Iron deficiency anemia

Common Name(s)

Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia. Anemia occurs when there are not enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by our body not having enough iron. We get iron from our food, and also reuse (recycle) the iron from old red blood cells when they are taken from out of our system by the spleen. Iron is part of hemoglobin which is the molecule inside red blood cells which carries oxygen.

Symptoms may include extreme tiredness (fatigue), pale skin, weakness, shortness of breath, chest pain, frequent infections, headache, dizziness, cold hands and feet, soreness of your tongue, brittle nails, fast heartbeat, unusual craving for non-nutritive substances, such as ice or dirt, poor appetite, and uncomfortable tingling in your legs. Causes may include blood loss, a lack of iron in your diet, pregnancy, or an inability to absorb iron. Conditions which may make it difficult to absorb iron include Celiac disease and Crohn’s disease. Gastric bypass surgery or taking too many calcium based antacids may also decrease iron absorption.

Some individuals are at higher risk of developing iron deficiency anemia including women, infants and children, and frequent blood donors. Mild iron deficiency anemia doesn’t usually have complication. Severe iron deficiency anemia may lead to health problem including heart problems, problems during pregnancy, and growth problems. To diagnose iron deficiency anemia, your doctor will run blood work to determine your red blood cell size and color, hematocrit (the percentage of your blood volume made up of red blood cells), hemoglobin, and ferritin (protein that helps store iron in your body). Your doctor may recommend iron supplement to treat iron deficiency anemia. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia, talk to your doctor about the most current treatment options.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Iron deficiency anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Iron deficiency anemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Center for Jewish Genetics

The Center is dedicated to gathering and disseminating knowledge about Jewish genetic disorders and hereditary cancers. Its mission is to educate and serve health care professionals, clergy and the Jewish community.

http://www.jewishgenetics.org

Last Updated: 26 Dec 2012

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Iron deficiency anemia" returned 377 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Koilonychia in Iron-Deficiency Anemia.
 

Author(s): Samad Ghaffari, Leili Pourafkari

Journal: N. Engl. J. Med.. 2018 Aug;379(9):e13.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Effect of dietary intervention treatment on children with iron deficiency anemia in China: a meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Jian Sun, Lei Zhang, Jing Cui, Shanshan Li, Hongting Lu, Yong Zhang, Haiming Li, Jianping Sun, Zulqarnain Baloch

Journal:

 

Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of dietary approaches for iron deficiency anemia (IDA) control. This study was design to investigate the effect of dietary intervention treatment on children with iron deficiency anemia.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Optimal Serum Ferritin Levels for Iron Deficiency Anemia during Oral Iron Therapy (OIT) in Japanese Hemodialysis Patients with Minor Inflammation and Benefit of Intravenous Iron Therapy for OIT-Nonresponders.
 

Author(s): Kazuya Takasawa, Chikako Takaeda, Takashi Wada, Norishi Ueda

Journal:

 

We determined optimal serum ferritin for oral iron therapy (OIT) in hemodialysis (HD) patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA)/minor inflammation, and benefit of intravenous iron therapy (IIT) for OIT-nonresponders. Inclusion criteria were IDA (Hb <120 g/L, serum ferritin <227.4 ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Iron deficiency anemia" returned 48 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

A 10-year delayed diagnosis of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome characterized by refractory iron-deficiency anemia: A case report and literature review.
 

Author(s): Xue Tang, Ju Gao, Xue Yang, Xia Guo

Journal: Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Jun;97(22):e10873.

 

Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare vascular disorder consisting of multifocal venous malformations. Delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis frequently occurs in patients without typical cutaneous lesions or gastrointestinal bleeding symptoms. This article reports a 10-year ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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A follow-up on desiderosmia (olfactory craving), a novel symptom associated with iron deficiency anemia.
 

Author(s): Bryar R Hansen, Wayne A Bottner, Aishwarya Ravindran, Ramona DeJesus, Ronald S Go

Journal: Am. J. Hematol.. 2017 Sep;92(9):E546.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Iron deficiency anemia in chronic kidney disease: Uncertainties and cautions.
 

Author(s): Rajiv Agarwal

Journal: Hemodial Int. 2017 06;21 Suppl 1():S78-S82.

 

Anemia in chronic kidney disease is common and iron deficiency is an important cause. To repair iron-deficiency anemia, replacement of iron is needed. Iron can be replaced either by the oral route or by the intravenous route. In a meta-analysis, 5 of the 6 trials were short-term, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Buxue Yimu Pills for Gynecological Iron-Deficiency Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron-Deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 10 Feb 2018

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Ferrous Acetyl-Aspartate Casein Formulation Evaluation Over Ferrous Sulfate in Iron Deficiency Anemia
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron Deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 29 Jun 2018

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Daily vs Alternate Day Iron Supplementation for Pregnant Women With Iron Deficiency Anemia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Iron Deficiency Anemia

 

Last Updated: 18 Jun 2018

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