Hypoglycemia

Common Name(s)

Hypoglycemia, Low blood sugar

Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is an abnormally low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Since glucose is the body’s main source of energy, long periods of low blood sugar can cause significant health problems, including seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death. Initial signs of hypoglycemia include an abnormal heartbeat (palpitations), low energy (fatigue), anxiety, irritability, trembling, and weakness. Without treatment, hypoglycemia can lead to poor concentration, numbness of the mouth, blurred vision and coma.

Hypoglycemia is considered a symptom and not a disease. There are many causes of hypoglycemia. The most common reason is a reaction to certain diabetes medications, specifically insulin. Other less common causes of hypoglycemia include excessive alcohol consumption, certain liver diseases, conditions that cause a person to make too much insulin, and genetic conditions that stop a person from breaking down certain parts of food (protein, fats and sugars). If you or your child’s doctor suspects hypoglycemia, they can confirm the diagnosis by measuring a blood glucose level. A person meets the criteria for hypoglycemia if their symptoms are present during times of low blood sugar and they go away when the blood sugar returns to normal. The treatment of hypoglycemia depends on the cause. The goal of treatment is to raise blood sugar, which can usually be done by consuming fast-acting sugars like candy and fruit juice. If the hypoglycemia is severe enough, your doctor may use glucagon, a hormone that tells your body to immediately raise the blood sugar. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hypoglycemia, talk with your doctor to identify the cause and determine the best treatment.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 962 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Executive function assessment in New Zealand 2-year olds born at risk of neonatal hypoglycemia.
 

Author(s): Judith M Ansell, Trecia A Wouldes, Jane E Harding,

Journal:

 

A growing number of babies are born with perinatal risk factors that may impair later development. These children are often assessed at 2 years to help predict outcome and direct support services. Executive function is an important predictor of academic achievement and behavior, but ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Poly((D,L)lactic-glycolic)acid-star glucose nanoparticles for glucose transporter and hypoglycemia-mediated tumor targeting.
 

Author(s): Ju-Hwan Park, Hyun-Jong Cho, Dae-Duk Kim

Journal:

 

Poly((D,L)lactic-glycolic)acid-star glucose (PLGA-Glc) polymer-based nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated for tumor-targeted delivery of docetaxel (DCT). NPs with an approximate mean diameter of 241 nm, narrow size distribution, negative zeta potential, and spherical shape were prepared. ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Paroxysmal muscle weakness, liver enlargement, and hypoglycemia in a boy].
 

Author(s): Ya-Jie Cui, Chun-Lan Song, Yi-Bing Cheng

Journal: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2017 Oct;19(10):1104-1108.

 

A boy aged 11 years was admitted due to intermittent weakness and difficulty in walking for 6 years, and hepatomegaly, glycopenia and unconsciousness for 4 years. The laboratory examinations showed severe metabolic acidosis, hypoglycemia, and abnormal liver function. CT scan showed ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 91 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

MANAGEMENT OF ENDOCRINE DISEASE: Pathogenesis and management of hypoglycemia.
 

Author(s): Nana Esi Kittah, Adrian Vella

Journal: Eur. J. Endocrinol.. 2017 Jul;177(1):R37-R47.

 

Glucose is the main substrate utilized by the brain and as such multiple regulatory mechanisms exist to maintain glucose concentrations. When these mechanisms fail or are defective, hypoglycemia ensues. Due to these robust mechanisms, hypoglycemia is uncommon and usually occurs in ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Sensor-Augmented Insulin Pumps and Hypoglycemia Prevention in Type 1 Diabetes.
 

Author(s): Isabelle Steineck, Ajenthen Ranjan, Kirsten Nørgaard, Signe Schmidt

Journal: J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2017 Jan;11(1):50-58.

 

Hypoglycemia can lead to seizures, unconsciousness, or death. Insulin pump treatment reduces the frequency of severe hypoglycemia compared with multiple daily injections treatment. The addition of a continuous glucose monitor, so-called sensor-augmented pump (SAP) treatment, has the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Metabolic control in the critically ill patient an update: hyperglycemia, glucose variability hypoglycemia and relative hypoglycemia].
 

Author(s): Ángel Augusto Pérez-Calatayud, Ariadna Guillén-Vidaña, Irving Santiago Fraire-Félix, Eduardo Daniel Anica-Malagón, Jesús Carlos Briones Garduño, Raúl Carrillo-Esper

Journal: Cir Cir. ;85(1):93-100.

 

Metabolic changes of glucose in critically ill patients increase morbidity and mortality. The appropriate level of blood glucose has not been established so far and should be adjusted for different populations. However concepts such as glucose variability and relative hypoglycemia ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hypoglycemia and the Gut Microbiome
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2018

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Last Updated: 2 Feb 2017

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Hypoglycemia and Autonomic Nervous System Function
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 21 Jul 2017

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