Hypoglycemia

Common Name(s)

Hypoglycemia, Low blood sugar

Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is an abnormally low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Since glucose is the body’s main source of energy, long periods of low blood sugar can cause significant health problems, including seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death. Initial signs of hypoglycemia include an abnormal heartbeat (palpitations), low energy (fatigue), anxiety, irritability, trembling, and weakness. Without treatment, hypoglycemia can lead to poor concentration, numbness of the mouth, blurred vision and coma.

Hypoglycemia is considered a symptom and not a disease. There are many causes of hypoglycemia. The most common reason is a reaction to certain diabetes medications, specifically insulin. Other less common causes of hypoglycemia include excessive alcohol consumption, certain liver diseases, conditions that cause a person to make too much insulin, and genetic conditions that stop a person from breaking down certain parts of food (protein, fats and sugars). If you or your child’s doctor suspects hypoglycemia, they can confirm the diagnosis by measuring a blood glucose level. A person meets the criteria for hypoglycemia if their symptoms are present during times of low blood sugar and they go away when the blood sugar returns to normal. The treatment of hypoglycemia depends on the cause. The goal of treatment is to raise blood sugar, which can usually be done by consuming fast-acting sugars like candy and fruit juice. If the hypoglycemia is severe enough, your doctor may use glucagon, a hormone that tells your body to immediately raise the blood sugar. If you or your child has been diagnosed with hypoglycemia, talk with your doctor to identify the cause and determine the best treatment.

Source: Advocacy organizations associated with the condition.

 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Hypoglycemia" for support, advocacy or research.

Isabella's Aviary Alliance, LLC

Isabella’s Aviary Alliance, LLC actively demonstrates, through Isabella’s passionate and loving care in breeding and raising baby parrots for other special needs children, the possibility for two hearts—bird and child—coming together and connecting in a way which infinitely brightens the lives of both.

http://www.isabellasaviary.com

Last Updated: 2 Aug 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 999 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Asymptomatic Reactive Hypoglycemia and Inflammatory Reaction in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease.
 

Author(s): Makoto Murata, Hitoshi Adachi, Shigeru Oshima, Masahiko Kurabayashi

Journal: Int Heart J. 2018 Jul;59(4):705-712.

 

Hyperglycemia is an established risk factor of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, hyperglycemia with preserved pancreatic β cell function induces hyperinsulinemia to correct the glucose profile and may even result in reactive hypoglycemia (RH), which induces an inflammatory ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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[Hypoglycemia in an emergency room. Review of 251 cases].
 

Author(s): Cecilia Vargas R, Fernando San Cristóbal, Paula Jara, Sebastián López, Juan Trujillo

Journal: Rev Med Chil. 2017 Nov;145(11):1387-1393.

 

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Ketotic Hypoglycemia in Children with Previous Transient Congenital Hyperinsulinism.
 

Author(s): Prashant Patil, Dinesh Giri, Mohammed Didi, Senthil Senniappan

Journal: Indian Pediatr. 2018 02;55(2):167-168.

 

Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a major cause of neonatal hypoglycemia characterised by non-ketotic hypoglycemia. We describe the occurrence and higher prevalence of ketotic hypoglycemia (KH) in 5 children with transient CHI. Four children had required diazoxide to control the ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Hypoglycemia" returned 90 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Metrics Beyond Hemoglobin A1C in Diabetes Management: Time in Range, Hypoglycemia, and Other Parameters.
 

Author(s): Lorena Alarcon-Casas Wright, Irl B Hirsch

Journal: Diabetes Technol. Ther.. 2017 05;19(S2):S16-S26.

 

We review clinical instances in which A1C should not be used and reflect on the use of other glucose metrics that can be used, in substitution of or in combination with A1C and SMBG, to tailor an individualized approach that will result in better outcomes and patient empowerment.

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Levels of glucose-regulatory hormones in patients with non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia: including a review of the literature.
 

Author(s): Izumi Fukuda, Akira Asai, Tomoko Nagamine, Taro Harada, Kyoko Tanimura-Inagaki, Naomi Hizuka, Hitoshi Sugihara

Journal: Endocr. J.. 2017 Jul;64(7):719-726.

 

Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) is one of the causes of spontaneous hypoglycemia. The pathogenesis of NICTH is thought to be an excessive production by tumors of big insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II. This study investigated the levels of glucose-regulatory hormones in ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Medical nutrition therapy for post-bariatric hypoglycemia: practical insights.
 

Author(s): Emmy Suhl, Sue-Ellen Anderson-Haynes, Christopher Mulla, Mary-Elizabeth Patti

Journal: Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2017 May;13(5):888-896.

 

Hypoglycemia is increasingly recognized as a complication of bariatric surgery. Although medications are often required, medical nutrition therapy remains the key cornerstone for successful prevention of hypoglycemia in patients with post-bariatric hypoglycemia (PBH). We provide suggested ...

Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Hypoglycemia and the Gut Microbiome
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2018

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Last Updated: 2 Feb 2017

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Continuous Glucose Monitoring to Reduce Hypoglycemia and Improve Safety in Patients With Hypoglycemia After Gastric Surgery
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Hypoglycemia, Reactive; Hypoglycemia

 

Last Updated: 15 Feb 2018

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