Ingrown toenail

Common Name(s)

Ingrown toenail

Ingrown toenail occurs when part of a toenail begins to grow into the skin, causing pain, redness and swelling (inflammation), and sometimes infection in the toe. The condition usually affects the nail of the big toe, but can affect any toenail. Symptoms include pain along one or both sides of the nail, redness around the toenail, swelling of the toe, and infection. An ingrown toenail typically gets better without treatment and does not cause long-term problems. However, an ingrown toenail in someone with diabetes can be dangerous, as poor blood flow to the infected foot can lead to the loss of part or all of the foot.

Ingrown toenails typically occur from cutting the toenail too short or by wearing shoes that do not fit well. Injuring your toenail or having unusually curved toenails can also be a cause. Your doctor will diagnose the condition with an examination of the affected toe. Treatments include lifting the nail (with cotton or dental floss), partially removing the nail, or removing the nail and the skin around the nail. If the toe has become infected, antibiotics may be needed. If you have an ingrown toenail, talk with your doctor to decide the treatment option that is best for you.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Ingrown toenail" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Ingrown toenail" returned 6 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Controlled trial comparing the efficacy of 88% phenol versus 10% sodium hydroxide for chemical matricectomy in the management of ingrown toenail.
 

Author(s): Chander Grover, Ananta Khurana, Sambit Nath Bhattacharya, Arun Sharma

Journal: Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. ;81(5):472-7.

 

Partial nail avulsion with lateral chemical matricectomy is the treatment of choice for ingrown toenails. Phenol (88%) is the most widely used chemical agent but prolonged postoperative drainage and collateral damage are common. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) 10% has fewer side-effects.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A case of ingrown toenail accompanied by extreme soft tissue hypertrophy to the extent of invisible nail.
 

Author(s): Fırat Seyfettinoğlu, Özgür Sünneli, Ali Dülgeroğlu, Osman Arslan Bora

Journal: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2012 ;46(5):407-10.

 

Ingrown nails occur when the nail fold grows inwards into the nail bed. This condition affects daily life and causes a loss of labor, and therefore, should be meticulously tackled and immediately treated. Ingrown nail is categorized in three stages based on pain, erythema, infection, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Treatment of ingrown toenail with proximolateral matrix partial excision and matrix phenolization.
 

Author(s): Nezih Karaca, Tugrul Dereli

Journal: Ann Fam Med. ;10(6):556-9.

 

Ingrown toenail is one of the most common nail conditions. Although many surgical treatments are described for complicated cases, recurrence of pain and postoperative disability are common. We evaluated the long-term efficacy of proximolateral matrix partial excision followed by chemical ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Ingrown toenail" returned 3 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Management of the ingrown toenail.
 

Author(s): Joel J Heidelbaugh, Hobart Lee

Journal: Am Fam Physician. 2009 Feb;79(4):303-8.

 

Ingrown toenail, or onychocryptosis, most commonly affects the great toenail. Many anatomic and behavioral factors are thought to contribute to ingrown toenails, such as improper trimming, repetitive or inadvertent trauma, genetic predisposition, hyperhidrosis, and poor foot hygiene. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Ingrown toenail or overgrown toe skin?: Alternative treatment for onychocryptosis.
 

Author(s): Henry Chapeskie

Journal: Can Fam Physician. 2008 Nov;54(11):1561-2.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Ingrown toenail removal.
 

Author(s): Thomas J Zuber

Journal: Am Fam Physician. 2002 Jun;65(12):2547-52, 2554.

 

Ingrown toenail is a common problem resulting from various etiologies including improperly trimmed nails, hyperhidrosis, and poorly fitting shoes. Patients commonly present with pain in the affected nail but with progression, drainage, infection, and difficulty walking occur. Excision ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Clinical Efficacy of Nail Brace for Treatment of Ingrown Toenails
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Ingrown Nail

 

Last Updated: 29 Dec 2016

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