Legionnaires' disease

Common Name(s)

Legionnaires' disease

Legionnaires' disease is a severe form of pneumonia (lung inflammation usually caused by infection). Legionnaires’ disease is caused by a bacterium known as legionella. Most people get Legionnaires’ disease from inhaling the bacteria. People who smoke, are older than 50, or have a weakened immune system are at higher risk of developing Legionnaires’ disease. The legionella bacterium also causes Pontiac fever, a milder illness resembling the flu.

Symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, gastrointestinal symptoms, and confusion or other mental changes. Complications can be serious and life threatening including respiratory failure, septic shock, and acute kidney failure. To diagnosis Legionnaires’ disease and the presence of legionella bacteria, your doctor may use a blood test, chest X-ray, sample of you lung tissue or a CT scan. Legionnaires’ disease is treated with antibiotics and in some cases may require hospitalization. If you or a family member has been diagnosed with Legionnaires’ disease, talk with your doctor about the most current treatment options.

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Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Legionnaires' disease" for support, advocacy or research.

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Legionnaires' disease" returned 250 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Legionnaires' Disease Outbreak Caused by Endemic Strain of Legionella pneumophila, New York, New York, USA, 2015.
 

Author(s): Pascal Lapierre, Elizabeth Nazarian, Yan Zhu, Danielle Wroblewski, Amy Saylors, Teresa Passaretti, Scott Hughes, Anthony Tran, Ying Lin, John Kornblum, Shatavia S Morrison, Jeffrey W Mercante, Robert Fitzhenry, Don Weiss, Brian H Raphael, Jay K Varma, Howard A Zucker, Jennifer L Rakeman, Kimberlee A Musser

Journal: Emerging Infect. Dis.. 2017 11;23(11):1784-1791.

 

During the summer of 2015, New York, New York, USA, had one of the largest and deadliest outbreaks of Legionnaires' disease in the history of the United States. A total of 138 cases and 16 deaths were linked to a single cooling tower in the South Bronx. Analysis of environmental samples ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Increase in Legionnaires' disease cases associated with travel to Dubai among travellers from the United Kingdom, Sweden and the Netherlands, October 2016 to end August 2017.
 

Author(s): Gavin Dabrera, Petra Brandsema, Margareta Lofdahl, Falguni Naik, Ross Cameron, Jim McMenamin, Richard Pebody, Nick Phin

Journal: Euro Surveill.. 2017 Sep;22(38):.

 

Between 1 October 2016 and 31 August 2017, 51 Legionnaires' disease (LD) cases from the United Kingdom, Sweden and the Netherlands were identified with associated travel to Dubai. Cases did not all stay in the same accommodation, indicating that no single accommodation could be the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Community-acquired Legionnaires' Disease in a Newly Constructed Apartment Building.
 

Author(s): Sukhyun Ryu, Kyungho Yang, Byung Chul Chun

Journal: J Prev Med Public Health. 2017 Jul;50(4):274-277.

 

Legionnaires' disease (LD) is a severe type of pneumonia caused by inhalation of aerosols contaminated with . On September 22, 2016, a single case of LD was reported from a newly built apartment building in Gyeonggi province. This article describes an epidemiologic investigation of ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Legionnaires' disease" returned 6 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Diagnostic testing for Legionnaires' disease.
 

Author(s): David M Pierre, Julianne Baron, Victor L Yu, Janet E Stout

Journal:

 

Legionnaires' disease is commonly diagnosed clinically using a urinary antigen test. The urinary antigen test is highly accurate for L. pneumophila serogroup 1, however other diagnostic tests should also be utilized in conjunction with the urinary antigen as many other Legionella ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Legionnaires' Disease in Hotels and Passenger Ships: A Systematic Review of Evidence, Sources, and Contributing Factors.
 

Author(s): Varvara A Mouchtouri, James W Rudge

Journal: J Travel Med. ;22(5):325-37.

 

Travel-associated Legionnaires' disease (LD) is a serious problem, and hundreds of cases are reported every year among travelers who stayed at hotels, despite the efforts of international and governmental authorities and hotel operators to prevent additional cases.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Legionella, Legionnaires' disease].
 

Author(s): Yvan Jamilloux, Sophie Jarraud, Gérard Lina, Jérôme Etienne, Florence Ader

Journal: Med Sci (Paris). ;28(6-7):639-45.

 

Legionella is the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease, a severe form of pneumonia. Detection of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 antigen in urine samples has shortened the delay of diagnosis and subsequent treatment initiation resulting in decreased mortality. Improved surveillance ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Legionnaires' Effect on Smell
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Legionnaires' Disease

 

Last Updated: 27 Apr 2018

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Bacterial and Human Biomarkers of Prognostic Value for Severe Legionnaire's Disease
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Legionella

 

Last Updated: 17 Aug 2017

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Impact of Legionella Urine Antigen Testing (LUAT) on the Local Epidemiology and Diagnosis of Legionella Pneumonia
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Legionella Pneumophila Pneumonia

 

Last Updated: 26 Jun 2017

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