Hyperaldosteronism is a disorder caused by malfunctioning adrenal glands, which are found above the kidneys. The adrenal glands release too much aldosterone, which is a hormone. Aldosterone helps keep sodium and potassium at proper levels in the body to control blood pressure.
There are two forms of hyperaldosteronism: primary and secondary. Primary is when the adrenal glands have a problem, which is usually due to a noncancerous tumor. Secondary is caused when the body has a problem somewhere else that triggers the glands to release too much of the hormone.
Hyperaldosteronism is most common for people between the ages of 30 and 50. Some forms of hyperaldosteronism can be inherited, which means it is passed down from parents to children.
Symptoms of hyperaldosteronism include high blood pressure, high levels of calcium, tiredness, headaches, weak muscles, numbness, and the inability to move certain body parts sometimes. Symptoms are usually treated with surgeries or medicines. Other options include reducing the amount of salt in the diet or taking medicines to help normalize the hormone levels.
If you or a family member has been diagnosed with hyperaldosteronism, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options as well as signs that you may need immediate medical attention.