study is to delineate the association of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and hemorrhoids in ...

Last Updated: 8 Mar 2017

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Are Hemorrhoids Associated with False-Positive Fecal Immunochemical Test Results?
 

Author(s): Nam Hee Kim, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn, Kyuyong Choi, Yoon Suk Jung

Journal: Yonsei Med. J.. 2017 Jan;58(1):150-157.

 

False-positive (FP) results of fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) conducted in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening could lead to performing unnecessary colonoscopies. Hemorrhoids are a possible cause of FP FIT results; however, studies on this topic are extremely rare. We investigated ...

Last Updated: 22 Nov 2016

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Last Updated: 19 Sep 2016

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hemorrhoids" returned 10 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Treatment of hemorrhoids: A coloproctologist's view.
 

Author(s): Varut Lohsiriwat

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2015 Aug;21(31):9245-52.

 

Hemorrhoids is recognized as one of the most common medical conditions in general population. It is clinically characterized by painless rectal bleeding during defecation with or without prolapsing anal tissue. Generally, hemorrhoids can be divided into two types: internal hemorrhoid ...

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2015

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Surgical treatment of hemorrhoids: a critical appraisal of the current options.
 

Author(s): Marlise Mello Cerato, Nilo Luiz Cerato, PatrĂ­cia Passos, Alberto Treigue, Daniel C Damin

Journal: Arq Bras Cir Dig. ;27(1):66-70.

 

Surgical treatment of hemorrhoids is still a dilemma. New techniques have been developed leading to a lower rate of postoperative pain; however, they are associated with a greater likelihood of recurrence.

Last Updated: 28 Mar 2014

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Hemorrhoids: from basic pathophysiology to clinical management.
 

Author(s): Varut Lohsiriwat

Journal: World J. Gastroenterol.. 2012 May;18(17):2009-17.

 

This review discusses the pathophysiology, epidemiology, risk factors, classification, clinical evaluation, and current non-operative and operative treatment of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are defined as the symptomatic enlargement and distal displacement of the normal anal cushions. ...

Last Updated: 7 May 2012

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Validation of Sodergren Score for Haemorrhoids in Malaysia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemorrhoids

 

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2017

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Last Updated: 30 Mar 2017

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HAL-RAR Versus Hemorrhoidectomy in the Treatment of Grade III-IV Hemorrhoids. Prospective, Randomized Trial
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hemorrhoids; Pain, Postoperative

 

Last Updated: 18 Nov 2015

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