Japanese encephalitis

Common Name(s)

Japanese encephalitis

Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is a viral disease that infects humans and animals. JE causes inflammation of the membranes around the brain. It is transmitted to humans through bites from infected mosquitoes. This disease is mainly in rural and partially urban settings, with transmission often increasing during the rainy seasons, when large epidemics can occur. Signs and symptoms of JE are typically mild and include fever and headache. More severe symptoms of JE include rapid onset of high fever, headache, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, seizures, spastic paralysis, and death. Those who survive may suffer permanent intellectual, behavioral, or neurological problems, such as paralysis, recurrent seizures, or the inability to speak. There is currently no cure for JE, but safe and effective vaccines are available to prevent JE.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Japanese encephalitis" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Japanese encephalitis" returned 449 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Entomological investigation of Japanese encephalitis outbreak in Malkangiri district of Odisha state, India.
 

Author(s): Sudhansu Sekhar Sahu, Smrutidhara Dash, Thankachy Sonia, Subramaniam Muthukumaravel, Thirumal Sankari, Kasinathan Gunasekaran, Purushothaman Jambulingam

Journal:

 

A severe outbreak of Japanese encephalitis (JE) and acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) with high case fatality was reported from Malkangiri district of Odisha state, India during September to November 2016 affecting 336 children with 103 deaths.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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The Relationship between Japanese Encephalitis and Environmental Factors in China Explored Using National Surveillance Data.
 

Author(s): Xiao Xia Huang, Lei Yan, Xiao Yan Gao, Yu Huan Ren, Shi Hong Fu, Yu Xi Cao, Ying He, Wen Wen Lei, Guo Dong Liang, Shi Wen Wang, Huan Yu Wang

Journal: Biomed. Environ. Sci.. 2018 Mar;31(3):227-232.

 

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a serious public health issue. This study was undertaken to better understand the relationship between JE distribution and environmental factors in China. JE data from 2005 to 2010 were retrieved from National Notifiable Disease Report System. ArcGIS, ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Fatal Meningoencephalomyelitis due to the Tick-borne Encephalitis Virus: The First Detailed Neurological Observation in a Japanese Patient from the Central Part of Hokkaido Island.
 

Author(s): Yasutaka Tajima, Hiroaki Yaguchi, Yasunori Mito

Journal: Intern. Med.. 2018 ;57(6):873-876.

 

To date, the only instance of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in Japan was reported from the southern part of Hokkaido Island in 1993; no other cases have been reported since then. We herein report the first case of TBE reported in the central part of Hokkaido Island, and describe the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Japanese encephalitis" returned 37 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Development of an improved RT-qPCR Assay for detection of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) RNA including a systematic review and comprehensive comparison with published methods.
 

Author(s): Tehmina Bharucha, Onanong Sengvilaipaseuth, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Malavanh Vongsouvath, Viengmon Davong, Phonepasith Panyanouvong, Géraldine Piorkowski, Jeremy A Garson, Paul N Newton, Xavier de Lamballerie, Audrey Dubot-Pérès

Journal:

 

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a major cause of encephalitis in Asia, and the commonest cause of mosquito-borne encephalitis worldwide. Detection of JEV RNA remains challenging due to the characteristic brief and low viraemia, with 0-25% of patients positive, and the mainstay ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Systematic review of seroepidemiological studies on Japanese encephalitis in the Republic of Korea.
 

Author(s): Young June Choe, Anne-Frieda Taurel, Joshua Nealon, Han Seok Seo, Hee Soo Kim

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2018 Feb;67():14-19.

 

Countries with strong vaccination programmes, including the Republic of Korea, have experienced changes in the epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis (JE), with an increase in cases seen among adults. However, the reasons for this increase are not clearly understood. This study describes ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Meta-analyses of the proportion of Japanese encephalitis virus infection in vectors and vertebrate hosts.
 

Author(s): Ana R S Oliveira, Lee W Cohnstaedt, Erin Strathe, Luciana Etcheverry Hernández, D Scott McVey, José Piaggio, Natalia Cernicchiaro

Journal:

 

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a zoonosis in Southeast Asia vectored by mosquitoes infected with the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). Japanese encephalitis is considered an emerging exotic infectious disease with potential for introduction in currently JEV-free countries. Pigs and ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Postmarketing Surveillance Study for IMOJEV® in Republic of Korea
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Japanese Encephalitis

 

Last Updated: 5 Feb 2018

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