Human papillomavirus infection

Common Name(s)

Human papillomavirus infection, HPV

Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) is an infection that causes warts. There are more than 100 varieties of HPV. Different types of HPV infection can cause warts on different parts of your body. Only some types of genital HPV can cause cancer. Vaccines can help protect against the strains of genital HPV most likely to cause cervical cancer. Symptoms vary depending on the variety of HPV, but may include genital warts, common warts, plantar warts, flat warts, and cervical cancer. Some types of HPV infections occur when the virus enters your body through a cut or small tear in the outer layer of your skin. It is primarily transferred by skin-to skin contact.

Genital HPV infections are contracted through vaginal, anal, oral sex and other skin-to-skin contact in the genital region. Risk factors of HPV infection include weakened immune system, damaged skin, and personal contact. Serious complications of HPV infection are oral and upper respiratory lesions and cervical, genital, anus, mouth and upper respiratory tract cancer. Depending on the variety of HPV infection, your doctor may be able to diagnose with a visual inspection of any warts or lesions. If genital warts aren’t visible, a vinegar (acetic acid) solution test, Pap test, and DNA test may be used to diagnose HPV.

It is important to try to prevent HPV types that causes genital warts. You may be able to reduce your risk of developing genital warts by using a latex condom; this will prevent some but not all HPV transmission. The HPV vaccines are also important to prevent HPV infections that are most likely to cause cervical cancer. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends routine HPV vaccination for girls and boys ages 11 and 12. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with an HPV infection, talk to your doctor about the most current prevention and treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Human papillomavirus infection" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Human papillomavirus infection" for support, advocacy or research.

HealthyWomen

HealthyWomen (HW) is the nation's leading independent health information source for women. Our core mission is to educate, inform and empower women to make smart health choices for themselves and their families. For more than 20 years, millions of women have been coming to HW for answers to their most pressing and personal health care questions. Through our wide array of online and print publications, HW provides health information that is original, objective, reviewed by medical experts and reflective of the advances in evidence-based health research.

http://www.healthywomen.org

Last Updated: 9 Jul 2015

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Logo
The STD Project

Established in April of 2012 during STD Awareness Month, The STD Project is a multi-award-winning independent website and progressive movement eradicating STD stigma by facilitating and encouraging awareness, education, and acceptance through story-telling and resource recommendations. We are taking steps toward modern-day sexual health and prevention by advocating for conscientious and informed decisions.

http://www.thestdproject.com/

Last Updated: 11 Jul 2016

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Human papillomavirus infection" returned 723 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Prevalence and risk factors of anal human papillomavirus infection among HIV-negative men who have sex with men in Urumqi city of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China.
 

Author(s): Tian Tian, Peierdun Mijiti, Huang Bingxue, Zhang Fadong, Abidan Ainiwaer, Sang Guoyao, Zhang Zhanlin, Yeledan Mahan, Tuo Xiaoqin, Gong Zheng, Dai Jianghong

Journal:

 

Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection among men who have sex with men (MSM). Study on prevalence and risk factors of anal HPV infection among HIV-negative MSM in Northwestern China was rare.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Prevalence and determinants of oral infection by Human Papillomavirus in HIV-infected and uninfected men who have sex with men.
 

Author(s): Francesca Rollo, Alessandra Latini, Barbara Pichi, Manuela Colafigli, Maria Benevolo, Ilenia Sinopoli, Isabella Sperduti, Valentina Laquintana, Giulia Fabbri, Mirko Frasca, Antonio Cristaudo, Massimo Giuliani, Maria Gabriella Donà

Journal:

 

Oral Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection is rare in the general population but common in high-risk individuals. Recent data indicate that oral HPV is associated with the development of head and neck carcinomas. HPV16 infection, in particular, increases the risk of oropharyngeal cancer.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Analysis of epidemiological trends in human papillomavirus infection among gynaecological outpatients in Hangzhou, China, 2011-2015.
 

Author(s): Lili Qian, Yu Zhang, Dawei Cui, Bin Lou, Yimin Chen, Ying Yu, Yonglin Liu, Yu Chen

Journal:

 

BACKGROUND: HPV infection is the major pathogenic factor underlying cervical cancer and precancerous lesions. The cervical HPV infection rates in gynaecological outpatients from Hangzhou, China, were studied in the period from January 2011 to December 2015. METHODS: Exfoliated ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Human papillomavirus infection" returned 62 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Systematic review of cost-effectiveness analyses for combinations of prevention strategies against human papillomavirus (HPV) infection: a general trend.
 

Author(s): Frédéric Gervais, Kyle Dunton, Yiling Jiang, Nathalie Largeron

Journal:

 

Due to the arrival of multi-valent HPV vaccines, it is more and more important to have a better understanding of the relationship between vaccination and screening programmes. This review aimed to: (1) collect published evidence on the cost-effectiveness profile of different HPV prevention ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Carcinogenicity of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Types in HIV-Positive Women: A Meta-Analysis From HPV Infection to Cervical Cancer.
 

Author(s): Gary M Clifford, Stephen Tully, Silvia Franceschi

Journal: Clin. Infect. Dis.. 2017 05;64(9):1228-1235.

 

Data on the relative carcinogenic potential of human papillomavirus (HPV) types among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (WHIV) are needed to inform prevention programs for this population.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The vaginal microbiota, human papillomavirus infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: what do we know and where are we going next?
 

Author(s): Anita Mitra, David A MacIntyre, Julian R Marchesi, Yun S Lee, Phillip R Bennett, Maria Kyrgiou

Journal:

 

The vaginal microbiota plays a significant role in health and disease of the female reproductive tract. Next-generation sequencing techniques based upon the analysis of bacterial 16S rRNA genes permit in-depth study of vaginal microbial community structure to a level of detail not ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Lubricant Investigation in Men to Inhibit Transmission of HPV Infection
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Human Papillomavirus Infection

 

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2017

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Vaccine Therapy in Preventing Human Papillomavirus Infection in Younger Cancer Survivors
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Cancer Survivor; Prevention of Human Papillomavirus Infection

 

Last Updated: 13 Oct 2017

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HPV Vaccination in Women With Cystic Fibrosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Human Papillomavirus Infection

 

Last Updated: 28 Aug 2017

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