Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that appears in late childhood or adolescence. Instead of growing straight, the spine develops a side-to-side curvature, usually in an elongated "s" or "C" shape, and the bones of the spine become slightly twisted or rotated. In many cases, the abnormal spinal curve is stable; however, in some children, the curve becomes more severe over time (progressive). For unknown reasons, severe and progressive curves occur more frequently in girls than in boys. The cause of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. It is likely that there are both genetic and environmental factors involved. Treatment may include observation, bracing and/or surgery.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 323 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Predicting massive transfusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients undergoing corrective surgery: Association of preoperative radiographic findings.
 

Author(s): Ha-Jung Kim, Hee-Sun Park, Min-Jeong Jang, Won Uk Koh, Jun-Gol Song, Choon-Sung Lee, Hong-Seuk Yang, Young-Jin Ro

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10972.

 

Corrective surgery with a posterior approach for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is often accompanied by considerable bleeding. Massive transfusion after excessive hemorrhage is associated with complications such as hypothermia, coagulopathy, and acid-base imbalance. Therefore, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Does pedicle screw density matter in Lenke type 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?
 

Author(s): Kerim Sariyilmaz, Okan Ozkunt, Gokhan Karademir, Halil Can Gemalmaz, Fatih Dikici, Unsal Domanic

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(2):e9581.

 

The aim of this study is to compare the effects of high versus low implant density on correction in Lenke type 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A retrospective study of 59 Lenke type 5 AIS patients treated at a single institution were divided into to 2 groups according ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Analysis of correlation between regional implant density and the correction rate in treatment of Lenke 1A and 1B adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with pedicle screws.
 

Author(s): Yanming Li, Changwei Yang, Xiaodong Zhu, Ming Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(2):e9488.

 

A retrospective study.The optimal implant density in patients with Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is undefined, and there is no study reporting the correlation between the partitional implant density and the correction outcome.To determine whether the implant density ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 33 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of vitamin D receptor BsmI rs1544410 and ApaI rs7975232 polymorphisms with susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Xin Yin, Huadong Wang, Jidong Guo, Liang Zhang, Yupeng Zhang, Li Li, Shuxun Hou

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(2):e9627.

 

AIS is the most common spinal deformity disease, yet its etiology remains uncertain. Significant associations have been found between AIS risk and vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms; however, some of these results are controversial. The aim of this study was to determine ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Current insights into the aetiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Michal Latalski, A Danielewicz-Bromberek, M Fatyga, M Latalska, M Kröber, P Zwolak

Journal: Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2017 Oct;137(10):1327-1333.

 

Scoliosis occurs in about 0.2-0.6% of the general population. In the majority of cases the cause of this entity remains mostly unidentified. The search for the causes covers almost all aspects of its possible origin. We collected and systematised the contemporary theories and concepts ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis with emphasis on complications and reoperations.
 

Author(s): Ming Luo, Ning Li, Mingkui Shen, Lei Xia

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(27):e7337.

 

Incidence of complications and reoperations between pedicle screw (PS) and hybrid instrumentations (HI) are still controversial in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to compare overall complications, reoperations, and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Lung Regeneration After Posterior Spinal Fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis Idiopathic Adolescent

 

Last Updated: 16 May 2018

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Efficacy of Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis Idiopathic Adolescent

 

Last Updated: 2 May 2018

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A New Spinal Brace Design Concept for the Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2017

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