Myelodysplastic syndromes

Common Name(s)

Myelodysplastic syndromes, MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a rare group of blood disorders characterized by abnormal development of blood cells within the bone marrow. Individuals with MDS have abnormally low blood cell levels (low blood counts). Signs and symptoms associated with MDS include dizziness, fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, bruising and bleeding, frequent infections, and headaches. In some cases, MDS may progress to bone marrow failure or an acute leukemia. The exact cause of MDS is unknown. It sometimes runs in families, but no disease-causing gene has been identified. Treatment depends on the affected individual's age, general health, and type of MDS and may include red cell and/or platelet transfusions and antibiotics.
 

Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myelodysplastic syndromes" for support, advocacy or research.

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Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Advocacy and Support Organizations

 

Condition Specific Organizations

Following organizations serve the condition "Myelodysplastic syndromes" for support, advocacy or research.

Logo
Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

The Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation (AA&MDSIF) is the world's leading nonprofit health organization dedicated to supporting patients and families living with aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and related bone marrow failure diseases. AA&MDSIF provides answers, support and hope to thousands of patients and their families around the world.

http://www.aamds.org/

Last Updated: 29 Apr 2014

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National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

The mission of the National Bone Marrow Transplant Link is to help patients, caregivers, and families cope with the social and emotional challenges of bone marrow/stem cell transplant from diagnosis through survivorship by providing vital information and personalized support services.

http://www.nbmtlink.org

Last Updated: 20 Feb 2013

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General Support Organizations

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Scientific Literature

Articles from the PubMed Database

Research articles describe the outcome of a single study. They are the published results of original research.
The terms "Myelodysplastic syndromes" returned 722 free, full-text research articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Relation between chelation and clinical outcomes in lower-risk patients with myelodysplastic syndromes: Registry analysis at 5 years.
 

Author(s): Roger M Lyons, Billie J Marek, Carole Paley, Jason Esposito, Katie McNamara, Paul D Richards, Nicholas DiBella, Guillermo Garcia-Manero

Journal: Leuk. Res.. 2017 May;56():88-95.

 

Prospective data are needed to ascertain the impact of iron chelation therapy in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. The present 5-year prospective registry analysis was conducted to compare clinical outcomes between chelated and nonchelated patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic ...

Last Updated: 28 Feb 2017

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Prognostic significance of SETBP1 mutations in myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, and chronic neutrophilic leukemia: A meta-analysis.
 

Author(s): Li-Hong Shou, Dan Cao, Xiao-Hui Dong, Qiu Fang, Ying Wu, Yan Zhang, Ju-Ping Fei, Bao-Lian Xu

Journal:

 

This meta-analysis investigates the prognostic effect of SET binding protein 1 (SETBP1) mutations in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), or chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL).

Last Updated: 3 Feb 2017

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Decitabine priming prior to low-dose chemotherapy improves patient outcomes in myelodysplastic syndromes-RAEB: a retrospective analysis vs. chemotherapy alone.
 

Author(s): Li Ye, Yanling Ren, Xinping Zhou, Chen Mei, Liya Ma, Xingnong Ye, Juying Wei, Weilai Xu, Haitao Meng, Wenbin Qian, Wenyuan Mai, Yinjun Lou, Gaixiang Xu, Jiejing Qian, Yejiang Lou, Yingwan Luo, Lili Xie, Peipei Lin, Chao Hu, Jie Jin, Hongyan Tong

Journal: J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.. 2017 May;143(5):873-882.

 

The aim of this study was to examine whether decitabine priming prior to low-dose chemotherapeutic regimens could improve outcomes in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes-refractory anemia with excess of blasts (MDS-RAEB).

Last Updated: 21 Jan 2017

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Reviews from the PubMed Database

Review articles summarize what is currently known about a disease. They discuss research previously published by others.
The terms "Myelodysplastic syndromes" returned 141 free, full-text review articles on human participants. First 3 results:

Role of serum ferritin level on overall survival in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes: Results of a meta-analysis of observational studies.
 

Author(s): Claudia Pileggi, Maddalena Di Sanzo, Valentina Mascaro, Maria Grazia Marafioti, Francesco Saverio Costanzo, Maria Pavia

Journal:

 

The role of serum ferritin (SF) as a prognostic factor has been analyzed in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), but the prognostic role of elevated SF levels is still controversial in lower risk MDS patients. ...

Last Updated: 16 Jun 2017

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Recent advances in the treatment of lower-risk non-del(5q) myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
 

Author(s): Antonio Almeida, Pierre Fenaux, Alan F List, Azra Raza, Uwe Platzbecker, Valeria Santini

Journal: Leuk. Res.. 2017 Jan;52():50-57.

 

Patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are affected primarily by symptoms of chronic anemia and fatigue rather than progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Severe thrombocytopenia, although less common in lower-risk MDS, is associated with increased risk of bleeding. ...

Last Updated: 24 Nov 2016

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Efficacy and Safety of Lenalidomide for Treatment of Low-/Intermediate-1-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes with or without 5q Deletion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
 

Author(s): Xin-Yue Lian, Zhi-Hui Zhang, Zhao-Qun Deng, Pin-Fang He, Dong-Ming Yao, Zi-Jun Xu, Xiang-Mei Wen, Lei Yang, Jiang Lin, Jun Qian

Journal:

 

Lenalidomide could effectively induce red blood cell (RBC) transfusion independence (TI) in patients with lower-risk (Low/Intermediate-1) myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with or without 5q deletion. However whether lenalidomide ultimately improves the overall survival (OS) of lower-risk ...

Last Updated: 8 Nov 2016

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Clinical Trial Information This information is provided by ClinicalTrials.gov

Study of DSP-7888 in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myelodysplastic Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 1 Mar 2017

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Research for Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells in the Treatment of Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
 

Status: Not yet recruiting

Condition Summary: Myelodysplastic Syndromes

 

Last Updated: 12 Jun 2017

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Phase 1 Study to Evaluate MEDI4736 in Subjects With Myelodysplastic Syndrome
 

Status: Recruiting

Condition Summary: Myelodysplastic Syndrome

 

Last Updated: 21 Aug 2017

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