Middle East respiratory syndrome

Common Name(s)

Middle East respiratory syndrome, MERS

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a respiratory illness caused by the MERS-CoV virus. The respiratory tract includes the nose, sinuses, and lungs, as well as many other important structures the body uses to breathe. The first case of MERS was seen in Saudi Arabia, and there have been many reported cases in the countries within and nearby the Arabian Peninsula.

Symptoms of MERS may include fever, chills, cough, trouble breathing, body aches, diarrhea, vomiting, and an upset stomach. Though uncommon, there have been some cases where individuals who are infected with the virus display only very mild or no symptoms. Severe complications may include a rapid deterioration of respiratory function (acute respiratory distress syndrome) and pneumonia. Higher risk individuals that are more likely to become infected include older individuals, those who tend to get sick frequently, pregnant women, children, and those with other long-term diseases such as cancer or diabetes.

The Center for Disease Control (CDC) believes the virus originated from an animal source, most likely from camels. Additionally, scientists believe the disease is spread person to person through close contact. However, since many qualities of the virus are not known at this time, further research needs to be completed to fully understand the origin and transmission of the virus.

Ways to prevent becoming infected by the MERS virus include thorough and frequent washing of the hands; avoid touching of the eyes, nose, and mouth; and to avoid contact with individuals who may have been infected or are displaying symptoms. If you or a family member has had possible exposure to the virus and are experiencing symptoms, contact a medical professional as soon as possible to talk about the most current treatment options.

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Middle East respiratory syndrome" for support, advocacy or research.

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Middle East respiratory syndrome" returned 244 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Mental health status of people isolated due to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome.
 

Author(s): Hyunsuk Jeong, Hyeon Woo Yim, Yeong-Jun Song, Moran Ki, Jung-Ah Min, Juhee Cho, Jeong-Ho Chae

Journal:

 

Isolation due to the management of infectious diseases is thought to affect mental health, but the effects are still unknown. We examined the prevalence of anxiety symptoms and anger in persons isolated during the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) epidemic both at isolation ...

Last Updated: 14 Feb 2017

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Preventive behaviors by the level of perceived infection sensitivity during the Korea outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in 2015.
 

Author(s): Soon Young Lee, Hee Jeong Yang, Gawon Kim, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Bo Youl Choi

Journal:

 

This study was performed to investigate the relationship between community residents' infection sensitivity and their levels of preventive behaviors during the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) outbreak in Korea.

Last Updated: 17 Jan 2017

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Factors Influencing Emergency Nurses' Burnout During an Outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Korea.
 

Author(s): Ji Soo Kim, Jeong Sil Choi

Journal: Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2016 Dec;10(4):295-299.

 

Emergency department (ED) nurses suffer from persistent stress after experiencing the traumatic event of exposure to Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which can subsequently lead to burnout. This study aimed to assess ED nurses' burnout level during an outbreak ...

Last Updated: 6 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Middle East respiratory syndrome" returned 26 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Assessment of the risk posed to Singapore by the 2015 Middle East respiratory syndrome outbreak in the Republic of Korea.
 

Author(s): Emma Xuxiao Zhang, Olivia Seen Huey Oh, Wanhan See, Pream Raj, Lyn James, Kamran Khan, Jeannie Su Hui Tey

Journal:

 

To assess the public health risk to Singapore posed by the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in the Republic of Korea in 2015.

Last Updated: 10 Aug 2016

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Prevalence of comorbidities in the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV): a systematic review and meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Alaa Badawi, Seung Gwan Ryoo

Journal: Int. J. Infect. Dis.. 2016 Aug;49():129-33.

 

The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is associated with life-threatening severe illnesses and a mortality rate of approximately 35%, particularly in patients with underlying comorbidities. A systematic analysis of 637 MERS-CoV cases suggests that diabetes and ...

Last Updated: 6 Aug 2016

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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) origin and animal reservoir.
 

Author(s): Hamzah A Mohd, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Ziad A Memish

Journal:

 

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a novel coronavirus discovered in 2012 and is responsible for acute respiratory syndrome in humans. Though not confirmed yet, multiple surveillance and phylogenetic studies suggest a bat origin. The disease is heavily endemic ...

Last Updated: 3 Jun 2016

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Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

MERS-CoV Infection tReated With A Combination of Lopinavir /Ritonavir and Interferon Beta-1b
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

 

Last Updated: 28 Nov 2016

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Respiratory Virus Hospitalization Study (FLU 003 Plus)
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Influenza; Novel Respiratory Virus-1 Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV); Novel Respiratory Virus-2 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV)

 

Last Updated: 28 Oct 2016

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