Hoarding disorder

Common Name(s)

Hoarding disorder, Compulsive hoarding syndrome

Compulsive hoarding syndrome causes a person to keep all of their possessions because they find it difficult to give them away. A person with this condition feels stress whenever they have to give up an item, no matter the value. This condition often causes people to have very messy homes due to the collection of too many possessions. Depending on the severity of the condition, it may affect a person’s daily life. Some people with compulsive hoarding syndrome even collect an excessive amount of animals. Because of the significant amount of animals collected, proper care is not usually provided which typically creates an unhealthy environment for both the person and the animals.

Symptoms of the disorder include extreme attachment to possessions, cluttered living spaces, collecting unnecessary items (such as excess napkins from a restaurant), or limited interaction with other people. There is no known cause for compulsive hoarding syndrome, but a person’s genetic makeup, brain chemistry, and a history of stressful events may play a role. Risk factors include old age (hoarding is more common in older adults), having an indecisive personality, having a family history, and social isolation.

In order to diagnose compulsive hoarding disorder, a doctor will likely perform a psychological evaluation. To receive a diagnosis of compulsive hoarding disorder, a person must meet specific criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which is determined by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). Treatment of compulsive hoarding syndrome is often difficult because many affected individuals do not recognize that they have a disorder. The two main methods of treatment are psychotherapy, also called talk therapy, and medications, usually antidepressants. If you or someone you know have symptoms of compulsive hoarding syndrome, talk with your doctor to discuss treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hoarding disorder" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hoarding disorder" returned 39 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Age-Specific Prevalence of Hoarding and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Population-Based Study.
 

Author(s): Danielle C Cath, Krystal Nizar, Dorret Boomsma, Carol A Mathews

Journal: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Mar;25(3):245-255.

 

Little is known about the age-specific prevalence of hoarding and obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS), particularly in older age groups. The objectives of this study were to estimate the age-specific prevalence, severity, and relationships between hoarding and OCS in males and females ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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An Exploratory Investigation of Animal Hoarding Symptoms in a Sample of Adults Diagnosed With Hoarding Disorder.
 

Author(s): Jennifer E Ung, Mary E Dozier, Christiana Bratiotis, Catherine R Ayers

Journal: J Clin Psychol. 2017 Sep;73(9):1114-1125.

 

The extant research on animal hoarding has a dearth of information on animal hoarding tendencies in adults diagnosed with hoarding disorder (HD). In the present study, we investigated possible recurrent animal hoarding behavioral and symptom patterns in individuals diagnosed with hoarding disorder.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Parental bonding and hoarding in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
 

Author(s): David Chen, O Joseph Bienvenu, Janice Krasnow, Ying Wang, Marco A Grados, Bernadette Cullen, Fernando S Goes, Brion Maher, Benjamin D Greenberg, Nicole C McLaughlin, Steven A Rasmussen, Abby J Fyer, James A Knowles, James T McCracken, John Piacentini, Dan Geller, David L Pauls, S Evelyn Stewart, Dennis L Murphy, Yin-Yao Shugart, Mark A Riddle, Gerald Nestadt, Jack Samuels

Journal: Compr Psychiatry. 2017 02;73():43-52.

 

Hoarding behavior may indicate a clinically and possibly etiologically distinct subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Empirical evidence supports a relationship between hoarding and emotional over-attachment to objects. However, little is known about the relationship between ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hoarding disorder" returned 1 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Nosological status of compulsive hoarding: obsessive-compulsive disorder subtype or independent clinical entity.
 

Author(s): Alvaro Frías-Ibáñez, Carol Palma-Sevillano, Francisco Barón-Fernández, Inma Bernáldez-Fernández, Elena Aluco-Sánchez

Journal: Actas Esp Psiquiatr. ;42(3):116-24.

 

This theoretical study reviews the main research and findings on the nosological status of compulsive hoarding. Specifically, it describes available empirical evidence in order to determine their independence or inclusion within the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a mental disorder ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Neural Mechanisms of Decision Making in Hoarding Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hoarding Disorder

 

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2018

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Self-Help Group for the Treatment of Hoarding Disorder
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hoarding Disorder

 

Last Updated: 13 Mar 2018

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Cognitive Rehab and Exposure Treatment for Hoarding
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hoarding Disorder

 

Last Updated: 12 Jul 2018

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