Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Common Name(s)

Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that appears in late childhood or adolescence. Instead of growing straight, the spine develops a side-to-side curvature, usually in an elongated "s" or "C" shape, and the bones of the spine become slightly twisted or rotated. In many cases, the abnormal spinal curve is stable; however, in some children, the curve becomes more severe over time (progressive). For unknown reasons, severe and progressive curves occur more frequently in girls than in boys. The cause of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. It is likely that there are both genetic and environmental factors involved. Treatment may include observation, bracing and/or surgery.
 

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" for support, advocacy or research.

There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. Create a listing.

 

 

General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 331 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Clinical outcomes of posterior pedicle screw instrumentation without osteotomy in the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Ning Li, Chen Xu, Ming-Kui Shen, Ming Luo, Jie Wang, Lei Xia

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Sep;97(36):e12122.

 

The aim of the study was to identify the effectiveness of posterior pedicle screw instrumentation without osteotomy in the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).The AIS patients underwent standing anteroposterior and lateral radiography before and after surgery. Age, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A retrospective controlled clinical study of Cobb angle distribution of the main thoracic curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Jian Zhao, Jianping Fan, Yuanyuan Chen, Changwei Yang, Gengwu Li, Ming Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jul;97(28):e11473.

 

To compare the characteristics of Cobb angle distribution of the main thoracic curve (MTC) in patients with Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and differences in fulcrum-bending flexibility, correction rate, and correction index between different segments.Included in this ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Characteristics of Cobb angle distribution in the main thoracolumbar/lumbar curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A retrospective controlled clinical study.
 

Author(s): Jian Zhao, Jianping Fan, Hui Shen, Changwei Yang, Yuanyuan Chen, Ming Li

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(25):e11216.

 

A single-center retrospective analysis of 46 patients with Lenke 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).To compare Cobb angle distribution in different segments of the main thoracolumbar/lumbar curve in patients with Lenke 5 AIS, and differences in the lateral-bending flexibility, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis" returned 33 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Association of vitamin D receptor BsmI rs1544410 and ApaI rs7975232 polymorphisms with susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Xin Yin, Huadong Wang, Jidong Guo, Liang Zhang, Yupeng Zhang, Li Li, Shuxun Hou

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jan;97(2):e9627.

 

AIS is the most common spinal deformity disease, yet its etiology remains uncertain. Significant associations have been found between AIS risk and vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms; however, some of these results are controversial. The aim of this study was to determine ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Current insights into the aetiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
 

Author(s): Michal Latalski, A Danielewicz-Bromberek, M Fatyga, M Latalska, M Kröber, P Zwolak

Journal: Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2017 Oct;137(10):1327-1333.

 

Scoliosis occurs in about 0.2-0.6% of the general population. In the majority of cases the cause of this entity remains mostly unidentified. The search for the causes covers almost all aspects of its possible origin. We collected and systematised the contemporary theories and concepts ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis with emphasis on complications and reoperations.
 

Author(s): Ming Luo, Ning Li, Mingkui Shen, Lei Xia

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2017 Jul;96(27):e7337.

 

Incidence of complications and reoperations between pedicle screw (PS) and hybrid instrumentations (HI) are still controversial in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to compare overall complications, reoperations, and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Efficacy of Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis Specific Exercises in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Scoliosis Idiopathic Adolescent

 

Last Updated: 2 May 2018

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Ergonomic Brace Wear for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 3 Aug 2018

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A New Spinal Brace Design Concept for the Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

 

Last Updated: 6 Dec 2017

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